What is the difference in General election and By election?

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General Election: happened after a certain period of time. Like after every 5 years in case of India. By-election: happens after some seat fall vacant due to death of or resignation of elected member.


General elections are held when there is a need to form new Lok sabha or state assembly. Whereas By elections are held when someone from lok sabha or state assembly dies or if there exists any vacancy. General - every 5 years and By before 6 months from the day seat became vacant.


General elections are the elections which are commonly organized in all constituencies at the same time of the country or state and by elections refers to the election held in one constituency for the seat vacant owing to the death or resignation of the member.

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General election is an election which occurs in a regular interval of time . By election also called bye-election occurs when a vacancy occurs between general election.

General election is one in which occurs as usual manner in state as because of the end of five year of a party rule but by election is one in which it occurs as because some reasons like sudden death of an MLA it occur in an unusual time due to this reason.

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General election is when election are hels in all constituencies either in the same day of within few days, whereas by election is conducted in particular constituencies when the seat become empty due to death or resignation of the previous candidate.

BE, R V College Of Engineering, Bangalore.

A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.


The most important difference between general elections and bye-elections is that General elections are conducted with an aim of choosing the government. As against, Bye-elections are carried on with a purpose of filling the seat that falls vacant, after the demise or resignation of the incumbent.

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