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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

When is democracy considered successful? Explain.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Democracy is the dominant form of government in the contemporary world. Some qualifications of democracy must be fulfilled for its success. These are: (i) Not rich and powerful people but the rulers elected by the people must take all major decisions. (it) The elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity... read more

Democracy is the dominant form of government in the contemporary world. Some qualifications of democracy must be fulfilled for its success.
These are:

(i) Not rich and powerful people but the rulers elected by the people must take all major decisions.

(it) The elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the rulers, if they want to.

(iii) A choice and opportunity should be available to all the people based on political equality.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Discuss the broad guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms in India.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

There are some broad guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms in India. These are (i) Just by introducing new laws, we cannot overcome challenges to democracy. Democratic ’ reforms must be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically... read more

There are some broad guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms in India. These are

(i) Just by introducing new laws, we cannot overcome challenges to democracy. Democratic ’ reforms must be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens.

(ii) Any legal change must look at what results it will have on politics. Sometimes, the results may be counter productive.
For example, many states have banned people who have more than two children from contesting the Panchayat elections. This has resulted in denying opportunity to many poor and women.

(iii) The Right to Information Act is a good example of a law that empowers the people to find out what is happening in the government, and acts as watchdog of democracy. Such laws help to control corruption.

(iv) The most important concern should be to increase and improve the quality of political participation by ordinary citizens.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Explain the ways in which democracy can be redefined to make democracy more effective

Sujoy D.

Tutor

There are some ways in which democracy can he redefined to make it more effective, which are discussed below: (i) Democracy should ensure that the views of minorities are respected and their needs and demands are not overlooked by the majority. (ii) In a democracy, there should be no scope for any discrimination... read more

There are some ways in which democracy can he redefined to make it more effective, which are discussed below:

(i) Democracy should ensure that the views of minorities are respected and their needs and demands are not overlooked by the majority.

(ii) In a democracy, there should be no scope for any discrimination based on caste, religion and gender.

(iii) In a democracy, people’s right should be given full respect. People should enjoy extensive tights from right to vote to participate in general elections.

(iv) People should have enough freedom and opportunity to enjoy their socio-economic rights.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

"Atleast one-fourth of the globe is still not under democratic government." Explain

Sujoy D.

Tutor

According to the Democracy Index of 2012, there is democracy in 167 countries of the world, ’ of them 165 countries are members of the United Nations. The challenge to democracy in these parts is very stark. These countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy... read more

According to the Democracy Index of 2012, there is democracy in 167 countries of the world, ’ of them 165 countries are members of the United Nations.
The challenge to democracy in these parts is very stark. These countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting a democratic government. This involves bringing down the existing non-democradc government.
Military should be kept away from the controlling government and a sovereign and functional state should be established.
Thus, it can be concluded that adeast one-fourth of the globe is still not under democradc government.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

What is economic inequality? How does it prove harmful for the success of democracy?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Economic Inequality: i. It means split of society between rich and poor classes. The rich enjoy all possible facility of life and lead a very good standard of life. ii. Whereas the poor people even do not meet the meals of two times in a day. They are unable to fulfil even their basic necessities. Harm... read more

Economic Inequality:

i. It means split of society between rich and poor classes.
The rich enjoy all possible facility of life and lead a very good standard of life.

ii. Whereas the poor people even do not meet the meals of two times in a day. They are unable to fulfil even their basic necessities.

Harm of Economic Inequality :

i. Economic inequality is harmful for the success of democracy as it intensify the ego among the rich people while inferiority complex among the poor, and emotional outburst are seen in strikes, murder, decoity and class conflicts.

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Answered on 01 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

How would you like to expand the definition of democracy? Explain

Amrit Barla

Tutor

Democracy means a constructive way of free from something or someone. It means also the rights and duties of the individual in which he or she is abiding by respecting each other.
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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Describe the expanded scope of democracy in the modern world. Explain.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

In the modern world, democracy is not limited to its very common definition but its area or scope has been widened under the influence of global concepts and socio-economic changes. The following points show the scope of democracy: (i) Democratic rights are not limited to political rights like, the right... read more

In the modern world, democracy is not limited to its very common definition but its area or scope has been widened under the influence of global concepts and socio-economic changes.
The following points show the scope of democracy:

(i) Democratic rights are not limited to political rights like, the right to vote, to stand in elections and form political organisations. A democracy should grant some social and economic rights to its citizens.

(ii) The power sharing in democracy is extended to the power sharing between government and social groups.

(iii) Modern democracy cannot value only the voice of majority, but it respects the voice of minority as well.

(iv) However, the democracy has extended its scope from government and its activities to eliminate discrimination based on caste, religion and gender.

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Answered on 02 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts... read more

The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts etc. fall under this. These are examples of a rigid constitution. The Parliament can alter or modify many of the laws of the Constitution by a simple majority as is required for ordinary legislations. For instance the Parliament can deal with the abolition or creation of Legislative Councils (Article 169). Further, the Parliament can change the name of boundaries, areas etc. of States through simple majority; and these changes don't even need to done via a Constitutional Amendment Bill.These amendments come under article 368. A flexible constitution is one that can be amended in the same manner as the ordinary laws are made(Means these provisions can be amended by simple majority), like British Constitution. These amendments do not come under article 368. For Example: Admission or establishment of new states, abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in states, citizenship, quorum in parliaments,second schedule and many more. Article 368 provides for two types of amendments: (a) Some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament, i.e., a two third majority of the members of each house present and voting, and a majority (more than 50%), of the total membership of each house. For Example: Fundamental Rights, DPSPs, etc. (b) Some other provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament and with the ratification by half of the total states. For Example: Election of President and its manner, extent of the executive power of union and states, supreme court and high courts, seventh schedule, representation of states in parliament (Rajya Sabha) etc.

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Answered on 30 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Karthikeyan Pillai

Trainer

Seven Indian States, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Jammu-Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, have bicameral Legislatures.
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Answered on 22 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Explain in brief about Right against exploitation (Article 23-24) of the Constitution of India.

Prachi Nanavaty

Political Science Teacher

Articles 23 and 24 of the constitution are designed to prevent exploitation of men by men. Article 23 of the Indian Constitution reads as follows: Traffic in human beings and beggar and similar other forms of forced labor are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offense punishable... read more

Articles 23 and 24 of the constitution are designed to prevent exploitation of men by men. Article 23 of the Indian Constitution reads as follows: Traffic in human beings and beggar and similar other forms of forced labor are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offense punishable in accordance with law. Nothing in this article shall prevent the state from imposing compulsory service for public purposes and in imposing such service the state shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste of class or any of them. 

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