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Articles( indifinite- A,An)

Manika G.
26/11/2019 0 0

ARTICLES

Articles are tiny words that precede the noun.

FOR EXAMPLE:
1. Please give me THE phone on the table. .....specific
2. I need A phone. ..... non-specific

Articles types
Definite ....The
Indefinite ....A,An

INDEFINITE ARTICLES
● General thing refers to non-specific.
For eg.
I want to buy A car.
(Different types of car and don't know which one I want)
2. I need A stamp paper for this latter.
(General)
3. There is A book in my bag.
● Something very first time.

1. There is A lion. The lion is big.
2. I need A book, the book is fascinating.

● Person's profession
1. He is A firefighter.
2. She is A singer.
(Use of singular noun (countable)
There are a doctor✖
• she is a doctor ✔
Mike asked her for an advice.✖( uncountable).
•Mike asked for advice.✔

A vs An
A: constant sound
a book, a singer, a doctor
An : vowel sound( a, e, i ,o,u)
An idea, an elephant

Exceptions :
Sound- main focus not the first letter.
Pronunciation matters.
A,An - an university (ju)✖
a university ✔
A M.B.A or an m.b.a ( em)
a U.R.L or an url ( ju)

● INDEFINITE ARTICLES + ADJECTIVES
Article come before adjectives, followed by a singular , countable noun.
For example.
A man ......a generous man.
A book......an interesting book.
A watch.......an expensive watch.

● It is not used if no noun after the adjective.
• The cat (noun) is black(adj.)
It's a black cat.
• The house is big.
It's a big house.

● Indifinite article + adverb+ adjective.
Before adverb followed by a noun
1st sound of adverb it depends.
A generous man.
An unbelievable generous man.

An interesting book.
a very interesting book.

● use indefinite article followed by adverb such, quite.
Mr Gupta is a such great teacher.✖
Mr Gupta is such a great teacher. ✔

Time is a quite delicious apple.✖
Time is quite a delicious apple.✔

● INDEFINITE + Countable noun
For example. :
♤ uncountable nouns:
◇Liquids( water, tea,coffee, milk)
◇Bulk food ( salt, sugar)
◇Abstract ideas( information, motivation, advice)
◇Feelings ( live, anger, happiness)
◇Natural phenomenon (rain,snow,sunshine , fog)
◇ Collective noun( luggage, furniture, money)
◇ Material ( paper, iron, glass)

Uncountable noun_ we use _ some exact measurement
Like A cup of, A pinch of
Please give me such some water.
Please give me a bottle of water.

Would you like some coffee?
Would you like a cup of coffee?

● some noun both countable and uncountable depending on the context.
Example.:
◇We have been to London four times.
(Countable specific event)
◇ I didn't have time to complete task .( uncountable)

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