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Answered on 03/08/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching

Santhoshini S

10 years of experience in handling tuitions of mathematics and science for CBSE,ICSE students.

YES NEED COACHING BECAUSE TO TRAIN OUR MIND FOR THAT STREAM
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Asked on 25/06/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching

How is/was your experience of the UPSC coaching in Delhi?

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Asked on 25/06/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching

What are the harsh realities of the top UPSC coaching institutes?

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Asked on 25/06/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching

Which is the worst IAS coaching in Delhi?

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Asked on 25/06/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching

What are the timings for IAS coaching?

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Lesson Posted on 21/05/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching

Pradhan mantri matru vandana yojana

Anantha Reshmi

I a a mentor / guide for upsc aspirants. Teaching is my passion, those who really eed to crack the...

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY): ○ It is a Maternity Benefit Programme that is implemented in all the districts of the country in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013. ○ It is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD). ○ Type:... read more

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY):

○ It is a Maternity Benefit Programme that is implemented in all the districts of the country in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.

○ It is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD).

○ Type: It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme

○ Objectives:
1. To provide partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare.
2. To provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.
3. To breastfeed the child during the first six months of the birth. As it is very vital the development of the child.

○ Beneficiaries: Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) who have their pregnancy on or after 1st January 2017 are eligible. The cash incentive of 5,000 is payable in three instalments for the first live birth.

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Lesson Posted on 14/02/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching +3 Civil Services (Mains) Coaching UPSC Exams Coaching IPS (Indian Police Service) ExamCoaching

Governance of India

Yashwanth

I'm a graduate from NIT....I've been tutoring students past 2 years...I started teaching as a hobby later...

Governance is the Exercise of political, economic, administrative authority to manage a Nation's affairs It is the Process of decision making and process by which decisions are implemented 8 core characteristics of Governance Transparency Accountability Responsiveness Equity Rule of law Consensus... read more

Governance is the Exercise of political, economic, administrative authority to manage a Nation's affairs

It is the Process of decision making and process by which decisions are implemented

8 core characteristics of Governance

  • Transparency 
  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Equity
  • Rule of law
  • Consensus oriented
  • Efficient
  • Participatory

Good governance

Positive attributes and values for holistic and integrated development of a Nation. It enables, authorises people opinion

Government initiatives

  1. 73rd and 74th amendments
  2. e-governance 
  3. corruption act
  4. RTI
  5. Citizen Charter
  6. social auditing

Issues

  1. political issues - criminalisation of politics ,favouritism , crony capitalism
  2. Legal issues - pendency of cases, delay in cases vacancy of posts, costly affair A
  3. Administrative issues - bureaucratic delays, corruption, resistance to change
  4. Social and environmental issues - social exclusion ,little opportunities, pollution
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Lesson Posted on 14/02/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching +3 UPSC Exams Coaching Civil Services (Mains) Coaching IPS (Indian Police Service) ExamCoaching

Civil services and their role in India

Yashwanth

I'm a graduate from NIT....I've been tutoring students past 2 years...I started teaching as a hobby later...

Civil service Rules determine the administrative body of officials roles. They have a Hierarchical structure selected through competence Role of civil services implementing laws and policies policy formulation continuity in office Spread Nationhood Uplift democracy socio-economic development Issues corruption crony... read more

Civil service

  • Rules determine the administrative body of officials roles.
  • They have a Hierarchical structure 
  • selected through competence

Role of civil services

  1. implementing laws and policies
  2. policy formulation
  3. continuity in office
  4. Spread Nationhood
  5. Uplift democracy
  6. socio-economic development

Issues

  1. corruption
  2. crony capitalism
  3. political interference 
  4. conservative Outlook
  5. Focus more on internal processes than results
  6. red-tapism 
  7. Arbitrary transfers

Measures

  1. simple rules
  2. action-oriented approach
  3. Use of creativity
  4. decentralization
  5. attitudinal change 
  6. use of internet technology

Two and ARC recommendations

  1. annual scrutiny of performance
  2. inefficient,non-performing officers should be weeded out

Government initiatives 

  1. 2nd ARC recommendations
  2. Civil service conduct rules
  3. Prevention of Corruption Act
  4. Mission Karmayogi
  5. PRAGATI

 

 

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Lesson Posted on 14/02/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching +3 IPS (Indian Police Service) ExamCoaching UPSC Exams Coaching Civil Services (Mains) Coaching

Sample Answer Writing Approach by Kritika Kaushik

Kritika Kaushik

Political Science and International Relations expert. Experience in teaching students for UGC NET UPSC,...

SAMPLE ANSWER WRITING APPROACH Kritika Kaushik 1. Comment: Liberalism as hegemony and socialism as counter-hegemony. (10 Marks) Antonio Gramsci was an Italian Marxist who wanted to explain the resilience of capitalism and suggest a counter proletariat strategy against the same in his ‘Prison... read more

SAMPLE ANSWER WRITING APPROACH

Kritika Kaushik

1. Comment: Liberalism as hegemony and socialism as counter-hegemony. (10 Marks)

 

Antonio Gramsci was an Italian Marxist who wanted to explain the resilience of capitalism and suggest a counter proletariat strategy against the same in his ‘Prison Notebooks’. He explains that capitalism prevents any revolutionary upsurge against it through persisting ‘hegemony’.  

According to Gramsci, hegemony is a condition in which the bourgeoisie exercises a political, intellectual, and moral role of leadership and organizes consent of the proletariat by representing the ‘universal interests of the whole society. Gramsci doesn’t fall for the temptation of economic determinism as his predecessors did, which brings us to his emphasis on the superstructure.  

 Moreover, Gramsci did not view the superstructure as an epiphenomenon of the base; rather, the class struggle takes place within the superstructure according to him; so, he explains that the superstructure has to work in a manner in order to perpetuate the economic base. Therefore, politics, public opinion, media, schools, religion, culture, etc., are organized by the bourgeoisie to form favourable conditions for a class compromise.  

Consequently, hegemony is completed when there is the unity of economic hegemony (bourgeois mode of production), political hegemony (i.e., bourgeois democracy) and ideological hegemony (“corporate consciousness”), which Gramsci calls ‘historical bloc’.  

A crisis of bourgeois hegemony occurs in the face of a rupture of this ensemble. E.g. outbreak of war when the bourgeoisie’s productive power reduces along with a reduction in their ability to reproduce grounds for a class compromise. Since this crisis is not enough for the breakdown of the capitalist order, Gramsci calls for:

 

  1.  War of position- counter-hegemony by Gramsci’s ‘organic intellectuals’ who will organize a popular national collective 

War of manoeuvre- overthrow through means of coercion Gramsci’s theory of hegemony is much relevant as Lenin used intellectuals as the vanguard for revolution. Even in contemporary narratives, the role of intellectuals becomes important to unravel the truth and distinguish it from post-truth.

2. Explain Gramsci’s concept of extended state. (15 Marks)

 

Gramsci’s work - ‘Prison Notebooks’ and his observation of the Soviet Union, broadens the classic Marxist theory of the state with his extended state by identifying the element of ‘private apparatuses of hegemony’, which led him to distinguish two essential spheres within superstructures.   

The state comprises two main spheres: i. political society (‘the state in the narrow sense’ or ‘coercive state’), comprising the legal monopoly of the bourgeoisie through acts of repression and violence, and controlled by the executive and police-military bureaucracies; and ii. civil society, or a structure of legitimation compromising of components such as the school system, churches, political parties, unions, professional organizations, the material organization of culture (magazines, newspapers, publishing-houses, mass-media), and so on.   

Together, both form ‘the State (in its integral meaning: dictatorship + hegemony)’, and each sphere has materiality of its own. At the same time, political society has its material bearers in the repressive instruments of the state. Gramsci called the material bearers of civil society the ‘private apparatuses of hegemony’ - voluntary social collective organisms relatively autonomous in the face of political society. Such relative autonomy makes civil society a sphere in its own right, possessing its own legality and working as a necessary mediation between the economic structure and the coercive state.   

In contrast to Marx’s idea of withering away of the state, for Gramsci, an extinction of state meant the gradual disappearance of the mechanisms of coercion, that is, ‘the re-absorption of political society into civil society. Advances in the construction of socialism (by organic intellectuals) would cause the social functions of domination and coercion to open up more and more room for counter-hegemony and consensus. Gramsci wrote- “stationary” must not be abandoned to itself...It must be criticized” such that conditions are created wherein the distinction between the ruler and the ruled is gradually eliminated.   

Therefore, Gramscian extended theory is a position that runs against the Stalinist idea, according to which the coercive state had to strengthen itself as much as possible during the whole period of the transition to communism. His emphasis on the role of civil society is an important contribution if taken with a pinch of salt because, in present-day democracies, civil society forms the 5th pillar of democracy.    

 

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Lesson Posted on 18/01/2022 Learn IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Coaching +3 UPSC Exams Coaching IPS (Indian Police Service) ExamCoaching Civil Services (Mains) Coaching

Bank consolidation / Merger of Banks

Yashwanth

I'm a graduate from NIT....I've been tutoring students past 2 years...I started teaching as a hobby later...

Bank consolidation / merger of banks Converting two or more banks as one big bank is called as bank merger or bank consolidation Example : Dena, Vijaya bank merged with Bank of Baroda benefits Indian banks will get oppurtunity to enter into top 50 Global banks better in risk management Wide range... read more

Bank consolidation / merger of banks

Converting two or more banks as one big bank is called as bank merger or bank consolidation

Example : Dena, Vijaya bank merged with Bank of Baroda

benefits

  • Indian banks will get oppurtunity to enter into top 50 Global banks
  • better in risk management
  • Wide range of Customer services
  • more profits
  • improve regulation of by RBI
  • saves money as few jobs are taken away

Challenges

  • Loss of jobs
  • If a big bank crumble shooks entire economy
  • interest rate increase
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