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The English alphabet and simple words

Denny Davis
24/07/2019 0 0

Chapter 1: The English alphabet and simple words


The English alphabet has 26 letters.  In these letters a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels.  The remaining 21 letters are called consonants.

Why are the letters ‘ a ’, ‘ e ’, ‘ i ’, ‘ o ’ and ‘ u ’ called vowels of the English Alphabet?

The letters a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y (depending on the pronunciation), are called vowels in the English Alphabet.  These letters make a speech sound by the vocal cords, that is not blocked by any organ, so these sounds come out unhindered.  Every English word has a vowel or a vowel sound.

Some words like sky, try, fly, by, why, cry, shy do not have any of the regular vowels.  However, they have the letter y which makes a vowel sound similar to the letter ‘ i ’. 

In other words that have the letter ‘ y ’, like yes, yet, you, yellow, yacht, yesterday, yell, the letter y makes a consonant sound.

 A word is a group of letters that make meaning.

 1 A)  Write down 5 words starting with each vowel.

































Alphabetical Order or Dictionary order:

 Words are generally written in alphabetical order.  A dictionary has words in alphabetical order.

 1 B) Write down the following words in alphabetical order.

  • Football, Cricket, Volleyball, Tennis
  • orange, pineapple, banana, apple
  • pumpkin, cabbage, onion, potato
  • window, door, roof, shelf
  • table, chair, desk, sofa
  • tiger, lion, dog, cat
  • eagle, peacock, sparrow, crow
  • head, eyes, nose, mouth

A Sentence

A sentence is a group of words that convey meaning or a complete idea.

Examples of good sentences (Statements or Declarative) are:

A Statement or Declarative sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.

  • My name is Prakash.
  • I live in Bangalore.
  • This is a good book.
  • I will come tomorrow.
  • I like tea with biscuits.

The sentences written above are called Statements or Declarative sentences.

An Interrogative sentence asks a question.

An Interrogative sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a question mark.

Examples of Interrogative sentences are: 

  • What is your name?
  • Where do you work?
  • When can you come?
  • What is the cost of this car?
  • How will you travel to Delhi?

 The sentences written above are called Interrogative sentences.

1 C) Write down five Questions and five Statements of your own.

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