Q: The numerator of a fraction is 3 less than the denominator. If 2 is added to
both the numerator and the denominator, then the sum of the new and the
original fraction is 29/20. Find the original fraction.
SOLUTION.
Let the numerator of the fraction be x. Then, according to the question,
Denominator = x + 3
Thus, the fraction is x / (x+3). Now, adding 2 to both the Nr. And the Dr,
New fraction = (x+2) / (x+5).
Now, as per the question, we have,
[ x / (x+3)] + [(x+2) / (x+5)] = 29 / 20. … Adding 2 to x and x+3
Simplifying, we have
( 2 * x^2 + 10 * x + 6) / ( x^2 + 8 * x + 15) = 29/20
On further simplification after cross multiplying, we have
11 * x^2 - 32 * x – 315 = 0
Factorising the above quadratic into 2 linear factors, we have
11 * x * (x – 7) + 45 * (x – 7) = 0
- 11x + 45 = 0 or x -7 = 0
Now, the first root is -45/11 and the second root is 7.
Taking x = 7 as the numerator, we have denominator as 10.
Therefore our fraction is 7/10.
Note: We ignore the first root as it is negative and does not yield the satisfactory answer.