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Lesson Posted on 13 Jan Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

English Grammar-Tenses with their Active and Passive voices - Easy to learn.

Saiteja

TENSES PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE FUTURE TENSE SIMPLE Sub+v1+Obj Ex: She writes a letter Sub+v2+Obj Ex: She wrote a letter Sub+Shall/Will+v1+Obj Ex: She will write a letter CONTINUOUS Sub+am/is/are+Conti+Obj Ex: She is writing a letter Sub+was/were+Conti+Obj Ex:... read more

TENSES

 

PRESENT TENSE

PAST TENSE

FUTURE TENSE

SIMPLE

Sub+v1+Obj

Ex: She writes a letter

Sub+v2+Obj

Ex: She wrote a letter

Sub+Shall/Will+v1+Obj

Ex: She will write a letter

CONTINUOUS

Sub+am/is/are+Conti+Obj

Ex: She is writing a letter

Sub+was/were+Conti+Obj

Ex: She was writing a letter

Sub+Shall/Will+be+Conti

+Obj

Ex: She will be writing a letter

PERFECT

Sub+has/have+v3+Obj

Ex: She has written a letter

Sub+had+v3+Obj

Ex: She had written a letter

Sub+shall/will+has/have+v3+Obj

Ex: She will have written a letter

PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Sub+has/have+been+

Conti+Obj

Ex: She has been writing a letter

Sub+had+been+Conti+Obj

Ex: She had been writing a letter

Sub+shall/will+has/have+been+Conti+Obj

Ex: She will have been writing a letter

Simple Present Tense :   Daily actions

Present Perfect Tense :  Just Completed Actions

    - For any past completed actions provided not mentioned time

    - just now, so far, not yet, etc., if these are present in the sentence

Present Perfect Tense :  Started in past and still continuing

Simple Past Tense :  Mentioning past actions by indicating exact time

    ago, yesterday, last year, last month, last week,

    any past year(1997, 1880,),...if these are mentioned

Past Perfect Tense :  If two past actions are discussed in one sentence, then the earlier action   should be in past perfect and the latter should be in simple past.

Future Perfect Tense :  By then, by this time, by that time, by so and so year, etc.,

 

 ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

 

Active Voice (AV) :

       When the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action, then the sentence is in AV.

  Ex:     She writes a letter.

Passive Voice (PV) :

         When the subject of the sentence is the receiver of the action denoted by the verb, then the sentence is in PV.

  Ex:     A letter is written by her.

 

Changing AV to PV

  • Subject -->Object and Object --> Subject
  • Helping/ Auxiliary verb comes.
  • Add ‘by’ before the new object. (Not required in some cases)

                Ex: He was elected the leader of the house. (Not required 'by')

  • Change the verb to its ‘participle form’(V3)
  • The PV is preferred when the doer is unknown or unimportant.

                   Ex:   The bridge was built in the 17th Century.

  • When discussing history, the PV is often used.

                 Ex:    The war was fought with glory.

  • The AV is used when the subject is more important than the object.
  • Avoid using active and passive in the same sentence.

                 Ex:   The food was cooked and served.

                         Emma cooked and served the food.

  • Use a single verb instead of two whenever is possible.

                     Ex:    Strucker enjoys good food and music.

                    ( Strucker enjoys good food and music is also enjoyed by him.)-->Awkward

 

PRESENT TENSE

 

Simple Present

Present Continuous

Present Perfect

Present Perfect Continuous

AV

Sub+V1+Obj

Ex:

She writes a letter

Sub+is/am/are+Conti+Obj

Ex:

She is writing a letter

Sub+has/have+v3+Obj

Ex: She has written a letter

Sub+has/have+been+

Conti+Obj

Ex: She has been writing a letter

PV

New Sub+is/are+V3+

by+New Obj

Ex:

A letter is written by her

New Sub+is/am/are+being+V3+by+ New Obj

Ex:

A letter is being written by her

New Sub+has/have+been+V3+by+ New Obj

Ex:

A letter has been written by her

 

   

   No Passive Form

 

PAST TENSE

 

Simple Past

Past Continuous

Past Perfect

Past Perfect Continuous

AV

Sub+v2+Obj

Ex: She wrote a letter

Sub+was/were+Conti+Obj

Ex: She was writing a letter

Sub+had+v3+Obj

Ex: She had written a letter

Sub+had+been+Conti+Obj

Ex: She had been writing a letter

PV

New Sub+was/were+V3+

by+New Obj

Ex:

A letter was written by her

New Sub+was/were+being+V3+by+ New Obj

Ex:

A letter was being written by her

New Sub+had+been+V3+by+ New Obj

Ex:

A letter had been written by her

 

   

   No Passive Form

 

  FUTURE TENSE

 

Simple Future

Future Continuous

Future Perfect

Future Perfect Continuous

AV

Sub+Shall/Will+v1+Obj

Ex: She will write a letter

Sub+Shall/Will+be+Conti

+Obj

Ex: She will be writing a letter

Sub+shall/will+has/have+v3+Obj

Ex: She will have written a letter

Sub+shall/will+has/have+been+Conti+Obj

Ex: She will have been writing a letter

PV

New Sub+will+be+V3+

by+New Obj

Ex:

A letter will be written by her

 

   

   No Passive Form

New Sub+shall/will+has/have+been+V3+by+ New Obj

Ex:

A letter will have been written by her

 

   

   No Passive Form

 

Note:

  Sentences with intransitive verbs cannot be changed to passive form because those verbs do not take objects after them.

  Ex:

    The sky is blue.

    He goes to school. (intransitive verb)

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Answered on 29/12/2018 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

How can I apply for TOEFL course?

Effie

Tutor

Hi Sanya, It's a good idea to sign up for a TOEFL course before taking TOEFL exam if you are not sure about your English language proficiency. You can either approach TOEFL/IELTS training centres or individual trainers who have command over the language and knowledge about TOEFL exam pattern. read more

Hi Sanya, 

It's a good idea to sign up for a TOEFL course before taking TOEFL exam if you are not sure about your English language proficiency. You can either approach TOEFL/IELTS training centres or individual trainers who have command over the language and knowledge about TOEFL exam pattern.

 

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Answered on 08/09/2018 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

Tanvi Madbhavi

Highly Qualified Tutor

First concentrate on english grammar, be perfect at it and then go to writing skills.
Answers 3 Comments
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Asked on 13/06/2018 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

Hello, I have an IELTS exam in August before that I need to improve my grammar & vocabulary knowledge... read more
Hello, I have an IELTS exam in August before that I need to improve my grammar & vocabulary knowledge for communication. I am taking classes in British council so that anyone in Solinganallur, please contact me. read less

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Answered on 09/06/2018 Tuition CBSE/Class 10/English Language/Spoken English +1 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition less

Joey A.

English Language Trainer

Hi... A very small tip to improve your language is by reading, listening and speaking. The more you read the more vocabulary gets in your mind. The more you use it, the more your confidence improves. So best of luck.
Answers 7 Comments
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Lesson Posted on 11/05/2018 Language/Spoken English Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition Language

How To Improve Your Vocabulary?

Tanay Kumar Das

Special Spoken English Classes are conducted in Belghoria. My motto is to make English The Mother Tongue...

1. Learn a word a day2. Watch cricket/football commentary3. Read short stories of Arthur Conan Doyle featuring Sherlock Holmes (any dynamic, thrilling short story as you don't have the patience to read a novel.)4. If you use windows 8, install wordbook, which is an easy to use dictionary.5. Read blogs,... read more

1. Learn a word a day
2. Watch cricket/football commentary
3. Read short stories of Arthur Conan Doyle featuring Sherlock Holmes (any dynamic, thrilling short story as you don't have the patience to read a novel.)
4. If you use windows 8, install wordbook, which is an easy to use dictionary.
5. Read blogs, articles etc. in your areas of interest. (e.g., Travel, Automobiles, Sports)
6. Play Scrabble, and other word games.
7. While learning words, try to associate them with their picture.
A tip: Search for words in Google images than just in Google web.

8. Type something you like in Microsoft Word and try to replace words with their synonyms. (Just right-clicking on the word will show you the synonyms tab)

9. Slowly, slowly develop an affinity towards reading, believe me, it's worth the effort.

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Answered on 19/07/2017 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

Dr V Shanmugam

English Trainer

You have to get the basics right. You cannot talk even a single sentence error free and confidently without knowing the basics. There is nothing wrong as such when you want to learn the language free. I did. The problem is you do not know what you should learn. Also, you will be wasting lot of effort... read more
You have to get the basics right. You cannot talk even a single sentence error free and confidently without knowing the basics. There is nothing wrong as such when you want to learn the language free. I did. The problem is you do not know what you should learn. Also, you will be wasting lot of effort and time. We teach everything you should know in just two months for just Rs. 8000/-. Two months to teach all that is required is really an herculean task, but still it can be done with the commitment of the learner. We try to teach you in optimum time at affordable fee. Call in case you need a demo. Regards. Dr V Shanmugam read less
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Answered on 09/06/2017 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

Satabdi Sarkar

English language

Depends on the number of classes and duration of each claas
Answers 8 Comments
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Answered on 28/04/2017 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

Pooja Singhal

Tutor

Speaking in English.
Answers 11 Comments
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Answered on 28/04/2017 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/English Language & Composition

Pooja Singhal

Tutor

Rs. 6500 five class in a week.
Answers 8 Comments
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