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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

When is democracy considered successful? Explain.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Democracy is the dominant form of government in the contemporary world. Some qualifications of democracy must be fulfilled for its success. These are: (i) Not rich and powerful people but the rulers elected by the people must take all major decisions. (it) The elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity... read more

Democracy is the dominant form of government in the contemporary world. Some qualifications of democracy must be fulfilled for its success.
These are:

(i) Not rich and powerful people but the rulers elected by the people must take all major decisions.

(it) The elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the rulers, if they want to.

(iii) A choice and opportunity should be available to all the people based on political equality.

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Answered on 01 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Explain the "foundational challenge" faced by democracies.

Arunava Debnath

Tutor

The ‘foundational challenge’ is applied to the non-democratic countries of the world. It implies: (i) Making transition to democracy. (ii) Non-democratic regime to democratic regime. (iii) Control of government from military to the elected leaders. (iv) Establishing a sovereign and functional... read more

The ‘foundational challenge’ is applied to the non-democratic countries of the world. It implies:

(i) Making transition to democracy.

(ii) Non-democratic regime to democratic regime.

(iii) Control of government from military to the elected leaders.

(iv) Establishing a sovereign and functional state.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Discuss the broad guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms in India.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

There are some broad guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms in India. These are (i) Just by introducing new laws, we cannot overcome challenges to democracy. Democratic ’ reforms must be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically... read more

There are some broad guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms in India. These are

(i) Just by introducing new laws, we cannot overcome challenges to democracy. Democratic ’ reforms must be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens.

(ii) Any legal change must look at what results it will have on politics. Sometimes, the results may be counter productive.
For example, many states have banned people who have more than two children from contesting the Panchayat elections. This has resulted in denying opportunity to many poor and women.

(iii) The Right to Information Act is a good example of a law that empowers the people to find out what is happening in the government, and acts as watchdog of democracy. Such laws help to control corruption.

(iv) The most important concern should be to increase and improve the quality of political participation by ordinary citizens.

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Answered on 01 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

What are different political reforms that should be implemented in India?

Margus Institute

All the suggestions or proposals about overcomingvarious challenges to democracy are called ‘democratic reforms’ or ‘political reforms’. All the countries do not have the same challenges, thus, the political reforms ’ should be different.Some of the political reforms which... read more

All the suggestions or proposals about overcoming
various challenges to democracy are called ‘democratic reforms’ or ‘political reforms’. All the countries do not have the same challenges, thus, the political reforms ’ should be different.
Some of the political reforms which should be implemented in India are .
(i) Legal and constitutional reforms Some of the acts are century old and need to be amended as per the current needs.
(ii) Administrative reforms to corruption in the political circles and the bureaucracy.
(iii) The law of universal literacy should be implemented.
(iv) Poverty alleviation to provide wages and employment to landless and the poor.
(v) Elimination of gender discrimination through social-economic reforms.
(vi) The regional imbalances should be redressed
(vii) Sustainable development in terms of economic, social and environmental reforms.
(viii) Improve quality of political parties by competent people’s participation.

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Answered on 01 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy? Explain

Arunava Debnath

Tutor

No democracy can function in absence of sociallyresponsible and informed citizens. An ordinary citizens can play the following role in deepening democracy: i. Citizens must learn to tolerate differences and views of all others who disagree with them. Citizens must accept the principle of mutual tolerance... read more

No democracy can function in absence of socially
responsible and informed citizens. An ordinary citizens can play the following role in deepening democracy:

i. Citizens must learn to tolerate differences and views of all others who disagree with them. Citizens must accept the principle of mutual tolerance and dissent.

ii. Citizens must act with the sense of discipline and responsibility. They have a right to express their dissent. They must express their grievance through channels provided by the democratic system.

iii. Citizens must participate and seek to influence the public opinion. This, can happen only when they are well informed on civic matters.

iv. Citizens must exercise their right to vote. This provides a direction to the whole democratic process.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Explain the ways in which democracy can be redefined to make democracy more effective

Sujoy D.

Tutor

There are some ways in which democracy can he redefined to make it more effective, which are discussed below: (i) Democracy should ensure that the views of minorities are respected and their needs and demands are not overlooked by the majority. (ii) In a democracy, there should be no scope for any discrimination... read more

There are some ways in which democracy can he redefined to make it more effective, which are discussed below:

(i) Democracy should ensure that the views of minorities are respected and their needs and demands are not overlooked by the majority.

(ii) In a democracy, there should be no scope for any discrimination based on caste, religion and gender.

(iii) In a democracy, people’s right should be given full respect. People should enjoy extensive tights from right to vote to participate in general elections.

(iv) People should have enough freedom and opportunity to enjoy their socio-economic rights.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

"Atleast one-fourth of the globe is still not under democratic government." Explain

Sujoy D.

Tutor

According to the Democracy Index of 2012, there is democracy in 167 countries of the world, ’ of them 165 countries are members of the United Nations. The challenge to democracy in these parts is very stark. These countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy... read more

According to the Democracy Index of 2012, there is democracy in 167 countries of the world, ’ of them 165 countries are members of the United Nations.
The challenge to democracy in these parts is very stark. These countries face the foundational challenge of making the transition to democracy and then instituting a democratic government. This involves bringing down the existing non-democradc government.
Military should be kept away from the controlling government and a sovereign and functional state should be established.
Thus, it can be concluded that adeast one-fourth of the globe is still not under democradc government.

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Answered on 03 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

What is economic inequality? How does it prove harmful for the success of democracy?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Economic Inequality: i. It means split of society between rich and poor classes. The rich enjoy all possible facility of life and lead a very good standard of life. ii. Whereas the poor people even do not meet the meals of two times in a day. They are unable to fulfil even their basic necessities. Harm... read more

Economic Inequality:

i. It means split of society between rich and poor classes.
The rich enjoy all possible facility of life and lead a very good standard of life.

ii. Whereas the poor people even do not meet the meals of two times in a day. They are unable to fulfil even their basic necessities.

Harm of Economic Inequality :

i. Economic inequality is harmful for the success of democracy as it intensify the ego among the rich people while inferiority complex among the poor, and emotional outburst are seen in strikes, murder, decoity and class conflicts.

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Answered on 01 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

How would you like to expand the definition of democracy? Explain

Amrit Barla

Tutor

Democracy means a constructive way of free from something or someone. It means also the rights and duties of the individual in which he or she is abiding by respecting each other.
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Answered on 01 Mar CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class IX-X Tuition

Mention the three ways through which democracy can be improved in practical form.

Poushali Dasgupta

Teacher English,History, Civics, Geography

Free and fair election Mass literacy Corruption free state
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