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GRE Verbal: Vocabulary Build Up

Sunil Panjani
23/06/2017 1 1

Venal:

  • Meaning: Adjective : 1. Capable of being bought: open to bribery. 2. Of or related to bribery.

  • Etymology: From Latin venalis (that which is for sale), from venum (sale). Ultimately from the Indo-European root wes- (to buy) that is also the source of vend, bazaar, vilify, and monosony. Earliest documented use: 1827.

  • Usage: “Everything that was wrong, venal, lazy, and mendacious about GM in the 1980s was crystallized in this flagrant insult to the good name and fine customers of Cadillac"

 

Mendacious:

  • Meaning: Adjective: Telling lies, especially as a habit.

  • Etymology: From Latin mendac-, stem of mendax (lying), from mendum (fault or defect) that also gave us amend, emend, and mendicant. Earliest documented use: 1616.

  • Usage: “Usually I only meet fishermen more flagrantly mendacious than anywhere else. But they’ve got bored with me because I always unhesitatingly go two pounds better than the biggest juggler of avoirdupois present.”

Flagrant:

  • Meaning: Adjective: Conspicuously offensive.

  • Etymology: From Latin flagrare (to burn). Ultimately from the Indo-European root bhel- (to shine or burn), which is also the source of blaze, blank, blond, bleach, blanket, flame, refulgent, fulminate, effulgent, and flagrante delicto. Earliest documented use: 1450.

  • Usage: “The Saudi-led coalition warplanes waged on Tuesday three raids ... in a flagrant breach to the ceasefire.” Saudi War Jets Launch Three Raids on Harib Nehm in Mareb; Yemen News Agency (Sana’a); May 24, 2016.

 

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Pragya | 08/03/2019

very informative

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