Learn Spoken English from the Best Tutors

  • Affordable fees
  • 1-1 or Group class
  • Flexible Timings
  • Verified Tutors

Active Voice & Passive Voice.

Kurapati M.
13/02/2017 0 1

Active Voice & Passive Voice.

“Voice means that form of a verb which denotes whether the subject of a sentence does something or whether something is done to the subject.”

  1. A verb is in the “Active voice” when its form shows that the person or thing denoted by it does something or is the doer of the active.
  1. A verb is in the “passive voice” when its form shows that something is done to the person or thing denoted by the subject.

While changing any sentence from active voice to passive voice, we have to follow 6 rules.

  1. Tense will not be changed

Eg: Mr. Aravind teaches us Grammar

  1. “subject” will be changed as object and “object” will be changed as subject

Eg: (AV) Mr. Aravind teaches us Grammar

       (PV) Grammar is taught by Mr. Aravind.


      (PV) We are taught Grammar by Mr. Aravind. 

  1. In passive voice “v3” form has to be written.
  1. ‘v3’ form should be followed by “by” preposition

       Eg: (AV) Mr. Aravind teaches grammar

(PV) Grammar is taught by Mr. Aravind 

  1. For all continuous tenses in passive voice “being” has to be written.

       Eg: (AV) Mr. Aravind is teaching grammar

            (PV) Grammar is being taught by Mr. Aravind 

  1. For all “perfect tenses” in passive voice “been” has to be written.

         Eg: (AV) Mr. Aravind has taught grammar

            (PV) Grammar has been taught by Mr. Aravind.

Ex: (AV) Rama eats a mango.

(PV) A mango is eaten by Ram. 

  1. (AV) Raman is eating a banana

(PV) A banana is being eaten by Raman 

  1. (AV) Raju has taken purse

(PV) Purse has been taken by raju

  1. (AV) Sita ate a mango

(PV) A mango was eaten by sita

  1. (AV) Rishi was preparing for exams

(PV) Exams was being prepared by rishi

  1. (AV) Gita had given her book

(PV) Book had been given to gita

  1. (AV) they will sell TVS

(PV) TVS will be sold by them 

  1. (AV) All friends will have attended the birthday party

(PV) Birthday party will have been attended by them 

  1. (AV) I pleased my master

(PV) My master was pleased by me

  1. (AV) I annoyed him

(PV) He was annoyed by me 

  1. (AV) She has shut the door.

(PV) the door has been shut by her.

  1. (AV) There is no room to let

(PV) the door has been shut by her

13(AV) I do not know him

(PV) he is not known to me

14(AV) This can contains milk

(PV) Milk is contained in this can

While changing “Imperative sentence from Active voice to passive voice “let” has to be used, For orders ‘let’, for request- you are requested, for advice- you are advised has to be used in passive voice.       

  1. (AV) Keep the house clean

(PV) let the house be kept clean 

  1. (AV) Open the door

(PV) let the door be opened

17(AV) Do not insult the weak

(PV) let the weak be not insulted 

18 (AV) Congratulate him

(PV) let him be congratulated 

19(AV) Elect an efficient leader

(PV) Let an efficient leader be elected 

20(AV) your conduct surprises me

(PV) I am surprised at your conduct

21(AV) Give the order

(PV) let the order be given


0 Dislike
Follow 2

Please Enter a comment



Tanvi | 22/03/2017

Interesting lesson Malati. Good Job.

3 0

Other Lessons for You

Possessive Nouns
A Possessive Noun shows belonging, or something that is yours or someone else’s. Examples: The house that belongs to Diana = Diana’s house The car that belongs to James = James’s...

How to build up the confidence of speaking in English ?
Dear Friends, Very few students can study in posh convent schools and learn accented English. Most of the Indian youth have studied English as a 2nd Langauge and that too not very seriously as our daily...

common english idioms
1. ‘The best of both worlds’ – means you can enjoy two different opportunities at the same time. “By working part-time and looking after her kids two days a week she managed to...

Adjectives -
Adjectives An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun. It helps us define a noun more. Few examples of Adjectives are - Cold, Beautiful, Big, Black etc. There are mainly two types...

Learn Basics of English
In this video, learn about the basics of the English Language. Topics discussed are - Parts of Speech | Noun | Verb | Adjective | Adverb | Pronoun | Preposition | Conjunction | Interjection.

Looking for Spoken English Classes?

The best tutors for Spoken English Classes are on UrbanPro

  • Select the best Tutor
  • Book & Attend a Free Demo
  • Pay and start Learning

Learn Spoken English with the Best Tutors

The best Tutors for Spoken English Classes are on UrbanPro

This website uses cookies

We use cookies to improve user experience. Choose what cookies you allow us to use. You can read more about our Cookie Policy in our Privacy Policy

Accept All
Decline All

UrbanPro.com is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 55 lakh students rely on UrbanPro.com, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using UrbanPro.com, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 7.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on UrbanPro.com. Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more