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Lesson Posted on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 12/English

ENGLISH

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

An advertisement for E-News, a subscription-only online newspaper with no ads accompanying its content, argued that individuals should subscribe to E-News so as to eliminate wasted time that results from seeing and ignoring advertisements while attempting to read newspapers that feature ads. Which of... read more

An advertisement for E-News, a subscription-only online newspaper with no ads accompanying its content, argued that individuals should subscribe to E-News so as to eliminate wasted time that results from seeing and ignoring advertisements while attempting to read newspapers that feature ads.

Which of the following, if true, most severely weakens E-News' argument?

A) Individuals who currently read only print newspapers are much less likely to enjoy a subscription news website without first learning about reading online news through a free news website.
B) Free ad-sponsored news websites and blogs offer more content than E-News.
C) E-News partners with other e-content providers, many of which always show numerous ads alongside their content.
D) For regions of the country that lack adequate internet coverage, switching to an online subscription website is not logical.
E) E-News recently announced it would sell some of its content to ad-supported websites and print newspapers.

ANSWER

OA: C

E-News argues that its subscription service will eliminate the presence of all ads for individuals attempting to read the news. The advertisement implies that this is appealing to news readers since it saves them time. However, there are possible problems with this argument. For example, if E-News partnered with other online content providers, who themselves served up ads, the user would not truly avoid advertisements and would still waste time "seeing and ignoring advertisements while attempting to read."

A. This answer pertains to enjoying reading a news website while the original argument centers on avoiding the "wasted time" that comes from seeing and ignoring advertisements.
B. The original argument centers around "wasted time" not volume of content. Consequently, this answer weakens a point (volume of content) that serves as no support or justification for the original argument (which is based upon "wasted time").
C. Since users of E-News will not be able to entirely (or perhaps even considerably) "eliminate wasted time that results from seeing and ignoring advertisements" since these ads will be part of the online newspaper reading experience through the content network, the argument that users should sign up in order "to eliminate" ads is weakened.
D. This answer does not weaken the crux of the original argument (i.e., avoiding ads eliminates "wasted time"). The original argument is not weakened, it is simply deemed irrelevant to a certain portion of the country.
E. This does not weaken the argument about the user's experience and ability to save time with E-News. The original argument pertains to signing up with E-News in order to save time and this answer does not pertain to signing up with E-News.

 

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Lesson Posted on 13 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English (Incorrect Sentences)

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: Four sentences of a paragraph are given. One or more of these is/are grammatically incorrect. Choose the option with the incorrect sentence or sentences. A. Questioning the methods of terror investigation is always a challenge because it is so easily seen as defending the enemies of the nation. B.... read more

Question:

Four sentences of a paragraph are given. One or more of these is/are grammatically incorrect. Choose the option with the incorrect sentence or sentences.

A. Questioning the methods of terror investigation is always a challenge because it is so easily seen as defending the enemies of the nation.

B. The exercise is monumentally difficult after a benumbing bomb attack especially if it is judged to be the work of a home-grown Islamist organisation.

C. The raging anger at this time is in fact against too little, too careful policing, with voices clamouring for instant punishment to the perpetrators.

D. And should the police, under pressure, go off beam and name a few incorrect names and round up a few misidentified suspects, the wrong is seen, not as a wrong, but, in a perverted sort of way, as a balancing act, a compensation for the injustice done to the terror victims.

1) D only.
2) B only.
3) B and D.
4) C and D.

Answer:

D only. Can't find any mistake in that too, except for maybe omission of hyphen.

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Lesson Posted on 13 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English (Error)

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: Rewrite: At Customs, brother, I am getting big shock. One fat man is grunting at me and looking cleverly from small eyes. "First visit?" he is asking, "Yes," I am agreeing "Move on," he is saying making chalk marks on bags. As I am picking up bags he is looking directly at me and saying "Watch... read more

Question:

Rewrite:

At Customs, brother, I am getting big shock. One fat man is grunting at me and looking cleverly from small eyes. "First visit?" he is asking, "Yes," I am agreeing "Move on," he is saying making chalk marks on bags. As I am picking up bags he is looking directly at me and saying "Watch your ass." Now, brother, this is wonderful. How he is knowing we are
purchasing donkey? I think they are knowing everything about everybody who is coming to America. They are not allowing anybody without knowing his family and financial status and other things. And we are only buying donkey two days before my departure. I think they are keeping all information in computers. Really these Americans are too advanced.

Answer:

At Customs, brother, I get a big shock. One fat man grunts at me and looks cleverly through small eyes. "First visit?" he asks, "Yes," I agree "Move on," he says while making chalk marks on bags. As I am picking up the bags he looks directly at me and says "Watch your ass." Now, brother, this is wonderful. How does he knwo we purchased a donkey? I think they know everything about everyone who comes to America. They do not allow anybody without knowing his family, financial status and other things. And we only bought a donkey two days before my departure. I think they keep all information in computers. Really, these Americans are too advanced.

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Lesson Posted on 13 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English (Para Completion)

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: The question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. As a recreational vocalist, I have spent some of the most moving moments of my life engaged in song. As a college student,... read more

Question:

The question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

As a recreational vocalist, I have spent some of the most moving moments of my life engaged in song. As a college student, my eyes would often well up with tears during my twice-a-week choir rehearsals. I would feel relaxed and at peace yet excited and joyful, and I occasionally experienced a thrill so powerful that it sent shivers down my spine.

1) I also felt connected with fellow musicians in a way I did not with friends who did not sing with me.
2) I have often wondered what it is about music that elicits such emotions.
3) It consoles us when we are sad, pumps us up in happier times and bonds us to others.
4) Some scientists conclude that music’s influence may be a chance event.

 

Answer:

2) I have often wondered what it is about music that elicits such emotions.

Just in the line before the author talks about the various ranges of emotions that flood her.
also,

3. Bears a dismissive 'it'!

2. Fits the description: Talks of "such emotions" hence justifies the previously stated emotions.

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Lesson Posted on 13 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English (Para Jumble)

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: The question comprises of a few sentences, but the order in which they were originally written has been lost and the sentences are now in the wrong order. Your task is to put the sentences into the correct order or original order. A. Take the fact that the rates of return on art investments... read more

Question:

 

The question comprises of a few sentences, but the order in which they were originally written has been lost and the sentences are now in the wrong order. Your task is to put the sentences into the correct order or original order.

A. Take the fact that the rates of return on art investments are lower than the rates on financial investments; a country could simply increase its income by selling its paintings, investing the revenues, and buying back the paintings later.

B. One economic argument in favour of free trade is simply that the free traders will be better off.

C. Allowing the Getty Museum or the Japanese to buy work that is now held in storage by the Prado would at least give the public a chance to see it, even if it is in Los Angeles or Kobe.

D. Furthermore, liberalisation of trade could enhance prospects for the consumers of culture, since it would make available work that is never exhibited, due to the space constraints of its current owner.

E. And the Prado would have funds that are badly needed for its upkeep.

1) DCEAB
2) BADCE
3) ABCED
4) BACDE

 

Answer:

The paeagraph starts with making an argument in favour of free trade, then gives an example of how a country can increase its income. Then it moves on to explain how liberalisation of trade can help consumers of culture with the help of another exmple.

Option 2. BADCE.

CE is a mandatory pair, so option 4 out of question. The para cannot start with furthermore so option 1 is out. AD is another mandatory pair.

Hence option 2.

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Lesson Posted on 13 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: Sigmund Freud describes denial as a state of “knowing-but-not-knowing.” The distance between the worlds as it is and the world as you want it to be is simply too great, and you freeze in your tracks. Freud saw denial, in the words of his leading biographer, Peter Gay, as “a... read more

Question:

Sigmund Freud describes denial as a state of “knowing-but-not-knowing.” The distance between the worlds as it is and the world as you want it to be is simply too great, and you freeze in your tracks. Freud saw denial, in the words of his leading biographer, Peter Gay, as “a state of rational apprehension that does not result in appropriate action.”

Is denial a problem for you? Yes, it is. If you are running a company at top of your industry, now is the time to ask whether you are on the right path. You may be riding the express train to oblivion. It is no accident that only one firm from the original (1896) Dow Jones Industrial Average is still on that list. According to the economist Paul Ormerod, on average more than 10% of all companies in America disappear each year. Denial is a major reason perhaps the major reason, for this constant failure.

History has lessons to teach about the role in denial in the decline of companies. The stubborn refusal of the U.S. automobile industry to admit the changeability of consumer demand is one of the best examples.

The Model T was introduced in 1908, and over the next two decades the Ford Motor Company sold more than 15 million of these cars. But by 1927 sales had flagged so severely that Henry Ford discontinued the line in order to retool his factories for its successor, the Model A. To make the change, he shut down production for months, at a cost of close to $250 million. This chain of events was disastrous for the company, because it allowed Chrysler’s Plymouth to gain market share and permitted General Motors to seize market leadership.

Why did Henry Ford, who was such a visionary in the industry’s infancy, fail to see that Model T was about to run its course and that a smooth transition to a new vehicle was essential? Evidence of his signature model’s declining fortunes was everywhere apparent at the time. But Ford dismissed sales figures documenting the Model T’s declining market share, because he suspected rivals of manipulating them. One of his top executives warned him of the dire situation in a detailed memorandum. Ford fired him.

Ford’s blindness resulted from a conviction that he knew what customers wanted: basic transportation. He was equally convinced that this desire would never change. His favorite slogan about the Model T, “It takes you there and it brings you back", captured this myopic view. What Ford didn’t grasp is that every product or service has two components: the core (the product’s primary purpose) and the augmented (additional functions and features). In every industry the border between the two inevitably shifts over time.

By the 1920s, however, the world was changing, whereas Model T wasn’t. U.S. consumers had more money and more leisure time. The automobile had become more than a machine; it was a status symbol as well. GM’s president, Alfred P. Sloan Jr, recognized this and responded with the augmented-product strategy. GM’s cars came in a variety of colors, and its models changed every year. Sloan introduced an array of products that announced their owners’ standing in the world. As Fortune put it, “Chevrolet for the hoi polloi… Pontiac for the poor but proud, Oldsmobile for the comfortable but discreet, Buick for the striving, Cadillac for the rich.”

By 1927, the line between core and augmented product for cars had shifted markedly. After World War II, it shifted further still. In the words of a Ford executive, “[The United States] is a big country, with big people and big dogs. The American buyer wants a Gray Cooper on wheels, not a baby carriage. He wants a car with hair on its chest”. By the mid-1950s U.S. manufacturers were producing ocean lines of chrome with tail fins borrowed from fighter jets. They may have been dangerous, unreliable gas-guzzlers, but the bells and whistles seemed worth it.

Then, hit with oil stocks and stagflation in the 1970s, U.S. consumers returned to their original desire for basic transportation. The Big Three automakers couldn’t believe that the line between core and augmented was moving again but Japanese could. They swept in with precisely what Americans now wanted cars that would get you there and back again reliably and cheaply.

This time, an entire industry had been wallowing in the tar pit of denial, unable to imagine that eight-cylinder behemoths weren’t the last word. But history teaches us that there is no “last word.” Is the automobile industry in its failure to heed the shifting tides of consumer demand exceptional when it comes to denial? Hardly. Just consider the grown stalls at Kmart, Digital Equipment, Fire stone, and Bear Stearns, to name only a few. Denial has involved many other issues as well, from ignoring external forces such as technological innovation and demographic change to overestimating company’s own capabilities and resources.

Freud himself was a victim of the very knowing-but-not-knowing that he described with others. He kept smoking cigars even after his oral cancer was diagnosed. Both Ford and Freud were smart, successful men who paid a terrible price for denial. Don’t let it devastate your company too.

 

According to the passage, Freud himself is an example of:

1) The difference between the core and the augmented components.
2) The state of rational apprehension not resulting in appropriate action.
3) Smoking cigars leading to oral cancer.
4) Successful men like Henry Ford.

 

1) Which of the following would be an example of an augmented component and a core component (in that order) in a car?

1) Aluminium alloy wheels - petrol engine
2) Petrol engine - aluminium alloy wheels
3) Six cylinder petrol engine - electronically adjusted rear view mirrors
4) Petrol engine - diesel engine

 

2) What can be the most appropriate title for the passage?

1) Denial,
2) The downfall of Henry Ford,
3) Changing tastes of the American Car Owners,
4) Leaders in Denial.

 

Answer:

1) 2 : Freud was smoking cigars even after his oral cancer was diagnosed. He is having fear of death, but still he is not taking any action. Option 2 most appropriately puts it.the state of rational apprehension not resulting in appropriate action

as:

'Freud himself was a victim of the very knowing-but-not-knowing that he described with others. He kept smoking cigars even after his oral cancer was diagnosed. Both Ford and Freud were smart, successful men who paid a terrible price for denial.'

 

2) 1 : A car can do with a normal wheel as well, so alloy wheel is augmented, but not petrol engine. Aluminium alloy wheels – petrol engine

Core compo - Primary - The engine, the powerhouse.
Augmented - additional - anything from alloy wheels to rear view mirror.

Option 1 suits the logic.

 

3) 1 : The whole passage is revolving around denial. Option D is wrong because, leaders in denial is not the center of attention but the concept. The other two options are a part of the passage.Since the central theme is denial only,how freud defines it and ho it plays a role in the business world too.And to exemplify that only the case of automobile industry is discussed.

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Lesson Posted on 13 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English (Sentence Correction)

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: Rewrite: Dear brother, greetings to respectful parents. I am hoping all is well with health and wealth. I am fine at my end. Hoping your end is fine too. With God's grace and parents' blessings I am arriving safely in America and finding good apartment near University. Kindly assure mother... read more

Question:

Rewrite:

Dear brother,

greetings to respectful parents. I am hoping all is well with health and wealth. I am fine at my end. Hoping your end is fine too. With God's grace and parents' blessings I am arriving safely in America and finding good apartment near University. Kindly assure mother that I am strictly consuming vegetarian food only in restaurants though I am not knowing if cooks are Brahmins. I hope parents' prayers are residing with me.

Answer:

Dear Brother,
Greetings to respectful parents. I am hoping all is well with health and wealth. I am fine at my end. Hoping at your end is fine too. With God's grace and parents blessings I have arrived safely in America and found good apartment near University. Kindly assure to mother that I am strictly consuming vegetarian food only in restaurants though I am not knowing if cooks are Brahmins 's. I hope parents prayers are residing with me.

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Lesson Posted on 10 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: The question comprises of a few sentences, but the order in which they were originally written has been lost and the sentences are now in the wrong order. Your task is to put the sentences into the correct order or original order. A. This reduces heat loss and allows the best use of the nest... read more

Question:

The question comprises of a few sentences, but the order in which they were originally written has been lost and the sentences are now in the wrong order. Your task is to put the sentences into the correct order or original order.

A. This reduces heat loss and allows the best use of the nest space.

B. Second, if the egg rolls, it will roll in a circular path around the pointed end.

C. This means that on a flat (or flattiHsh surface) there should be no danger of the egg rolling off, or out of the nest.

D. Third, an egg shape is more comfortable for the bird while it is laying, rather than a sphere or a cylinder.

E. First it enables them to fit more snugly together, with smaller air-spaces between them.

F. Eggs are egg-shaped for several reasons.

1) EABCDF
2) FEBDAC
3) FECBAD
4) FEABCD

 

Answer:

F-E-A-B-C-D

Explanations follow the case made. Hence F-case-E-first explanation-A-verified-others similarly.

EA and BC are mandatory pairs, also, the logical pattern.
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Lesson Posted on 10 Feb CBSE/Class 12/English

English (Para Completion)

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Question: The question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. Why does being bad feel so good? Pride, envy, greed, wrath, lust, gluttony, and sloth: It might sound like just one... read more

Question:

The question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

Why does being bad feel so good? Pride, envy, greed, wrath, lust, gluttony, and sloth: It might sound like just one more episode of The Real Housewives of New Jersey, but this enduring formulation of the worst of human failures has inspired great art for thousands of years. In the 14th century Dante depicted ghoulish evildoers suffering for eternity in his masterpiece, The Divine Comedy. Medieval muralists put the fear of God into churchgoers with lurid scenarios of demons and devils.

1) Today these transgressions are inspiring great science, too.

2) More recently George Balanchine choreographed their dance.

3) New research is explaining where these behaviours come from and helping us understand why we continue to engage in them.

4) The most enjoyable sins engage the brain’s reward circuitry.

Answer:

Option 2: As last sentence talks about the lurid scenarios of demons and devils and option 2 take forward the idea of description. Goes with the chronological order and the subject of last two sentences.

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Answered on 08 Apr CBSE/Class 12/English

Why is the age of eleven so important for the poet?

Swagata Ghosh

English teacher

Because the posts believe this age as age of transition.In this age a person steps in the arena of experiences by loosing his or her lamb like innocence.on the other hand age 11 is particularly pregnant with endeavour for betterment.
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