Find the best tutors and institutes for BTech Tuition

Find Best BTech Tuition

Please select a Category.

Please select a Locality.

No matching category found.

No matching Locality found.

Outside India?

Search for topics

Gerund, Infinitive, Participle

Dr R.
24/02/2018 0 0
1. Consider the following examples:

i. The frightened cat scratched my eye.

ii. Running seems tiresome at first.

iii. Sometimes I like to swing and sometimes I like to slide at the park..

In all the above three sentences the verbs (in bold) are not being used as verbs but as another parts os speech. These are called Verbals.

2. Participles , Gerunds & Infinitives are three types of Verbals:

i. A participle is a verbal that acts as an adjective. In other words, a participle is a form of a verb that acts as an adjective. For example :

a. The crying woman left the movie theater.

b. The frustrated child ran away from home.

ii. Depending on the form of the verb, the participles can be present, past or perfect. For example:

a. The dancing bears escaped from their cages : Present participle modifying bears.

b. I gave some peanuts to the neglected monkeys : Past participle modifying monkeys.

c. Having killed the bull, the matador faced the audience: Perfect participle modifying matador.

iii. A gerund is a verbal that acts as a noun. It always ends in -ing. For example:

a. Running is great exercise

b. Most people enjoy eating.

c. Note the difference between: My hobby is hiking

d. Litmus tests for gerunds: Tennis is good exercise.

e. The wheel was a good idea and John is hiking.  Can you put a noun there?

f. Playing is good exercise. Swimming was a good idea.

iv. An infinitive is a Verbal that appears with the word “to” and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb. For example, To err is human (noun), The best way to survive his boring lecture is to stab yourself. (Adjective), I am taking neurology this semester to understand human brain (adverb).

There are two types of infinitives in English:

a. Present infinitive (only “to” + verb)

b. Perfect infinitive (“to have” or “to have been” + past tense version of the verb)

c. Present: I like to debate. To play with matches is wrong.

d. Perfect: He pretended to have lost her number. To have been mentioned would have been enough.

0 Dislike
Follow 2

Please Enter a comment


Other Lessons for You

Key Tips On How To Study Smart
The study is a method in which we gain knowledge which in turn leads to the broadening of our mindset and the significance of it is that we implement this knowledge in our daily life which is called common...

Sumit Agarwal | 24 May

1 0

Algorithms L1 (Introductory)
Why Algorithms?Modelling the Problem: Modeling is the art of formulating our application regarding precisely described, well-understood problems. Proper modelling is the key to applying algorithmic design...

Santosh Kumar | 14/09/2018

1 0

BTech Student
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS Unit Topic Lectures Analog Integrated circuit Design: an overview: Current Mirrors using BJT and MOSFETs, Simple current Mirror, Base current compensated current Mirror, Wilson and...

Explain The Working Of JVM
1. when we execute the java file, JVM is loaded into memory.2. In JVM, first class loader starts which loads the class into memory, i.e. it divides the code intoRuntime Memory Area.3. Runtime memory consists...

Rahul Kasgar | 09/04/2018

1 0

How To Write An Assignment?
Instructions for writing the Assignment: It should contain minimum of 7 pages to maximum of 10 pages. Write all the topics with clear headings, sub headings and points with serial numbers 1,2,3,4,5...

Prof Zahoorullah S Md | 16/01/2018

0 0

Looking for BTech Tuition ?

Find best BTech Tuition in your locality on UrbanPro.

Are you a Tutor or Training Institute?

Join UrbanPro Today to find students near you

Find Best BTech Tuition ?

Find Now » is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 25 lakh students rely on, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 6.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more