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Lesson Posted on 20/11/2017 Tuition/BBA Tuition Tuition/MBA Tuition Tuition/BCom Tuition
GST (Goods and Service Tax): An Introduction
Bhagwati Charan
I am a fellow member of institute of company secretary of India. A corporate consultant. Teaching is...
Understanding Basics of GST(Goods and Service Tax):
Single Tax rate for a product or service in any part of country. The following 17 different indirect taxes will be subsumed under GST:
Central Tax.  State Tax. 
Central Excise Duty.  State VAT / CST. 
Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparation).  Purchase Tax. 
Additional Duties of Excise  Luxury Tax. 
Additional Duties of Excise  Entry Tax. 
Additional Duties of Custom.  Entertainment Tax 
Commonly known as VD.  Taxes on Advertisement. 
Special additional Duty of Custom (SAD).  Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling. 
Service Tax.  State chess and surcharges in so far as the 
Cass and surcharge in so far as the relate to supply of goods or services. 

Answered on 29/11/2017 Tuition/MBA Tuition
Subramanyam
Tutor
Lesson Posted on 26/10/2017 Tuition/MBA Tuition Tuition/BBA Tuition
Vijaya Kumar Jayanthi
I am M.Sc and M.B.A and having more than 10 years of experience in handling CBSE, ICSE as well as state...
Problem solving can be defined as the process of identifying a difference between the actual and the desired state of affairs and then taking action to resolve this difference. For problems important enough to justify the time and effort of careful analysis, the problemsolving process involves the following seven steps:
1. Identify and define the problem.
2. Determine the set of alternative solutions.
3. Determine the criterion or criteria that will be used to evaluate the alternatives.
4. Evaluate the alternatives.
5. Choose an alternative.
6. Implement the selected alternative.
7. Evaluate the results to determine whether a satisfactory solution has been obtained.
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Answered on 16/09/2017 Tuition/MBA Tuition
Surbhi Porwal
Tutor
Lesson Posted on 16/08/2017 Tuition/MBA Tuition Exam Coaching/MBA Entrance Coaching
Different Methods Of Pricing: Economics Analysis For Business
Nirmal Kumar R
I am a Asst professor (MBA,. BE.,).. I will handle Classes for Quantitative Aptitude, Reasoning, MBA,...
Lesson Posted on 31/07/2017 Tuition/BCom Tuition/Business Laws Tuition/BCom Tuition/Company Law Tuition/BBA Tuition
Section 3 Of Companies Act, 2013: Formation Of A Company
Kousiki C.
Teaching is my hobby and not my profession. I have around 16 years teaching experience. I started my...
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Lesson Posted on 29/07/2017 Tuition/MBA Tuition
Managerial Economics: Investments under Certainty
Kousiki C.
Teaching is my hobby and not my profession. I have around 16 years teaching experience. I started my...
Capital Budgeting is the process by which the firm decides which longterm investments to make. Capital Budgeting projects, i.e., potential longterm investments, are expected to generate cash flows over several years.
Capital Budgeting also explains the decisions in which all the incomes and expenditures are covered. These decisions involve all inflows and outflows of funds of an undertaking for a particular period of time.
Capital Budgeting techniques under certainty can be divided into the following two groups −
Non Discounted Cash Flow:
Discounted Cash Flow:
The payback period (PBP) is the traditional method of capital budgeting. It is the simplest and perhaps the most widely used quantitative method for appraising capital expenditure decision; i.e. it is the number of years required to recover the original cash outlay invested in a project.
Nondiscounted cash flow techniques are also known as traditional techniques.
Payback period is one of the traditional methods of budgeting. It is widely used as quantitative method and is the simplest method in capital expenditure decision. Payback period helps in analyzing the number of years required to recover the original cash outlay invested in a particular project. The formula widely used to calculate payback period is −
PBP is a cost effective and easy to calculate method. It is simple to use and does not require much of the time for calculation. It is more helpful for short term earnings.
The ARR is the ratio after tax profit divided by the average investment. ARR is also known as return on investment method (ROI). Following formula is usually used to calculate ARR:
The average profits after tax are obtained by adding up the profit after tax for each year and dividing the result by the number of years.
ARR is simple to use and as it is based on accounting information, it is easily available. ARR is usually used as a performance evaluation measure and not as a decision making tool as it does not use cash flow information.
Discounted cash flow techniques consider time value of money and are therefore also known as modern techniques.
The net present value is one of the discounted cash flow techniques. It is the difference between the present value of future cash inflows and the present value of the initial outlay, discounted at the firm’s cost of capital. It recognizes the cash flow streams at different time intervals and can be computed only when they are expressed in terms of common denominator (present value). Present value is calculated by determining an appropriate discount rate. NPV is calculated with the help of equation.
NPV: Present value of cash inflows − Initial investment.
Advantages:
NPV is considered as the most appropriate measure of profitability. It considers all the years of cash flow, and recognizes the time value for money. It is an absolute measure of profitability that means it gives output in terms of absolute amount. The NPVs of the projects can be added together which is not possible in other methods.
Profitability index method is also known as benefit cost ratio as numerator measures benefits and denominator measures cost like the NPV approach. It is the ratio obtained by dividing the present value of future cash inflows by the present value of cash outlays. Mathematically it is defined as −
In a capital rationing situation, PI is a better evaluation method as compared to NPV method. It considers the time value of money along cash flows generated by the project.
Present Cash Value  

Year  Cash Flows  @ 5% Discount  @ 10% Discount 
0  $ 10,000.00  $ 10,000.00  $ 10,000.00 
1  $ 2,000.00  $ 1,905.00  $ 1,818.00 
2  $ 2,000.00  $ 1,814.00  $ 1,653.00 
3  $ 2,000.00  $ 1,728.00  $ 1,503.00 
4  $ 2,000.00  $ 1,645.00  $ 1,366.00 
5  $ 5,000.00  $ 3,918.00  $ 3,105.00 
Total  $ 1,010.00  $ 555.00 
Internal rate of return is also known as yield on investment. IRR depends entirely on the initial outlay of the projects which are evaluated. It is the compound annual rate of return that the firm earns, if it invests in the project and receives the given cash inflows. Mathematically IRR is determined by the following equation −
Where,
R = The internal rate of return
C_{t} = Cash inflows at t period
C_{0} = Initial investment
Example:
Internal Rate of Return  

Opening Balance  100,000 
Year 1 Cash Flow  110000 
Year 2 Cash Flow  113000 
Year 3 Cash Flow  117000 
Year 4 Cash Flow  120000 
Year 5 Cash Flow  122000 
Proceeds from Sale  1100000 
IRR  9.14% 
IRR considers the total cash flows generated by a project over the life of the project. It measures profitability of the projects in percentage and can be easily compared with the opportunity cost of capital. It also considers the time value of money.
read lessLesson Posted on 04/06/2017 Tuition/Class IXX Tuition Tuition/BCom Tuition Tuition/MBA Tuition
5Study Tips every student needs to follow to get results
DIO Tutorial Point
Seeing the need of the students who require extra attention to achieve their academic goals and excel...
First and foremost thing to do for being more productive is to prioritize our tasks. When you're clear about your priorities, you never try to do all tasks together.Rather, you can spend your time doing what is most important based upon what your priorities are. This tip is most important among all the study tips.
Nowadays, students can be seen stuck with social media all the time, which takes out bigger chunk of their time that could have been used for studying and working on their problems.
This is another phobia that students are obsessed with all the time. It engages students with petty troll messages spreading among all the friends. This gives another blow to the precious time of the students. It's strictly advisable to students to avoid unnecessary messaging troll messages.
No single student can deny the fact that he has a bunch of buddies with whom he/she is ready to go anywhere at anytime rather all the time. When friends gather, time flies like anything. It's good to have friends but time management is equally important. Always try to gather for healthy productive discussions and not for just wasting time on unnecessary things.
Students should be very cautious while watching TV because nowadays innumerable channels with lots and lots of content is airing. So once you start watching TV, you won't realize the time flowing out of your hands. It's highly discouraged to watch TV for long hours.
read lessLesson Posted on 08/04/2017 Tuition/MBA Tuition Tuition/MCom Tuition
Difference between Curriculum Vitae, Resume and Bio Data
Vineet Kumar Sachdeva
I am an experienced, qualified teacher and tutor with over 13 years of experience in teaching. Worked...
CV
1.Stands for Curriculum Vitae
2.Audience: Employers from companies related to your field of study as you apply for jobs or internships.
3.Goal: Demonstrate your academic achievements and scholarly potential, experiences and skills
4.Length: Atleast 1 page
5.Essential Information: Experiences, Technical proficiency, Achievements, Positions of responsibilities, extracurricular
6. References: Included
A CV is a preferred option for fresh graduates, people looking for a career change, and those applying for academic positions.
RESUME
1.Audience: A general audience; employers who hire for a wide variety of positions
2.Goal: Represent the skills and experience necessary to succeed in the position from all areas—jobrelated, volunteer, and extracurricular activities
3.Length: 1 to 2 pages
4.Essential Information: Only those skills and experiences which are relevant to the position you are seeking
5.References: Not included
Resume is more applicable for middle and senior level job where experiences and skill sets get more preference than academic qualifications.
BIODATA
A biodata is more like of a biography of a person i.e. one's work and life experiences.Here focus is given on the personal attributes such as name,age,height,weight,etc that describes the person best. It is mainly used for applying government and defense jobs or for any academic grants. It is also used for making profiles on matrimony websites. The word is commonly used in India.
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Lesson Posted on 31/03/2017 Exam Coaching/CA Coaching Exam Coaching/CA Coaching/IPCC Group 1 Exam Coaching/ICWA Coaching
Escalation Clause in contract costing.
Ca Prashanth Reddy
I enjoy teaching and interacting with students. Teaching is my passion, profession and hobby. Every student...
Meaning:
Accounting Treatment:
Contractee's Account Dr.
To Contract Account
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