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What is Jhum cultivation? Where it is practiced?

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The word Jhum or Podu means shifting or slash and burn cultivation. It is one of the oldest practices of agriculture systems. It is known as Jhum in Northeastern India, Podu in Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and some southern Indian states. This form of agriculture is being practised by the tribals, and it is...
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The word Jhum or Podu means shifting or slash and burn cultivation. It is one of the oldest practices of agriculture systems. It is known as Jhum in Northeastern India, Podu in Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and some southern Indian states. This form of agriculture is being practised by the tribals, and it is one of the controversial farming systems because of opinions about its impact on the environment.

In this system, a patch of forest land is cleared by cutting trees, shrubs, bushes. During May and June, the entire field is set on fire, allowing the dried trees, shrubs and bushes to burn and the land is ploughed immediately after the first shower. It is believed that doing so improves the soil quality.

Grains are sown before the arrival of monsoon. All sort of indigenous seeds, including cereals,pulses, vegetables and oilseeds are just broadcasted and harvested periodically one by one crop.

Interestingly enough, once a patch of land is cultivated, they move to another piece of land in the next year, and the cycle continues.



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Qualified (Engg from NIT) & experienced mentor with 6+ yrs experience.

Jhum or Jhoom cultivation is a local name for slash and burn agriculture practiced by the tribal groups in the northeastern states of India like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland and also in the districts of Bangladesh like Khagrachari and Sylhet. This system involves clearing a piece...
read more
Jhum or Jhoom cultivation is a local name for slash and burn agriculture practiced by the tribal groups in the northeastern states of India like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland and also in the districts of Bangladesh like Khagrachari and Sylhet. This system involves clearing a piece of land by setting fire or clear felling and using the area for growing crops of agricultural importance such as upland rice, vegetables or fruits. After a few cycles, the land loses fertility and a new area is chosen. read less
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Teaching professional with 12 of teaching experience

Jhum cultivation, also known as the slash and burn agriculture, is the process of growing crops by first clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning them thereafter. The burnt soil contains potash which increases the nutrient content of the soil.Tribal groups in the northeastern Indian states...
read more
Jhum cultivation, also known as the slash and burn agriculture, is the process of growing crops by first clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning them thereafter. The burnt soil contains potash which increases the nutrient content of the soil.Tribal groups in the northeastern Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland and the Bangladeshi districts of Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban and Sylhet refer to slash-and-burn agriculture as jhum or jhoom cultivation. read less
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Tutor - 10 years of experience - engineering graduate

this system involves of setting up a fire for a piece of land to increase fertility of soil by increase potash but after some time it'll reduce the fertility..it is practiced in North Eastern Hilly Regions of India and Bangladesh too
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Mathematics

Jhum (Shifting) cultivation is a primitive practice of cultivation in States of North Eastern Hill Region of India and people involved in such cultivation are called Jhumia. The practice involves clearing vegetative/forest cover on land/slopes of hills, drying and burning it before onset of monsoon and...
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Jhum (Shifting) cultivation is a primitive practice of cultivation in States of North Eastern Hill Region of India and people involved in such cultivation are called Jhumia. The practice involves clearing vegetative/forest cover on land/slopes of hills, drying and burning it before onset of monsoon and cropping on it thereafter. After harvest, this land is left fallow and vegetative regeneration is allowed on it till the plot becomes reusable for same purpose in a cycle. Meanwhile, the process is repeated in a new plot designated for Jhum cultivation during next year. Initially, when Jhum cycle was long and ranged from 20 to 30 years, the process worked well. However, with increase in human population and increasing pressure on land, Jhum cycle reduced progressively (5-6 years) causing problem of land degradation and threat to ecology of the region at large. read less
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online teacher

Jhum cultivation, also known as the slash and burn agriculture, is the process of growing crops by first clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning them thereafter. The burnt soil contains potash which increases the nutrient content of the soil. It is practised by tribal groups in northeastern...
read more
Jhum cultivation, also known as the slash and burn agriculture, is the process of growing crops by first clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning them thereafter. The burnt soil contains potash which increases the nutrient content of the soil. It is practised by tribal groups in northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh,meghalaya, mizoram read less
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Mathematics is Easy only Practice make Perfect

Slash-and-burn is an agricultural technique that involves the cutting and burning of plants in forests or woodlands to create fields. It is subsistence agriculture that typically uses little technology. It is typically key in shifting cultivation agriculture
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Jhum (Shifting) cultivation is a primitive practice of cultivation in States of North Eastern Hill region of India and people involved in such cultivation are called Jhumia. The practice involves clearing vegetative cover on land/slopes of hills, drying and burning it before onset of monsoon and cropping...
read more

Jhum (Shifting) cultivation is a primitive practice of cultivation in States of North Eastern Hill region of India and people involved in such cultivation are called Jhumia. The practice involves clearing vegetative cover on land/slopes of hills, drying and burning it before onset of monsoon and cropping on it thereafter. After harvest, this land is left fallow and vegetative regeneration is allowed on it till the plot becomes reusable for same purpose in a cycle. The process is repeated in anew plot designated for Jhum cultivation during next year. Initially, when Jhum cycle was long and ranged from 20-30 years, the process worked well. However, with increase in human population and increasing pressure on land, Jhum cycle reduced progressively (5-6 years) causing problem of land degeneration and threat to ecology of region at large.

 

Jhum or Jhoom cultivation is also known as shifting cultivation or burn cultivation. This type of cultivation is mainly practiced in much of the world’s Humid Low-Latitude climatic regions, which have relatively high temperatures and abundant rainfall. Shifting cultivation is practiced by almost 250 million people, especially in tropical rain forests of South America, Central and West Africa and Southeast Asia. In India, it is practised by hill tribes of Northeastern hill region like in states of Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram and also in states of Sikkim, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra. In Andhra Pradesh in districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, East and West Godawari districts and sparsely in districts of Adilabad district. In all these regions, Jhum cultivations is known by vernacular names.

 

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Jhum or Jhoom cultivation is a local name for slash and burn agriculture practiced by the tribal groups in the northeastern states of India like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland and also in the districts of Bangladesh like Khagrachari and Sylhet. This system involves clearing a piece...
read more

Jhum or Jhoom cultivation is a local name for slash and burn agriculture practiced by the tribal groups in the northeastern states of India like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland and also in the districts of Bangladesh like Khagrachari and Sylhet. This system involves clearing a piece of land by setting fire or clear felling and using the area for growing crops of agricultural importance such as upland rice, vegetables or fruits. It is also known as slash and burn agriculture.

read less
Comments

Slash and burn agriculture called as Jhum cultivationThe North-Eastern state of India has contributed to deforestation farmers cut down trees and burnt the plant remains the ash is used as a fertilizer, and the land is used for farmingAfter Cultivation the area is left for several years to allow it's...
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Slash and burn agriculture called as Jhum cultivation
The North-Eastern state of India has contributed to deforestation farmers cut down trees and burnt the plant remains the ash is used as a fertilizer, and the land is used for farming
After Cultivation the area is left for several years to allow it's recovery.. farmers then move on to other cities and repeat this process

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