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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts... read more

The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts etc. fall under this. These are examples of a rigid constitution. The Parliament can alter or modify many of the laws of the Constitution by a simple majority as is required for ordinary legislations. For instance the Parliament can deal with the abolition or creation of Legislative Councils (Article 169). Further, the Parliament can change the name of boundaries, areas etc. of States through simple majority; and these changes don't even need to done via a Constitutional Amendment Bill.These amendments come under article 368. A flexible constitution is one that can be amended in the same manner as the ordinary laws are made(Means these provisions can be amended by simple majority), like British Constitution. These amendments do not come under article 368. For Example: Admission or establishment of new states, abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in states, citizenship, quorum in parliaments,second schedule and many more. Article 368 provides for two types of amendments: (a) Some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament, i.e., a two third majority of the members of each house present and voting, and a majority (more than 50%), of the total membership of each house. For Example: Fundamental Rights, DPSPs, etc. (b) Some other provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament and with the ratification by half of the total states. For Example: Election of President and its manner, extent of the executive power of union and states, supreme court and high courts, seventh schedule, representation of states in parliament (Rajya Sabha) etc.

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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Differentiate between the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of the State Policy.

K Mahesh Babu Babloo

Tutor

Fundamental rights which is guaranteed by constitution at its people, in case of derogation of it or infringement to it, aggrieved person can approach and challenge to it his or her concern, sc is a guardian of fr and directive principles which includes social benefits and well being which may not included... read more
Fundamental rights which is guaranteed by constitution at its people, in case of derogation of it or infringement to it, aggrieved person can approach and challenge to it his or her concern, sc is a guardian of fr and directive principles which includes social benefits and well being which may not included in any policy, there is no provision to challenge it, only fundamental rights, which our constitution has given a provisions for its people to challenge it in case of infringement. read less
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Answered 4 days ago CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Which Indian state has its own different constitution?

FREDDY

J&K
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Answered on 15 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Write the meaning of ??Governance by law.??

Sid Chougule

It creates for welfare of the people
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Answered on 10 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Which amendment made local rural government more powerful?

Shivani Gupta

Tutor

The 73rd Amendment is about Rural Local Governments (which are also known as Panchayati Raj Institutions or PRIs)
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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Why do we need Parliament for our country? Justify its relevance.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The parliament: Ensures everyone's views are cared for so that the decision made is in the interests of everyone. Reduces the possibility of a bad decision by having many people look into the problem.
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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Illustrate the relevance of Election Commission of India and write its functions too.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Functions: Conduct and Supervision of Elections: The Election Commission conducts, directs, controls and supervises all elections to: i. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha of Parliament; ii. State Legislative Assemblies and the Legislative Councils where it exists; iii. The office of the President and Vice-President... read more

Functions: Conduct and Supervision of Elections: The Election Commission conducts, directs, controls and supervises all elections to: i. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha of Parliament; ii. State Legislative Assemblies and the Legislative Councils where it exists; iii. The office of the President and Vice-President and iv. All by-elections to Parliament and State Legislature.

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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Highlight the main features of the 73rd Constitution Amendment Act (1993).

Sujoy D.

Tutor

i. Reservation for women in panchayats (chairman and members) up to one-third seats, ii. Reservation of seats for SC/ST in panchayats (chairman and members) in proportion to their population, iii. Indirect elections to the post of chairman at the intermediate and apex tiers, iv. All posts at all levels... read more

i. Reservation for women in panchayats (chairman and members) up to one-third seats, ii. Reservation of seats for SC/ST in panchayats (chairman and members) in proportion to their population, iii. Indirect elections to the post of chairman at the intermediate and apex tiers, iv. All posts at all levels (with two exceptions) to be filled by direct elections.

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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Describe the three procedures given under Article 368 for amending the Indian Constitution.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Part-xx Article 368 (1) of the Constitution of India grants constituent power to make formal amendments and empowers Parliament to amend the Constitution by way of addition, variation or repeal of any provision according to the procedure laid down therein, which is different from the procedure for ordinary... read more

Part-xx Article 368 (1) of the Constitution of India grants constituent power to make formal amendments and empowers Parliament to amend the Constitution by way of addition, variation or repeal of any provision according to the procedure laid down therein, which is different from the procedure for ordinary legislation.

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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Describe in detail the stages which a bill pass through before it becomes law.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

There are several stages that a bill has to pass before it actually becomes a law. There are three stages that the bill has to pass in one house of the parliament. The same is the case when a bill is presented in state legislatures. The three steps are as explained below: 1. First reading: A bill can... read more

There are several stages that a bill has to pass before it actually becomes a law. There are three stages that the bill has to pass in one house of the parliament. The same is the case when a bill is presented in state legislatures. The three steps are as explained below: 1. First reading: A bill can be first introduced (by a minister or an individual) in either house of the parliament. In case it is a money bill; it will only be introduced in the Lok Sabha. If leave is granted by the House, the bill is introduced. After the bill has been introduced, it is published in The Gazette of India. The bill is then referred by the speaker of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha to a committee which considers the principles of the bill and presents its report on the bill. 2. Second reading: There is an open discussion wherein the principles underlying the bill are discussed. Amendments are suggested. Amendments become a part of the bill if majority votes in it's favor. 3. Third reading: The bill is put to vote. In case there is a tie between those in favor and those against; the presiding officer can cast a vote in favor or against the bill. After the bill is passed by one house; it is sent to the other house where same proceedings take place except for the introduction of the bill. Other house can keep a money bill for 14 days and an ordinary bill for 3 months without passing or rejecting it. If it fails to return the bill in a fixed time, the bill is deemed to be passed and is sent to the President for approval. If President gives his assent, the bill is published in the Gazette of India and is accepted as a law from the day of assent.

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