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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Examine the causes of pollution in London from the middle 18th century.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

. After the Industrial Revolution, a large number of people began to migrate to London. But the factory or workshop owners did not accommodate the migrant workers. Individual landowners put up cheap and unhealthy tenements for the workers. The condition of the slums was very unhealthy. Thus, Booth concluded... read more

. After the Industrial Revolution, a large number of
people began to migrate to London. But the factory or workshop owners did not accommodate the migrant workers. Individual landowners put up cheap and unhealthy tenements for the workers.
The condition of the slums was very unhealthy. Thus, Booth concluded that London needed the rebuilding of at least 400000 rooms to house its poorest citizens. Gradually, a large number of people began to recognise the need for housing for the poor.
The one-room houses occupied by the poor were a serious threat to public health as they were overcrowded, badly ventilated and lacked sanitation. Poor housing system could create fire hazards, which could engulf other areas in the fire disaster. There were the circumstances leading to the pollution in London from the middle of 18 th century.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Why did housing become an important concern for the people of London in the early 20th century? State... read more
Why did housing become an important concern for the people of London in the early 20th century? State measures to be taken to solve the problem. read less

Sujoy D.

Tutor

After Industrial Revolution, people started coming in London in large scale. Poverty was more concentrated and visible in London. Due to following reasons housing became an important concern for the people ofLondon in the early 20th century (i) Houses in which poor people lived were overcrowded, had... read more

After Industrial Revolution, people started coming in London in large scale. Poverty was more concentrated and visible in London.
Due to following reasons housing became an important concern for the people ofLondon in the early 20th century
(i) Houses in which poor people lived were overcrowded, had no ventilation or sanitation. These were serious threat to public health.
(ii) There were possibilities about fire hazards created by poor housing.
(iii) After the Russian Revolution in 1917, there was a fear among rich that the situation might lead to social disorder and rebellion.
Some measures to be taken to solve the problem were
(i) Worker’s mass housing schemes were planned.
(ii) One million single family cottages were built.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Singapore is a successful, rich and well - planned city'. Explain.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Singapore until 1965, was overcrowded, lacked sanitation, had poor housing and poverty. Singapore became an independent nation under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew, President of the People’s Action Party. A huge housing and development programme was undertaken. This programme completely altered... read more

Singapore until 1965, was overcrowded, lacked sanitation, had poor housing and poverty. Singapore became an independent nation under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew, President of the People’s Action Party. A huge housing and development programme was undertaken. This programme completely altered the face of the island nation. The tall housing blocks, which were well ventilated and serviced, also redesigned the social life of Singapore. Crimes were reduced and the elderly were housed alongside their families. Empty floors were provided in all buildings to enable and encourage community activities. Migration into the city was strictly controlled. Social relations between the Chinese, the Malays and the Indians were monitored to prevent racial conflicts. Newspapers, journals and all forms of communication and association were strictly controlled by the government.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Compare and contrast the cities of London and Bombay.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Comparison between London and Bombay are (i) Both the cities laced the problem of high density of population due to migrant population. (ii) Both the cities faced housing crisis, growth of slums and increasing pressure on health and sanitation issues. (iii) Both these cities were marked by contrasts... read more

Comparison between London and Bombay are
(i) Both the cities laced the problem of high density of population due to migrant population.
(ii) Both the cities faced housing crisis, growth of slums and increasing pressure on health and sanitation issues.
(iii) Both these cities were marked by contrasts of affluence and extreme poverty.
(iv) For housing the migrant population, both saw the
’ growth of tenements, which were largely owned by private landlords. In Bombay, these multi-storeyed structures were known as chawls. In both Bombay and London, houses were small, and streets aild neighbourhood were used for a variety of activities like cooking, washing and leisure by the poor.
Contrast between London and Bombay are
(i) Bombay, unlike London, from its earliest days, did not grow according to any plan.
(ii) While every Londoner in the 1840s enjoyed an average space of 155 square yards, Bombay had a mere 9.5 square yards.
(iii) Since India was a colonial country, Bombay was developed with a racial pattern. The Bombay Fort area, which formed the heart of the city, was divided into ‘native town’ and ‘white section’. But there was no such division in London city.
(iv) While town planning in London emerged from fears of social revolution, planning in Bombay was done to prevent a plague epidemic.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Why were handmade products preferred in Victorian Britain? Explain any three reasons.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

In Victorian Britain, the upper classes preferred things produced by hand because of the following reasons (i) Handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class. lit) Handmade products were better finished, individually produced and carefully designed. (ii) Machine made goods were for export to... read more

In Victorian Britain, the upper classes preferred things produced by hand because of the following reasons
(i) Handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class. lit) Handmade products were better finished, individually produced and carefully designed.
(ii) Machine made goods were for export to the colonies.
(iii) Upper classes preferred the expensive handmade products for its exclusiveness.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Explain the meaning of the term 'Industrial Revolution.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The term ‘Industrial Revolution’ stands for those developments and inventions which revolutionised the technique and organisation of production in the later half of the 18 th century. This Industrial Revolution replaced the previous domestic system of production by the new factory system.... read more

The term ‘Industrial Revolution’ stands for those developments and inventions which revolutionised the technique and organisation of production in the later half of the 18 th century. This Industrial Revolution replaced the previous domestic system of production by the new factory system. In place of manual and animal power, new machines and steam power were used for producing things. This revolution replaced cottage industries by factories, hand labour by machine work and craftsmen and artists by capitalists and factory owners.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Many a times introduction of new crops make the difference between life and death'. Explain the statement... read more
Many a times introduction of new crops make the difference between life and death'. Explain the statement with the example of introduction of potato crop in Europe. read less

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Various examples are given below in order to understand the statement clearly (i) Many of our common foods like potatoes, soya, groundnuts, maize, tomatoes, chillies, sweet potatoes were not known to our ancestors till five centuries ago. These foods were introduced in Europe and Asia after America was... read more

Various examples are given below in order to understand the statement clearly
(i) Many of our common foods like potatoes, soya, groundnuts, maize, tomatoes, chillies, sweet potatoes were not known to our ancestors till five centuries ago. These foods were introduced in Europe and Asia after America was discovered.
(it) Europe’s poor began to eat better and live longer with the introduction of the potatoes. •
(Hi) Ireland’s poorest peasants were so dependent on potatoes that during the Great Irish Potato Famine (1845-1849), around  people died of starvation in Ireland and double the number emigrated in search of work.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Explain any four characteristics of commercial farming in India.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

(i) The main characteristic of commercial farming is the use of high doses of modern inputs, like high yielding varieties of seeds, chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides in order to obtain higher productivity. (ii) The degree of commercialisation of agriculture varies from one region to another,... read more

(i) The main characteristic of commercial farming is the use of high doses of modern inputs, like high yielding varieties of seeds, chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides in order to obtain higher productivity.
(ii) The degree of commercialisation of agriculture varies from one region to another, for example rice is a commercial crop of Punjab and haryana but in Orissa it is a subsistence crop.
(iii) Plantation is also a type of commercial farming where a single crop is grown on a large area.
(iv) Plantations cover large areas using capital intensive inputs with the help of migrant labourers.
(v) In India tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana are important plantation crops.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Discuss significant characteristics of rice cultivation in India.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Characteristics of rice cultivation are (i) It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. (ii) India is the second largest producer in the world after China. (iii) Dense network areas of canal irrigation and tubewells have made it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall such... read more

Characteristics of rice cultivation are
(i) It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India.
(ii) India is the second largest producer in the world after China.
(iii) Dense network areas of canal irrigation and tubewells have made it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall such as Punjab, Haryana and Western UP.
(iv) In Assam, West Bengal and Odisha, three crops of rice in a year namely-Aus, Aman and Boro are grown.

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Answered 3 days ago CBSE/Class 10/Social Studies Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Explain any five reasons responsible for depletion of flora and fauna in India.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

There are five major reasons which are responsible for depletion of flora andfauna in India (i) Agricultural expansion After Independence agricultural expansion becomes the major causes of depletion of forest resources. Between 1951 and 1980, according to the Forest Survey of India over 26,200 sq. km... read more

There are five major reasons which are responsible for depletion of flora andfauna in India
(i) Agricultural expansion After Independence agricultural expansion becomes the major causes of depletion of forest resources. Between 1951 and 1980, according to the Forest Survey of India over 26,200 sq. km of forest area was converted • into agricultural land all over the India.
{ii) Mining It is another major factor behind
deforestation, e.g. dolomite mining has seriously threatened the Buxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal. This ongoing mining has disturbed the natural habitat and blocked the migration route of great Indian elephant.
(iii) Large-scale development projects Since 1951, over 5000 sq km of forest was cleared for River Valley Projects. Narmada Sagar Projects in Madhya Pradesh has inundated 40000 hectare of forest.
(iv) Rapidly expanding industrial-urban economy Increasing consumption of forest based product such as rubber, medicines, dyes, fuel wood has increased the depletion of forest resources.
(v) Over population In the third world countries it is often cited as the cause of environmental degradations. However an average American Consumed 40 times more resources than an average Somalian. Similarly 5 per cent richest Indians cause more ecological damage than poorest 25 per cent.

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