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DNA replication

Soma Sarkar
28 Jul 0 0

It means making copies or duplication.

In prokaryotes, it is performed in the cytoplasm, in Eukaryotes nucleus. 

It can be divided into three steps.

Initiation

Elongation

Termination

Many enzymes and proteins are needed like

Helicase to break hydrogen bonds and unzip, RNA primer to initiate replication.DNA polymerase to add new nucleotides, as primer goes from 5 to 3 and new nucleotides add on three prime. so this strand is leading strand, and the opposite of it will be lagging as short Okazaki fragments are formed,

At last to stop exonuclease comes to remove primer and ligase joined all remaining points.

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