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German Modalverbs

Gayatri T.
22/12/2017 0 0

Modalverben:

Modal verbs in German are used in much the same way as they are in English. Notice the close resemblance between these English and German sentence pairs, with the modal verb in bold: I must do it. / Ich muss es tun. - Can you go? / Kannst du gehen?

Below is a chart with the six German modal verbs and their meanings. Note that each modal verb has two basic forms, a singular form and a plural form:

Modal Verbs:

 

müssen

dürfen

können

wollen

sollen

mögen

möchten

 

*ich

muß

darf

kann

will

soll

mag

möchte

I

du

mußt

darfst

kannst

willst

sollst

magst

möchtest

you

*er/sie/

es

muß

darf

kann

will

soll

mag

möchte

he/she/it

Singular/ Plural:

*wir

müssen

dürfen

können

wollen

sollen

mögen

möchten

we

ihr

müsst

dürft

könnt

wollt

sollt

mögt

möchtet

you

*sie

müssen

dürfen

können

wollen

sollen

mögen

möchten

they

*Sie

müssen

dürfen

können

wollen

sollen

mögen

möchten

You

 

must
have to

may
allowed
permitted

can
able

want to

should
ought
supposed to

like

would like to

 

Exercises:

  1. Warum du nicht mitkommen? (can)

  2. Er nicht so viel rauchen. (may not)

  3. Sie sehr gut Tennis spielen. (can)

  4. Ich jetzt nach Hause. (want )

  5. Was ihr essen? (like to)

  6. Was Sie trinken? (like to)

  7. Wir nur samstags in die Disco gehen. (can)

  8. Du Pizza? (want/like)

  9. Den letzten Schritt du gehen allein. ( should)

  10. Ich mit dir gehen. Komm, gib mir deine Hand. (want)

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