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SPANISH CONJUGATION: The present tense

Pishu Budhrani
14 Feb 0 0

SPANISH CONJUGATION: The present tense

 

 

In Spanish, there are three groups of verbs: 

 

1st group: verbs that end with AR

 

2nd group: verbs that end with ER

 

3rd group: verbs that end with IR

 

There are also pronominal verbs that end in SE

 

 

         

Hablar

to talk

Aprender

to learn

Vivir

to live

Llamarse

to call 

 

   yo

Hablo

aprendo

vivo

 me llamo

 

   tú

hablas

aprendes

vives

 te llamas

 

   él,ella,usted

habla

aprende

vive

 se llama

 

  nosotros,nosotras

hablamos

aprendemos

vivimos

 nos llamamos

 

  vosotros,vosotras

habláis

aprendéis

vivís

 os llamáis

 

  ellos,ellas,ustedes

hablan

aprenden

viven

 se llaman

 

  

 

 

In the 1st group, in the present tense, verbs end with O, AS, A, AMOS, ÁIS, AN

 

In the 2nd group, in the present tense, verbs end with O, ES, E, EMOS, ÉIS, EN.

 

In the 3rd group, in the present tense, verbs end with O, ES, E, IMOS, ÍS, EN.

 

Notes: in all groups, for the 2nd person in plural, there is an accent: á – é – í 

 

Llamar is to call – Llamarse is literally to be called: Me llamo.....: my name is...

 

Learn some regular verbs:

 

AR: HABLAR (to talk) – CANTAR (to sing) – ANDAR (to walk) – ACCEPTAR (to accept) – BAILAR (to dance)

 

ER: COMER (to eat) – BARRER (to sweep) – BEBER (to drink) – COMPRENDER (to understand) – CORRER (to run) - 

 

IR: ABRIR (to open) – DECIDIR (to decide) – DESCRIBIR (to describe) – APLAUDIR (to applaud) – ASISTIR (to attend)

 

 

E X E R C I C E

 

Fill up the blanks with the right verb. 

Translate

 

      1

Estos chicos …............. (vivir) en Francia

  

 

  2

Tú …............. (hablar) alemán

  

 

  3

Vosotros …............. (llevar) una camiseta azul

  

 

  4

Las profesoras …............. (entender) a los alumnos

  

 

  5

Una niña …............. (caminar) por la calle

  

 

  6

Este chico se …............. (llamar) Toni

  

 

  7

Nestor …............. (bailar) muy bien

  

 

  8

Esta casa …............. (existir) desde un siglo

  

 

  9

Yo …............. (vender) Flores

  

 

  10

Nosotros …............. (escribir) un libro

  

 

  11

Usted …............. (comer) pan

  

 

  12

Yo no …............. (necesitar) nada

  

 

  13

El Nunca …............. (escribir)

  

 

  14

Usted …............. (comprar) vino

  

 

  15

Mi mujer …............. (conducir) bien

  

 

  16

El presidente …............. (presidir) el consejo

  

 

  17

Juan …............. (Beber) Leche

  

 

  18

Ustedes …............. (aplaudir) los actores

  

 

  19

La policía …............ (vigilar) por la seguridad

  

 

  20

El hombre y la mujer …........... (comer) juntos

  

 

   

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