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Lesson Posted on 08 Jun Language/Spoken English IBPS PO/IBPS PO Mains/English Language/Grammar (Error Spotting, Phrase Replacement, Fill in the Blanks) Communication Systems +4 Language IBPS CLERK/ENGLISH CBSE/Class 10/English IELTS General Test less

Use of 'a' and 'an'

Pooja Kumari

Masters in English literature and Journalism (Diploma Holder) with more than 20 years of experience...

We generally use an before the words start with vowel sound and a before the words start with consonant sound The use of ‘a’ and ‘an’ completely depends on the sound of the letters and how we pronounce the particular letter in English. It’s no matter the word starts with... read more

We generally use an before the words start with vowel sound [a, e, i, o, u] and a before the words start with consonant sound [non-vowel sounds, or their corresponding letters]

The use of ‘a’ and ‘an’ completely depends on the sound of the letters and how we pronounce the particular letter in English. It’s no matter the word starts with the vowel or consonant letters.

Vowels

A, E, I, O & U

Consonants

B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y

Sometimes the letter sounds as “Y” is not consonant. So we use a here (see the examples below – in use of ‘a’)

 

Use of ‘an’ [ before the letter start with vowel sound ]

Example:

  1. Before the word starts with the vowel sound

              an Apple, an egg, an owl, an idea

  1. Before the word starts with silent “h”

An hour, an honourable chief minister, an honest man

 

  1. F, H, M, L, N, R, S, X are letters that are not vowels but start with vowel sound, so we use an before the word start with these letters.

 

an S.P, an F.I.R, an M.L.A, an N.C.C, an R.F.A

 

  • ‘M’ has the sound of ‘em’ same as ‘N’ has the sound ‘en’ and ‘F’ has the sound ‘ef’, so we use an before abbreviations start with vowels or these letters.

 

Use of ‘a’ [before the letter start with consonant sound]

  1. In the sense of one

 

a one-man show, a one-rupee note.

 

  • Here one starts with the sound ‘W’, so we use a
  • Since letter O is vowel but it sounds like consonant

 

  1. With vowel letters having consonant value

 

a university,  a unique, a unit, a European Language

  • All these letters start with the consonant sound ‘yu’, so we use a before these

 

  1. With a certain expression of quantity

a lot of, a dozen, a great deal of, a couple

 

  • Sometimes we tend to say ‘one dozen’, and that is the wrong expression.

 

  1. With a special meal ( to celebrate something or in someone’s honor)

A dinner was arranged to welcome the chief guest.

I called my friends to a lunch to celebrate my success.

 

  1. To make a common noun of a proper noun

 

He is ‘a second Newton’.

  • This phrase means ‘a philosopher as great as Newton’)
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Lesson Posted on 23 May IELTS General Test

Advanced Exercises on Gerunds and Infinitives

Sumit Mehta

Some key credentials: I have successfully taught from very basic to advanced level. I have been associated...

Gerunds and Infinitives Put the verbs in brackets in their correct form: Even though I felt like __________ /PERSUADE/ her __________ /GO/ on __________ /TALK/, I did not let myself __________ /IMPOSE/ anything like that, especially that she was just about __________ /FINISH/ her speech. Although... read more

Gerunds and Infinitives

Put the verbs in brackets in their correct form: 

  1. Even though I felt like __________ /PERSUADE/ her __________ /GO/ on __________ /TALK/, I did not let myself __________ /IMPOSE/  anything like that, especially that she was just about __________ /FINISH/  her speech. 
  2. Although she would rather __________ /COMMENT+NOT/ on my behaviour last night, she insisted on __________ /GIVE/ some explanation  concerning the last events. 
  3. Benjamin is suspected of __________ /MAKE/ his clients __________ /PAY/ twice as much as is usually charged even though they do not seem  __________ /MIND/ __________ /MUST+PAY/. 
  4. Her doctor forbade her __________ /SMOKE/ without __________ /SAY/ why she should __________ /STOP/ __________ /LEAD/ her life the way  she used to. 
  5. Helen had better ____________ /STOP/ ____________ /CRITICISE/ people behind their backs. Has she ever stopped ____________  /CONSIDER/ why people never look forward to ____________  /INVITE/____________ /COME/ to her office? 
  6. ____________ /TALK/ to all voters in the area, the young politician had no difficulty ____________ /WIN/ the campaign, although he admitted to  ____________ /MAKE+NOT/ his own wife ____________ /SUPPORT/   
  7. Although doctors used to ____________ /RECOMMEND/ ____________ /GO/ ____________ /JOG/, they must have changed their minds as now  patients are slowly getting used to ____________ /ADVISE/ ____________  /DROP/ that habit. 
  8. Mary is claimed ____________ /WATCH/ ____________ /START/____________ /FIGHT/with Anthony yesterday. 
  9. Jeremy proposed __________________ /POSTPONE/ the meeting, but he was made __________________ /DROP/ the idea because nobody felt like  __________________ /MUST+COME/ once again. 
  10. Stephen wouldn’t like __________________ /MISS/ the party the previous night although for him __________________ /EXPRESS/ any  regret must be very difficult as everybody considers him  __________________ /BE/ very insensitive. 
  11. Agnes was afraid __________________ /CLAIM/ __________________ /FOLLOW/ by two strangers since the previous week, but she was sensible  enough __________________ /DEMAND/ __________________  /PROTECT/. 
  12. Although I was delighted __________________ /HEAR/ Eve __________________ /SAY/ things which encouraged me  __________________ /KEEP/ on __________________ /WORK/, I would  rather __________________ /DISCOURAGE/ from that particular task. 
  13. Why did you forget __________________ /WARN/ them __________________ /LET+NOT/ themselves __________________  /CRITICISE/ by their peers? 
  14. Terry has always boasted of __________________ /CAN+MAKE/ even his greatest enemy __________________ / LOOK/ unimportant in his own   
  15. Jim is said __________________ /DATE/ Jenny for some time now, in spite of __________________ /BE/ inclined __________________  /MARRY/ Jenny’s sister. 
  16. Although I can’t help __________________ /FINISH/ the assignment on time, I can’t help __________________ /FEEL/ sorry about the delay. 
  17. I don’t mind __________________ /TAKE/ to hospital the other day. I only regret __________________ /STAY+NOT/ there long enough  __________________ /RECOVER/ fully and __________________  /CAN+PLAY/ today. 
  18. Did you remember __________________ /TELL/ the boss __________________ /ALLOW+NOT/ his both secretaries  __________________ /GO/ on __________________ /WORK/ till late? 
  19. The conflict between the two superpowers, which seems __________________ /DIE/ down a few months ago is said  __________________ / INCREASE/ at present. 
  20. Did they succeed in __________________ /PERSUADE/ Jimmy __________________ /LET/ Maggie __________________ /GO/ to the  movie instead of __________________ /KEEP/ her at home? 
  21. For Jeremy __________________ /PRETEND/ __________________ /TALK/ to us while __________________ /ANSWER/ the phone from his  boss was not anything unusual.
  22. George doesn't forbid _________________ (DRINK) at parties although he prefers  _________________ (DRINK) in restaurants. 
  23. As father doesn't allow _________________ (SPEAK) during breakfast, we are all used to _________________ (EAT) in silence. 
  24. The man _________________ (THREATEN) _________________ (CALL) the police, the boys _________________ (BEGIN)  _________________ (ESCAPE). 
  25. As my coat wants _________________ (SHORTEN) I'll need _________________ (TAKE) it to a good tailor. 

Answers Below 

                            

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Lesson Posted on 09 Apr IELTS Academic Test IELTS General Test

How to improve your writing and speaking skills?

Dr. Pavanjeet Kaur

I have an experience of 10 years in teaching BSc, Btech and MSc students in India and USA. Fortunately,...

Communicating ideas understandably and impressively is a skill that is desired in all fields of life. Most of us have been using at least two means of communication: speaking and writing. Test of speaking and writing skills demands grammatically correct, coherent and fluent answers. During any speaking... read more

Communicating ideas understandably and impressively is a skill that is desired in all fields of life. Most of us have been using at least two means of communication: speaking and writing. Test of speaking and writing skills demands grammatically correct, coherent and fluent answers.

During any speaking test one should focus on the question asked and try to present the answer in the following format:

* one line concise answer to the question.

* elaborate the opinion/argument/claim keeping in mind to use a wider vocabulary.

* Conclude using a statement.

Note that using different types of sentence structures, phrases, idioms and fitting adjectives would do your writing and speak more impressive. However, this should not be done at the expense of fluency in speaking.

Examples Speaking:

Q. What is your opinion about punctuality in life?

A. Respecting and managing time should be everyone's priority, and this can be efficiently inculcated in our lives by being punctual. (This is your opinion)

By being late for something, we waste precious time of others and ourselves. From our school days, we were taught to be punctual. This is still helping us in managing our time without being stressed. For example, I am always the first one to reach my workplace, and hence, I can also leave my office on time. As a result, I get time for personal activities and feel satisfied at the end of the day. I am not very proud to say that in my country many people are in the habit of being late for everything. On a lighter note, even the trains are never on time here, and this has become a reason for a great loss to our economy.

(This elaborates your thought, and the last statement ends the conversation on a good note so let it be the conclusion)

***********************************************************************************

Writing tests are both easier and difficult as compared to reading. Easier because one gets time to think, organise, present and edit. Difficult because one is expected to include more elements of the language to embellish the piece. Writing should be organised in the following way:

* Before actual writing-Read the question carefully and draw a flowchart to organise your writing. The flowchart may be roughly divided into four sections- 1) Intro 2) Fact/ Reason1 3)Fact/ Reason2 4) Conclusion.

* Intro can be started using a fitting phrase or quotation. The intro should be short, crisp and to the point. The last line of intro should provide transition platform for next para.

* If you asked to give your opinion/ argument/ agree/disagree type question, start with the most important point in favour of your opinion/argument. First line should be a statement to the same effect. Next elaborate the idea with examples.

* The second fact should be the one which is relevant to your topic and has content to back it up.

* The last para should be a conclusion/ suggestion as required by the question.

   To obtain an impressive piece of writing, transition words, phrases, idioms and adjectives should be used smartly. Also, keep the writing within or close to a word limit.

Please look up for my next lecture for an example of writing.

Hope this helps and good luck with writing and speaking!

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Answered on 06 May Tuition IELTS General Test

Shaikh Sajid

You can see the metro cities where you easily get most of the classes where weekend courses are available.
Answers 6 Comments
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Asked on 07 Apr IELTS General Writing IELTS General Test

Need a female IELTS trainer for writing and speaking.

Answer

Lesson Posted on 09 Feb Language/Spoken English Life Skills Coaching/Soft Skills Training/Communication Skills Training IELTS General Test +2 Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/PTE Academic Exam Coaching Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/IELTS Coaching less

Exercise On Simple Past Tense

Ielts Pte Academic Trainer From India

Online Courses for IELTS/PTE Academic/TOEFL/OET/Spoken English A dynamic professional with over 10...

Change the following sentences into simple past. 1. She buys a book. 2. The teacher punishes the boy. 3. The little girl laughs at the beggar. 4. They know it. 5. He does not tell lies. 6. They do not wait for anybody. 7. Who teaches you English? 8. The masons build the house. 9. They... read more

Change the following sentences into simple past.

1. She buys a book.

2. The teacher punishes the boy.

3. The little girl laughs at the beggar.

4. They know it.

5. He does not tell lies.

6. They do not wait for anybody.

7. Who teaches you English?

8. The masons build the house.

9. They invite us to their party.

10. His manners disgust me.

11. She sings a lovely song.

12. It is time to start.

13. He wants to kill the snake.

14. His conduct surprises me.

15. I want you to come with me.

Answers:

1. She bought a book.

2. The teacher punished the boy.

3. The little girl laughed at the boy.

4. They knew it.

5. He did not tell lies.

6. They did not wait for anybody.

7. Who taught you English?

8. The masons built the house.

9. They invited us to their party.

10. His manners disgusted me.

11. She sang a lovely song.

12. It was time to start.

13. He wanted to kill the snake.

14. His conduct surprised me.

15. I wanted you to come with me.

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Answered on 07 Feb IELTS General Test

Can any body give me information that if I book IELTS (General) test on any date then the test will be... read more

Can any body give me information that if I book IELTS (General) test on any date then the test will be completed on the same day or will continue for more days?

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Vidya V Pissay

Expert Trainer

Dear Qaisar Siddique, the reading, listening and writing skills of the IELTS exam will be tested together on the booked date. Where as speaking skills will be tested on a pre intimated date which can be either before or after the written test. Hope this reply is helpful.
Answers 2 Comments 1
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Lesson Posted on 31/10/2017 IELTS Academic Writing IELTS General Reading IELTS General Test +1 IELTS Academic Test less

IELTS Writing Tips

Rk - Ambition Abroad

I am an experienced, qualified trainer with over eight years of experience in teaching IELTS, PTE, personality...

You should be familiar with the variety of tasks on the IELTS Academic Writing Module and on the General Training Writing Module. Academic Writing Module Describe a chart Give an opinion Purpose a solution to a problem General Training Writing Module Write a letter asking for assistance Writing... read more

You should be familiar with the variety of tasks on the IELTS Academic Writing Module and on the General Training Writing Module.

Academic Writing Module

Describe a chart

Give an opinion

Purpose a solution to a problem

General Training Writing Module

Write a letter asking for assistance

 

Writing Tips

1. Make sure you organise your writing before you begin. Use the back of your answer sheet to create a concept map.

2. The examiners judge your writing on its clarity. Make sure you have supported your ideas with specific details.

3. You can write more than 150 words for task 1 or more than 250 words for task 2, but you can't write less. You will lose points of you have less than the assigned number of weird in your essay.

4. In the introductory paragraph, paraphrase your idea. Do not use the exact words in the introduction that you use in the body of the essay. This gives your writing more variety.

5. Organise your time carefully. Leave time for planning, writing and revising.I hope you find it worthy, and these guides will help to improve writing.

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Asked on 26/09/2017 IELTS General Test

Which is the best institute for IELTS coaching in New delhi or Gurugram? Need improvement in writing... read more
Which is the best institute for IELTS coaching in New delhi or Gurugram? Need improvement in writing ,reading and speaking. read less

Answer

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Lesson Posted on 30/06/2017 Life Skills Coaching/Soft Skills Training/Personality Development Training Life Skills Coaching/Soft Skills Training Life Skills Coaching/Soft Skills Training/Communication Skills Training +10 IELTS Writing Test IELTS Academic Reading IELTS Academic Test IELTS Academic Writing Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/IELTS Coaching IELTS General Reading IELTS Speaking Test IELTS General Test IELTS General Writing IELTS Listening Test less

How To Prepare For IELTS In One Month?

Jeevan

The chance of getting the score you want in 15 days to one month is pretty unpredictable. It all depends on the current level of English proficiency, your hard work, focus, and dedication. If you currently have a high level of English proficiency (Band 6.0 - 6.5), you just need to accumulate and learn... read more

The chance of getting the score you want in 15 days to one month is pretty unpredictable. It all depends on the current level of English proficiency, your hard work, focus, and dedication.

If you currently have a high level of English proficiency (Band 6.0 - 6.5), you just need to accumulate and learn some proper techniques, tips and apply to practicing tests daily to get the score you need (Band 7.0 - 7.5).

And If you are the beginner, you should focus more on it. For example, your IELTS Reading score is 5.5 while other skills are over 6.0, you should get down to improving your reading skills by taking IELTS coaching from any proficient person having expertise in IELTS tips & tricks. 

The road to IELTS test drive:

Listening Section:

Make sure for the listening section you pay attention to every detail of the conversation. Often it isn’t that you didn’t hear the conversation, it’s just that you aren’t focused.

Reading Section:

You will have a lot of time for this section generally speaking. Be sure to make the most out of it. If you are stuck on one question go to the next. And I'm sure you are troubled by the fact that not given/false are extremely similar. The truth is, it isn’t. Don’t interpret the passage. Rather, look for evidence as questions are always evidence-based. If you can’t figure out why the statement is right or wrong 90 percent of the time the answer is not given.

Writing Section:

I’m not well qualified to speak for this section. However, you should definitely spend more time on Task 2 than Task 1. For task 1, don’t write down every detail. Be sure to note down the significant trends and relationships between two graphs if there are two graphs/diagrams. Also, use a variety of vocabulary when describing degrees of change. Here’s a list of words that you can use: minimal, slight, gradual, moderate, considerable, significant, substantial, enormous, dramatic.

Speaking Section:

Practice by recording yourself and at the end listen to your own recording to notice the inconsistencies and errors. Then you will gradually improve. I suggest you videotape you (it may seem like a stupid thing to do but it is an effective way). On the test day, go in the testing room with an assuring smile and be confident.

Remember, confidence is your best makeup. It is the key to great communication and impression.

 

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