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Lesson Posted on 24/01/2019 Photography/Basics of Photography

Things to Keep in Mind While Photographing

Ronish Baxter

Ronish Baxter - More than 5 years of experience as a wildlife and nature photographer. I have been part...

Illumination: The secret of good photos is hidden in good light. Very bright light is not perfect for bright sunlight, while the dim light will be bad for landscape photography. The one whose photo is to be pulled, his face is towards the light. It would be better not to have a direct view of the front.... read more

Illumination: The secret of good photos is hidden in good light. Very bright light is not perfect for bright sunlight, while the dim light will be bad for landscape photography. The one whose photo is to be pulled, his face is towards the light. It would be better not to have a direct view of the front. While taking pictures at the open space, the sun should be towards your back. Choose the time of day when the lights are neither too fast nor too little.

Frame composition: The second important thing to take care of frame composition while taking photos. Make sure there are not too many things in the frame. It will distract from the main theme of the picture. Also, keep in mind that which angle will fit according to the scene. Try those other unnecessary things like electric wires are not captured in the photo. Notice that some things are not spoiling the beauty of your frame and also see what makes the picture more beautiful as the frame can be enhanced by keeping flowers in the background.

Law of Third: The third main thing is called 'law of third', that is, always split the frame into three parts with the help of vertical and parallel lines and place the main elements of the photo where the lines are cutting each other. Do not put a single character in the centre. The characters look good in the right and left parts of the centre.

Beautifying Elements: Find such symmetries, curves, textures, and colours that can create a particular thing in your photo. These elements can increase the beauty of your picture. For example, the wood texture looks beautiful in the background of the portrait.

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Lesson Posted on 19/01/2019 Photography/Basics of Photography

Branches in Photography

Ronish Baxter

Ronish Baxter - More than 5 years of experience as a wildlife and nature photographer. I have been part...

There are also different branches of photography in which you can make a career - Advertising or fashion photography - this branch of photography has immense potential of career. Every Ad Agency requires skilled photographers. At the same time, fashion photography is also a part of this, but in this,... read more

There are also different branches of photography in which you can make a career -

Advertising or fashion photography - this branch of photography has immense potential of career. Every Ad Agency requires skilled photographers. At the same time, fashion photography is also a part of this, but in this, the beauty of the apparel is highlighted.

Art and Film photography - In this section of photography and photography, there is a lot of demand for professional photographers. From the beginning of the film making to its performance, all activities are captured in the camera.

-Science or technique Photography- There is a lot of scope in this branch of photography today, there is a lot of demand for photography from technology to medical science.

-Wild Life Photography - This category of photography, filled with adventure, requires many professionals every year. Everybody who learns photography will try his hand at wildlife photography

- Photo Journalism - If you have the art of writing with photography, then you can make a great career in this branch of photography. Media institutions require many photojournalists every year.


You need to know about lights in photography. Bright sunlight or sharp light is not considered correct for a photographer, whereas landscape is impoverished for low light illumination for a photograph. It is necessary to put the light on the object that is to be photographed. If you want to photograph in the open space, then that time of the day should be chosen when there is a moderate light.

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Lesson Posted on 19/01/2019 Photography/Basics of Photography

What are image Sensors in the Camera?

Ronish Baxter

Ronish Baxter - More than 5 years of experience as a wildlife and nature photographer. I have been part...

The image sensor in the camera is usually connected with pixels, but it is not. Any information that comes with the camera lens is recorded on the image sensor. The larger the image sensor the picture will be as good. You can also understand it as to why the DSLR camera makes a bigger picture than the... read more

 The image sensor in the camera is usually connected with pixels, but it is not. Any information that comes with the camera lens is recorded on the image sensor. The larger the image sensor the picture will be as good. You can also understand it as to why the DSLR camera makes a bigger picture than the camera of the same megapixel camera. Because the big sensor is used in it, you must have heard the name of the CCD in the DSLR camera. Three CCD Image Sensors are used in a good quality camera. Today the smartphone camera manufacturer also mention the censors.

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Answered on 07/03/2018 Photography/Basics of Photography

Which is the best Polarising Filter for Sony RX-10 Mark III, Kenko or Hoya?

Sachin G.

Photographer and Photoshop Expert

Hoya because they are in this for long. Their glad quality is good. The coating they use is proprietary. Kenko, I am not sure.
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Lesson Posted on 24/01/2018 Photography Photography/Basics of Photography Landscape Photography Classes

What F-Number Should I Shoot At?

Sachin Sagane

I am a software project manager by profession and a photographer by passion. I started my photography...

We often wonder as what Aperture value I should set, while taking a photo. Here are some really quick tips to help you there. These are of course not hard rule as photography is art and everything here boils down to your creative choice and imagination: 1. Lower F-number such as f/1.4, f/1.8, or f/2.8... read more

We often wonder as what Aperture value I should set, while taking a photo. Here are some really quick tips to help you there. These are of course not hard rule as photography is art and everything here boils down to your creative choice and imagination:

1. Lower F-number such as f/1.4, f/1.8, or f/2.8 produces shallow/narrow Depth of Field(DOF) and bigger F-numbers such as f/8, f/11, f/16 produces larger Depth of field.

2. To get candid portraiture shots, try to use minimum F-number you have got on your lens. This will give you a nice out of focus background (Bokeh). 

3. If you are doing a group/family shot, then try to go for somewhere between f/5 to f/9 by evaluating the light available and number of people in the shot. As shallow depth of field may throw people standing backward rows out of focus. 

4. If you are shooting a landscapes, then try for higher F-number such as f/9 to f/16 based on how much foreground, mid-ground and background you want in focus. Higher F-numbers would give you end to end sharpness (acceptable if not razor sharp). If possible try to stay away from highest F-numbers on your lens, as that might produce a softer image. 

5. If you are doing a street photos in night and you are going after star burst effect, then try to shoot at any F-number more than F/11 and above. 

6. And finally, every lens has a sweet spot, where it produces sharpest image. Its different for different lenses, but for most of the lenses its f/8 or f/9 ish. If you are not so keen on DOF and just want your images to be crisp while you are do running and gunning, you may stick to your lens's sweet spot. You may google to find the exact sweet spot for your lens and experiment from there to find really specific number just for your lens. 

7. There are countless number of scenarios you may encounter, which I did not mention here. I leave that to your creativity and knowledge of photography techniques. However most of usual situation should be covered by above guidelines.

Hope it helps you find the F-number you shoot next time.

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Lesson Posted on 24/01/2018 Photography/Basics of Photography Photography/Candid Photography

Achieving "Out Of Focus Background" Or "Bokeh"

Sachin Sagane

I am a software project manager by profession and a photographer by passion. I started my photography...

We often see candid photos from professional photographers with nice blurred background, separating subject from the background. It’s also called as "Bokeh". This technic is often used in Portraiture. The question that would arise is, "How do I achieve out of focus background/Bokeh? Can I achieve... read more

We often see candid photos from professional photographers with nice blurred background, separating subject from the background. It’s also called as "Bokeh". This technic is often used in Portraiture.

The question that would arise is, "How do I achieve out of focus background/Bokeh? Can I achieve this with my existing gear?"

Even before we go there, we need to understand the concept of Depth of Field (DOF), which is the distance in front and behind the subject we are photographing, in which things are acceptably sharp, if not tack sharp. 

The equation is, Lesser the DOF, more is the Bokeh/out of focus background, which means the goal is to achieve least DOF here. 

DOF highly depends on the Aperture of the lens. Bigger the aperture, i.e. lesser the F-number, shallower would be the DOF. This means, at smaller F-numbers, you should be able to achieve good blurred background. The kit lenses however usually could stop down only minimum of F3.5/F5.6, that’s why you don’t see the background going much blurred or out of focus, as for both Aperture numbers, the DOF is not that shallow. Using faster lenses, i.e. lenses which can stop down to lesser Aperture numbers, such as F1.8, F1.4 or F1.2 etc., could help produce out of focus background/Bokeh easily. However, that comes with huge cost, as these fast lenses tend to be very costly. F1.8 is still near to the budget of a kit lens, which could be good choice if you are after good Bokeh in the budget. Ex: 50mm f/1.8, 35mm f/1.8 or 85mm f/1.8  

What if I don’t have any of those? Can I still do something about it?

The answer would be, up to a certain extent "YES". The key here would be keeping Subject to Background distance more than the subject to Camera distance. As you go on increasing the Subject to Background distance more and more, you would see the background falling out of focus more and more for the same F-number. Rather than placing your subject right in front of a wall, you might want to have an open background. Angle is all it matters. Small change in angle to place your subject may give you huge separation between subject and the background. Next time you shoot, be aware of your background.

The DOF also depends on your lens's focal length. Let’s consider a kit lens 55-200mm. As you go on zooming in, keeping the aperture same let’s say f/6.3, you would see background at 200mm is much more out of focus than that at 55mm. Next time you shoot, try using the longest end of your lens and then step backward by your feet to get the required frame or composition. 

The last factor, but no way the least to affect DOF is the sensor size. However there is hardly anything you can do about it once you buy the camera. Bigger the sensor, lesser would be the DOF at the same F-number.

For example: at f/5.6 a Full Frame Sensor/FX Body camera (sensor size usually 36x24mm) would produce much shallower depth of field compared to a Crop Frame Sensor/DX Body camera (sensor size usually 1.5/1.6 smaller than Full Frame Sensor). However bigger the sensor, more is the cost. 

To sum it up, here is what affects DOF and so your Bokeh:

1) Sensor Size: Bigger the sensor, more the Bokeh.

2) Focal length: Bigger the Focal length, more the Bokeh.

3) Aperture setting: Bigger the Aperture i.e. smaller the Aperture number, more the Bokeh.

4) Distance: Subject to background distance should be more than subject to Camera distance. More the difference, more would be the Bokeh.

Point 1, 2 and 3 come with a cost but 4th is certainly you can do with little wiser choice of background and subject placement with your existing gears.

Try it out next time you shoot and let me know your experience.

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Lesson Posted on 22/12/2017 Photography/Basics of Photography

Basic Things About Photography

Dharmendra Pratap Singh

Fashion portfolio shoot .

1. A great camera will not make a great photograph unless its operated by a great photographer. 2. Beginners are absolutely capable of making great photographs if they have passion. 3. Read your camera manual several times. The answers to most of your early questions are in there. 4. Take pictures... read more

1. A great camera will not make a great photograph unless its operated by a great photographer.

2. Beginners are absolutely capable of making great photographs if they have passion.

3. Read your camera manual several times. The answers to most of your early questions are in there.

4. Take pictures of things that you know or care about.

5. Don’t try to learn everything all at once. You don’t have to become an expert photographer, post-processor and printer all in the same week.

6. If youve got less than a year under your belt don’t spend too much time fretting over your portfolio. It will change and when youve got more experience.

7. Don’t get hung up on things like workflow. Spend most of your time looking for light, learning to see and making photographs that matter.

8. Study the work of the true photographic masters. I am talking about people like Margaret Bourke-White, Alfred Stieglitz, Man Ray, Paul Strand, Henri Cartier-Bresson, and Edward Weston NOT the cool kids who have lots of likes on Facebook or Flickr.

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Answered on 08/01/2018 Photography/Basics of Photography Photography

Shajahan Achukatla

Photography Tutor/Trainer with 15 Years of Exp | Practical Exposure

You need to understand power triangle. ISO, Shutter, Aperture these are the elements of heart of Photography. These points makes the difference between your regular power shot cameras and DSLR. Coming to the tips and tricks, it depends on what is your area of focus with DSLR. Like Portrait, landscape,... read more
You need to understand power triangle. ISO, Shutter, Aperture these are the elements of heart of Photography. These points makes the difference between your regular power shot cameras and DSLR. Coming to the tips and tricks, it depends on what is your area of focus with DSLR. Like Portrait, landscape, candid .. etc. read less
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Lesson Posted on 26/10/2017 Photography/Basics of Photography Photography/Candid Photography Photography/Landscape Photography +4 Photographers Photography Photographers/Nature Photographers Photographers/Kids Photographers less

How To Improve Your Photography?

Jagdish Agarwal

I took his first photograph 50 years ago, with an Agfa box camera, gifted by his Uncle Phulchandji Agarwal....

How to improve your photography and take better photographs? 1. Read the camera manual from the first page to the last page.2. Always carry your camera, you never know when you see something interesting.3. Before you lift the camera to your eye, give a caption to the picture.4.... read more

How to improve your photography and take better photographs?                          

1. Read the camera manual from the first page to the last page.

2. Always carry your camera, you never know when you see something interesting.

3. Before you lift the camera to your eye, give a caption to the picture.

4. Go close, edit all clutter.

5. See light and follow the light.

6. See shapes and forms in your pictures, square, rectangle, circle, triangle.

7. See colors, cold colors, warm colors and what it is doing to your picture.

8. Look at the background textures and see what it is doing to your picture.

9. Look at the lines, vertical lines, diagonal lines, horizontal lines, S curve.

10. Look for repetitions and rhythms and patterns.

11. When photographing people look for emotions, hand gestures and shoot at the right moment.

12. Take a picture with shades of one color and one with a mix of all colors, and feel the difference.

13. Take a photo in black and white and see the difference.

14. Take a picture at minimum aperture and maximum aperture and see the difference.

15. Take a picture at different shutter speeds and see the difference.

16. Show your work to people around you and learn from their comments.

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Lesson Posted on 23/10/2017 Photography/Basics of Photography Photography/Candid Photography Photography +5 Photographers Photographers/Commercial Photographers Photographers/Family Photographers Photographers/Nature Photographers Photography/Landscape Photography less

Photography In Your Spare Time: Stock Photography

Jagdish Agarwal

I took his first photograph 50 years ago, with an Agfa box camera, gifted by his Uncle Phulchandji Agarwal....

How To Be A Successful Stock Photographer? There are two kinds of photographers: (a) Service photographers: Service photographers sell their time. They first find a buyer of photographs, convince them of their photography talent and solicit assignments. (b) Stock photographers: Stock photographers... read more

How To Be A Successful Stock Photographer?

There are two kinds of photographers:

(a) Service photographers: Service photographers sell their time. They first find a buyer of photographs, convince them of their photography talent and solicit assignments.

(b) Stock photographers: Stock photographers license photographs. They first shoot pictures of what they like and then try to find a buyer for those photographs. A stock photographer can market his photographs by two methods:

(i) Photo Library: A photo library is a place where thousands of photographs taken by hundreds of photographers are kept. It is like a book library. If a photographer chooses a photo library to keep his work then he can concentrate on the creative and artistic aspect of taking photographs and leave the marketing to the photo library. Every time a picture is licensed, the photographer gets a royalty payment.

(ii) Himself: But if a photographer wants to market his photographs himself, then he must answer the following:

What, Where, When & Why. If the photographer answers these honestly, he will know how to succeed in his photography career.

The answers to the following will be different for each one of you, so each one has to answer himself:

1. What: You must decide what you are selling: news, portraits, fashion, industry, still life, function, fine art.

2. Where: You must decide where you want to sell: newspapers, magazines, companies, homes, offices, industries, greeting card manufacturers, calendar manufacturers, art galleries, hotels.

3. When: You must decide when you want sell: daily, weekly(every saturday), every performance (theatre, circus), holidays, wedding season, greeting card season, calendar season, one location (tourist centre,shopping mall, zoo, wedding halls, convention centres) etc.

4. Why: You must decide why you want to sell: for name or money.

I assure you that if you take a few moments to answer these questions, you will know how to be a successful stock photographer.

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