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What is the difference between 'going to' and 'will'?

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Spoken English, Communication Skill, Personality Development trainer with 16 years experience

1. We use "going to" to talk about a planned activity for future. For instance: A: There is a good movie on TV tonight. B: Yes. I know. I am going to watch it. A: Why is Betty in a hurry? B: Because she is going to meet her brother at the station at six. 2. We use "will" when we decide... read more
1. We use "going to" to talk about a planned activity for future. For instance: A: There is a good movie on TV tonight. B: Yes. I know. I am going to watch it. A: Why is Betty in a hurry? B: Because she is going to meet her brother at the station at six. 2. We use "will" when we decide to do something at the time of speaking. For instance : A: What would you like to drink, sir? B: I will have a glass of milk, please. A: Oh, you have left the door open. B: Have I? I will go and shut it. 3. We use "going to" for prediction in the near future. The speaker is sure because there are signs about it. For instance : She is standing at the edge of the cliff, she is going to fall. A: What is the problem? There are strange noises in the lift. B: I think the lift is going to break down .Let’s get out! A: I feel cold. B: Look at those black clouds. It is going to rain. A: What is the matter with you? B: I feel terrible. I think I am going to be ill. 4. We use "will" for prediction in the remote future For instance : A: How is he, doctor? B: Don’t worry. He will get better. A: The bridge is not so safe. B: Yes. One day it will break down. 5. We use "will" for requests, invitations and offers. For instance : Will you shut the door, please? (Request) Will you come to the cinema with me? (Invitation) That bag looks very heavy. I will help you. (Offer) 6. We generally use "will" for prediction with the following verbs and phrases. Believe , expect , hope , think , wonder , I’m sure , I’m afraid ...etc I believe he will pass the exam. I hope he won’t leave us. I am afraid he will fail the exam. Do you think they will divorce? 7. We use "will" with the adverbs Perhaps, probably, certainly We do not use going to in this case. Perhaps they will support you in the election. Jackson will probably go to London next year. 8. We use "will" to express promise, not going to I will study medicine at university. I will stop going to the casino. 9. We use "will" in a question tag after imperative, not going to. Do it today, will you? Don’t look at your friend’s paper, will you? 10. We use "will" to give an order or state our wishes, not be going to. Will you turn on the lights? 11. We use "will" to express an action in necessity in the future, not be going to. You will have to pay a fine if you don’t pay your tax on time. 12. We use "will" for threat. Study hard or you will fail. Give me all your money or you will die. read less
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Computer Application Tutor

Going to is used in a sentence when there is a specific time,say,same day,tomorrow ,etc. But will is used in a sentence when time is not specified.
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English Erudition

At the time of making a decision "will" is used After making a decision we talk about it with "going to"
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Computer Application Tutor

Going to means when something is going to happen in a short time span.and will means when there is no certainity of time
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Interested to teach to class 1 to 5 , 6 to 10 , 11&12

Will + infinitive A decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. John: Really? In that case, I'll go and get some. A prediction based on opinion: I think the Conservatives will win the next election. A... read more
Will + infinitive A decision at the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. John: Really? In that case, I'll go and get some. A prediction based on opinion: I think the Conservatives will win the next election. A future fact: The sun will rise tomorrow. For promises / requests / refusals / offers: I'll help you tomorrow, if you like. Be going to + infinitive A decision before the moment of speaking: Julie: There's no milk. John: I know. I'm going to go and get some when this TV programme finishes. A prediction based on something we can see (or hear) now: The Conservatives are going to win the election. They already have most of the votes. read less
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