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Why only carbon having catenation property. .?

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Catenation is the formation of bonds, due to the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Not only carbon, many other elements like silicon, sulphur etc. also exhibit the property of catenation. But, carbon is the only element that shows it to a greater extent, this is because of its... read more

Catenation is the formation of bonds, due to the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Not only carbon, many other elements like silicon, sulphur etc. also exhibit the property of catenation. But, carbon is the only element that shows it to a greater extent, this is because of its small structure, and also, the energy of all the carbon atoms are the same. Hence, it quickly makes bonds with the carbon atoms. Another reason why carbon shows the catenation property greatly is because of its tetra valence nature of the electrons.  

 

The elements with higher azimuthal quantum number exhibit lesser bond energy, which reflects in overlapping to form the bond.  Carbon has the least defuse valence shell. The p orbital forms a longer p-p sigma bond of atoms, compared to the heavier elements that bond through the higher valence shell orbitals. 

Catenation is influenced by:

  • Electronegativity of the element
  • Molecular Orbital Hybridization
  • Ability to form different covalent bonds.

 

The sigma bonds formed by the adjacent atoms in carbon is strong enough so that perfectly stabilized chains can be formed between the atoms. This is the reason why carbon exhibits the catenation property.

 

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carbon is not the only one with catenation property. Silicon shows it to quite a good extent, sulphur and boron has also been shown to catenate. carbon has highest degree of catenation because: 1. high C-C bond energy 2. tetravalency (large number of bonds) 3. small atomic size hence less diffused... read more
carbon is not the only one with catenation property. Silicon shows it to quite a good extent, sulphur and boron has also been shown to catenate. carbon has highest degree of catenation because: 1. high C-C bond energy 2. tetravalency (large number of bonds) 3. small atomic size hence less diffused orbital please never say that carbon is the only element to show catenation. O in ozone is catenated, Se and Te also show catenation read less
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Carbon only shows catenation property. Cartenation property means covalent bond formation within another carbon atom. It is due to the bonding of p-p orbital of carbon atoms to form a long chain.
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Because carbon has 4 valance electron. Every electron can bond any hydrogen electron so many new different elements are form..thats called catenation.
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Adobe Certified , Microsoft Certified Trainer with 9 years of experience

The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming... read more
The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming longer p-p sigma bonded chains of atoms than heavier elements which bond via higher valence shell orbitals. Catenation ability is also influenced by a range of steric and electronic factors, including the electronegativity of the element in question, the molecular orbital hybridization and the ability to form different kinds of covalent bonds. For carbon, the sigma overlap between adjacent atoms is sufficiently strong that perfectly stable chains can be formed. With other elements this was once thought to be extremely difficult in spite of plenty of evidence to the contrary. read less
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Accounting Experts

Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Catenation occurs most readily in carbon, which forms covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form longer chains and structures. This is the reason for the presence of the vast number of organic compounds in nature. Carbon is... read more
Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Catenation occurs most readily in carbon, which forms covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form longer chains and structures. This is the reason for the presence of the vast number of organic compounds in nature. Carbon is most well known for its properties of catenation, with organic chemistry essentially being the study of catenated carbon structures (otherwise known as catenae). However, carbon is by no means the only element capable of forming such catenae, and several other main group elements are capable of forming an expansive range of catenae, including silicon, sulfur and boron. The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming longer p-p sigma bonded chains of atoms than heavier elements which bond via higher valence shell orbitals. Catenation ability is also influenced by a range of steric and electronic factors, including the electronegativity of the element in question, the molecular orbital hybridization and the ability to form different kinds of covalent bonds. For carbon, the sigma overlap between adjacent atoms is sufficiently strong that perfectly stable chains can be formed. With other elements this was once thought to be extremely difficult in spite of plenty of evidence to the contrary. The versatile chemistry of elemental sulfur is largely due to catenation. In the native state, sulfur exists as S8 molecules. On heating these rings open and link together giving rise to increasingly long chains, as evidenced by the progressive increase in viscosity as the chains lengthen. Selenium and tellurium also show variants of these structural motifs. Silicon can form sigma bonds to other silicon atoms (and disilane is the parent of this class of compounds). However, it is difficult to prepare and isolate SinH2n+2 (analogous to the saturated alkane hydrocarbons) with n greater than about 8, as their thermal stability decreases with increases in the number of silicon atoms. Silanes higher in molecular weight than disilane decompose to polymeric polysilicon hydride and hydrogen.[1][2] But with a suitable pair of organic substituents in place of hydrogen on each silicon it is possible to prepare polysilanes (sometimes, erroneously called polysilenes) that are analogues of alkanes. These long chain compounds have surprising electronic properties - high electrical conductivity, for example - arising from sigma delocalization of the electrons in the chain.[3] Phosphorus chains (with organic substituents) have been prepared, although these tend to be quite fragile. Small rings or clusters are more common. Even silicon–silicon pi bonds are possible. However, these bonds are less stable than the carbon analogues. Disilane is quite reactive compared to ethane. Disilylenes are quite rare, unlike alkenes. Examples of disilynes, long thought to be too unstable to be isolated[4] were reported in 2004.[5] In recent years a variety of double and triple bonds between the semi-metallic elements have been reported, including silicon, germanium, arsenic, bismuth and so on. The ability of certain main group elements to catenate is currently the subject of research into inorganic polymers. read less
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The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming... read more
The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming longer p-p sigma bonded chains of atoms than heavier elements which bond via higher valence shell orbitals. read less
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Catenation means "self linking" and carbon is not the only element which shows this property ,for instance, chlorine also have catenation property Cl2,oxygen also have catenation property O2,O3,.... Only the catenation property of Carbon is greater than any other element.
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Math Magician

Carbon atom is small in size. Thus, its bonds with another carbon atom is quite strong as the shared pair of electron is quite close to the nucleus. Thus, carbon atoms often react to form long chains.
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ans. the carbon have only catenation process because the carbon atom is tetravalent and secondly from the old concept of organic compound that those substance which contain corbon atom is called organic compound and the catenation is the property of organic compound by this reason it is the catenation... read more
ans. the carbon have only catenation process because the carbon atom is tetravalent and secondly from the old concept of organic compound that those substance which contain corbon atom is called organic compound and the catenation is the property of organic compound by this reason it is the catenation process only present in carbon atom... read less
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