UrbanPro

Find the best tutors and institutes for Dance

Find Best Dance classes

Please select a Category.

Please select a Locality.

No matching category found.

No matching Locality found.

Outside India?

Search for topics

https://www.urbanpro.com/a/wp-content/plugins/wordpress-23-related-posts-plugin/static/thumbs/21.jpg Dance
UrbanPro
https://www.facebook.com/UrbanProApp https://twitter.com/urbanproapp

Dance and Rhythm -- Kathak, the Dance of the Storytellers

Kathak comes from the north Indian state of Uttarpradesh. The story behind the name takes us back to the 13th century, where the dance is believed to have evolved to its present state. Prior to that period, Kathak was a simple dance accompaniment of the storytellers or the kathakas, who entertained the audience with stories from the Ramayana, Mahabharata and folklores. Brief History of Kathak When the Mughals invaded India in 15th century, they lured the storytellers with exotic gifts to perform for the royals. Hence, to suit the needs of the royalty, the kathakas changed their simple dance style into an intricate mime composed of emotion-filled pieces of the nritya and pure dance movements of the nritta. This created two distinct branches of the dance: one that had more of Persian influence and the other that was the rustic temple style. The court style dance focused more on technique with rhythmic and complex footwork, to please the eyes of the durbaris with less emphasis on the emotion, while the temple version was more soul rendering and emotional, conveying the mythological stories in a heart warming way. During the British Raj there was a sharp decline in popularity for the dance as it was banished as being vulgar and tabooed as the dance of the prostitutes. However, in the post independent era, the dance revived with full vigor to join the list of the eight classical dances of India. Gharanas There are 3 main schools or gharanas, each of which has given Kathak a distinct variation. There is also a minor 4th school, all of which are described below. Lucknow gharana Lucknow school of Kathak emerged in the 19th century in the court of Wajid Ali Shah and has more of Muslim influence. The school places immense importance on nazakkat or elegance and grace and abhinaya or expressions. The chakkadar or the fast spins using the foot is of shorter duration compared to other schools. The costume is chudidar or tight pants, hugging the legs, a kameez that flares out during the spinning and a dupatta that covers the head, shoulders and the torso. Jaipur gharana This school evolved from the temple Kathak and places more importance on the technical aspect of the dance with elaborate and complex footwork, multiple spins and a grand Tarana. The costume is long skirt and blouse instead of the chudidar-kameez, while the dupatta drapes the shoulders and torso. Banaras gharana Here, the chakkar or the spins are both clockwise and anti clockwise, though quite less in number and repetition compared to the Jaipur gharana. There are subtle differences in the opening sequence or Thaat. It is characterized by Natwari bol or syllables. Natwari bol are different from the usual bols of the percussions instruments, namely tabla and pakhawaj. It is said that the founder of this style, Janaki Prasad, picked up the syllables from Samaveda. There are totally 12 natwari bol compositions. This style of dance is more popular in Bikaner than in Banaras. Raigarh gharana Raigarh gharana is a fusion of all the features of the above three schools, thereby creating a unique Kathak dance form. Repertoire Kathak has very specific repertoire. First is the thaat or the entrance of the dancer on to the stage followed by aamad or salami, which is basically salutations to the audience. This is followed by various pieces of dances, each more complex and quicker than the previous. The salient feature of Kathak is it is virtually danced upright, with absolutely no bending of knees in any form. The axis of the dancer is absolutely straight, with only the hands stretching out and folding back in to convey emotion. The most spectacular part of the dance is the spinning that takes years of practice to perfect. The dance sequence ends with tarana, which is the most technical aspect of the entire repertoire. Learning Kathak Kathak does not involve any contortion of body at odd angles, whatsoever. This is an advantage for those seeking to learn Kathak at a later stage. However, the dance does take minimum of 6 to 8 years to master and further more to interpret and explore. Choosing the gharana depends on your understanding of the dance and in simpler terms, your location and availability of the teacher. No gharana is better or worse than the other is and the dance must be first viewed as an art. Kathak as a career Kathak is offered as a undergraduate and post graduate course in institutions such as Gansharva Mahavidyalaya, Mumbai, Prayag Sangeet Samiti and many more university dedicated to teaching art forms. As a professional dancer you can give stage performances, join a troupe and perform in various cities/countries or start your own dance school and educate the posterity. Related useful links: Kathak dance classes in India Kathak dance classes in Bangalore Kathak dance classes in Mumbai Kathak dance classes in Delhi Classical dance classes in India Further reading and references Comparison of Kathak and Bharatanatyam: http://www.indiaheritage.org/perform/kathak.htm Kathak Repertoire: http://www.webindia123.com/dances/Kathak/repertoire1.htm

Comments

Share your thoughts with the community or ask a question

Recommended Articles

The melting pot of cultural India offers more than 15 different dance forms. No other culture can boast of so many different dance forms as India. Classical and folk dances of India According to the Sangeet Natak Academy, which is the governing body for theatre arts and dance, there are 8 principle Indian dance forms....

Read full article >

When it comes to the wedding sangeet of your own or of your friend or the naughtiest cousin of the family - each of us wants to perform the best. Any dance performance depends on three factors - costume, practice and last but not the least, the song you select. Deciding music and songs for a music is indeed a tough call...

Read full article >

Punjab is one of those vibrant Indian states whose people and culture are both equally warm and effervescent. One of the cultural gifts of Punjab to the world is their folk dance, Bhangra. It is essentially dance of the men, while the women have their own version called gidda. Sticking with Bhangra, it was virtually...

Read full article >

One this Teacher's day - We feature India's best teachers and trainers across different fields. We're proud to feature Mr Shiamak Davar as India's prominent and arguably the best Dance Trainer. Shiamak has not just been a great performer but a fantastic trainer and teacher for thousands of budding dancers. He has gone...

Read full article >

Now ask question in any of the 1000+ Categories, and get Answers from Tutors and Trainers on UrbanPro.com

Ask a Question

Looking for Dance classes?

Find best Dance classes in your locality on UrbanPro.

Are you a Tutor or Training Institute?

Join UrbanPro Today to find students near you

How helpful was it?

How can we Improve it?

Please tell us how it changed your life *

Please enter your feedback

Please enter your question below and we will send it to our tutor communities to answer it *

Please enter your question

Please select your tags

Please select a tag

Name *

Enter a valid name.

Email *

Enter a valid email.

Email or Mobile Number: *

Please enter your email or mobile number

Sorry, this phone number is not verified, Please login with your email Id.

Password: *

Please enter your password

By Signing Up, you agree to our Terms of Use & Privacy Policy

Thanks for your feedback
X

Looking for Dance Classes?

Find best tutors for Dance Classes by posting a requirement.

  • Post a learning requirement
  • Get customized responses
  • Compare and select the best

Looking for Dance Classes?

Find best Dance Classes in your locality on UrbanPro

Post your learning requirement

UrbanPro.com is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 55 lakh students rely on UrbanPro.com, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using UrbanPro.com, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 7.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on UrbanPro.com. Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more