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Lesson Posted on 28/10/2022 Learn Mathematics
Vikas Mehra
I am an experienced ,qualified teacher with over 4 years of experience in teaching mathematics and economic....
Lesson Posted on 28/10/2022 Learn Class 10 Difference between two points and section formula
Vikas Mehra
I am an experienced ,qualified teacher with over 4 years of experience in teaching mathematics and economic....
Lesson Posted on 19/10/2022 Learn Mathematics
Manjeet Khajuria
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Lesson Posted on 19/08/2022 Learn Tuition
Sheshan Kumar Jha
Hello Parents and Students,I have been teaching since I was in Class-9th as teaching has been my passion...
Lesson Posted on 04/08/2022 Learn Mathematics
Maths: Chapter 1: Euclid's Division Lemma
Anshuman Rai
I'm an ex government official with eight plus years of experience. Teaching is my passion and looking...
Answered on 24/07/2022 Learn Mathematics
Rahul Kumar
Math, Science & Computer by an NITian tutor for Class X,IX with 15 years of experiecne
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Lesson Posted on 16/06/2022 Learn Mathematics
Ashish K Sharma
I was a teacher and author and now, I am a Scientist. I have a PG degree in Mathematics as well a Diploma...
Q: The numerator of a fraction is 3 less than the denominator. If 2 is added to
both the numerator and the denominator, then the sum of the new and the
original fraction is 29/20. Find the original fraction.
SOLUTION.
Let the numerator of the fraction be x. Then, according to the question,
Denominator = x + 3
Thus, the fraction is x / (x+3). Now, adding 2 to both the Nr. And the Dr,
New fraction = (x+2) / (x+5).
Now, as per the question, we have,
[ x / (x+3)] + [(x+2) / (x+5)] = 29 / 20. … Adding 2 to x and x+3
Simplifying, we have
( 2 * x^2 + 10 * x + 6) / ( x^2 + 8 * x + 15) = 29/20
On further simplification after cross multiplying, we have
11 * x^2 - 32 * x – 315 = 0
Factorising the above quadratic into 2 linear factors, we have
11 * x * (x – 7) + 45 * (x – 7) = 0
Now, the first root is -45/11 and the second root is 7.
Taking x = 7 as the numerator, we have denominator as 10.
Therefore our fraction is 7/10.
Note: We ignore the first root as it is negative and does not yield the satisfactory answer.
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Lesson Posted on 09/06/2022 Learn Mathematics
Ashish K Sharma
I was a teacher and author and now, I am a Scientist. I have a PG degree in Mathematics as well a Diploma...
Q: Sum of the area of two squares is 400 square cm. If the difference of their perimeters is 16 cm, find the sides of the two squares.
SOLUTION
Let the side of the first square be ‘a’ and that of the second square be ‘b’. then, according to the problem,
a^2 + b^2 = 400 …(1)
and 4a – 4b = 16 …(2) Hint : Perimeter = 4 times the side of a square
Now, from (2), a = b + 4,
substituting this value of a in (1), we have
(4+b) ^2+b^2 = 400
Expanding the above we get the following quadratic equation:
b^2 + 4*b - 192 = 0 ….(3)
factoring the polynomial, we get,
b^2 + 16b-12b-192 = 0 …. (4)
simplifying, we obtain,
b(b+ 16)-12(b+ 16) = 0
From which we get two solutions viz
b = 12 or b = -16
Now, since the side of a square cannot be negative, thus the correct solution is b = 12, whence, a = b + 4.
Thus, a = 16.
Therefore, the sides of the square are 12 and 16 cm respectively.
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Lesson Posted on 08/06/2022 Learn Arithmetic Progression
Arithmetic Progression Example
Ashish K Sharma
I was a teacher and author and now, I am a Scientist. I have a PG degree in Mathematics as well a Diploma...
Arithmetic Progression Example.
Q:If the sum of the first 7 terms of an AP is 49 and that of the first 17 terms is 289,find the sum of its first n terms.
Solution:
We know that the Sum of the first n terms of an AP is given by:
Sn = (n / 2) * ((2 * a + (n-1) * d)).
Therefore, as per the first requirement,
49 = (7 / 2) * ((2 * a + (7-1) * d)).
Similarly, as per the second requirement,
289 = (17 / 2) * ((2 * a + (17-1) * d)).
Now, from (1), we have , a = 7 – 3d. Substituting this value of a in (2), we have
17 = 7-3d + 8d
Whence, 10 = 5d,
Thus, d = 2.
And, then a is 7 – (3 * 2) = 7 – 6 = 1
Thus, we have, a = 1 and d = 2. Now, the sum of the first n terms is
Sn = (n / 2) * ((2 * a + (n-1) * d)).
Thus,
The sum of its first n terms = n^2.
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Lesson Posted on 02/06/2022 Learn UNIT II: Algebra
An interesting ratio and proportion problem from Hall and Knight
Ashish K Sharma
I was a teacher and author and now, I am a Scientist. I have a PG degree in Mathematics as well a Diploma...
Q: Two casks A and B were filled with 2 kinds of sherry, mixed in the cask A in the ratio of 2:7, and in the cask B in the ratio of 1:5. What quantity must be taken from each to form a mixture which shall consist of 2 gallons of one kind and 9 gallons of the other,
SOLUTION.
Let us assume that we take ‘a’ gallons from the first cask and ‘b’ from the other cask. The, considering the first cask, we have :
2a/9 parts(or, units) of First type of sherry,S1,and
7a/9 parts(or, units) of First type of sherry,S2 .
And, considering the second cask, we have:
b/6 parts (or, units) of First type of sherry, S1,and
5b/6 parts (or, units) of First type of sherry, S2.
In the mixture, therefore, we have 2a/9+b/6 units of S1 and 7a/9+5b/6 units of S2.
Now, 2a/9+b/6 = (4a+3b) / 18 and 7a/9+5b/6 = (14a+15b) / 18
Therefore, as per the question, the ratio of S1 to S2 in the mixture is,
-- ( (4a+3b) / 18 ) / ( (14a+15b) / 18 ) = 2 / 9
-- (4a+3b) / (14a+15b) = 2 / 9
From which,
-- 36a+27b = 28a+30b
-- 8a = 3b
From which, we have finally,
a/b = 3/8
Thus, we have to take 3 gallons from cask A and 8 gallons from cask B to form the mixture.
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