true

Find the best tutors and institutes for Class 12 Tuition

Find Best Class 12 Tuition

Please select a Category.

Please select a Locality.

No matching category found.

No matching Locality found.

Outside India?

Search for topics

Why only carbon having catenation property. .?

Asked by Last Modified  

Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Follow 7
Answer

33 Answers

Please enter your answer

Learn from experienced Digital Marketing Expert

carbon is not the only one with catenation property. Silicon shows it to quite a good extent, sulphur and boron has also been shown to catenate. carbon has highest degree of catenation because: 1. high C-C bond energy 2. tetravalency (large number of bonds) 3. small atomic size hence less diffused... read more
carbon is not the only one with catenation property. Silicon shows it to quite a good extent, sulphur and boron has also been shown to catenate. carbon has highest degree of catenation because: 1. high C-C bond energy 2. tetravalency (large number of bonds) 3. small atomic size hence less diffused orbital please never say that carbon is the only element to show catenation. O in ozone is catenated, Se and Te also show catenation read less
Comments

Because carbon has 4 valance electron. Every electron can bond any hydrogen electron so many new different elements are form..thats called catenation.
Comments

Adobe Certified Expert

The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming... read more
The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming longer p-p sigma bonded chains of atoms than heavier elements which bond via higher valence shell orbitals. Catenation ability is also influenced by a range of steric and electronic factors, including the electronegativity of the element in question, the molecular orbital hybridization and the ability to form different kinds of covalent bonds. For carbon, the sigma overlap between adjacent atoms is sufficiently strong that perfectly stable chains can be formed. With other elements this was once thought to be extremely difficult in spite of plenty of evidence to the contrary. read less
Comments

Accounting Experts

Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Catenation occurs most readily in carbon, which forms covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form longer chains and structures. This is the reason for the presence of the vast number of organic compounds in nature. Carbon is... read more
Catenation is the linkage of atoms of the same element into longer chains. Catenation occurs most readily in carbon, which forms covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form longer chains and structures. This is the reason for the presence of the vast number of organic compounds in nature. Carbon is most well known for its properties of catenation, with organic chemistry essentially being the study of catenated carbon structures (otherwise known as catenae). However, carbon is by no means the only element capable of forming such catenae, and several other main group elements are capable of forming an expansive range of catenae, including silicon, sulfur and boron. The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming longer p-p sigma bonded chains of atoms than heavier elements which bond via higher valence shell orbitals. Catenation ability is also influenced by a range of steric and electronic factors, including the electronegativity of the element in question, the molecular orbital hybridization and the ability to form different kinds of covalent bonds. For carbon, the sigma overlap between adjacent atoms is sufficiently strong that perfectly stable chains can be formed. With other elements this was once thought to be extremely difficult in spite of plenty of evidence to the contrary. The versatile chemistry of elemental sulfur is largely due to catenation. In the native state, sulfur exists as S8 molecules. On heating these rings open and link together giving rise to increasingly long chains, as evidenced by the progressive increase in viscosity as the chains lengthen. Selenium and tellurium also show variants of these structural motifs. Silicon can form sigma bonds to other silicon atoms (and disilane is the parent of this class of compounds). However, it is difficult to prepare and isolate SinH2n+2 (analogous to the saturated alkane hydrocarbons) with n greater than about 8, as their thermal stability decreases with increases in the number of silicon atoms. Silanes higher in molecular weight than disilane decompose to polymeric polysilicon hydride and hydrogen.[1][2] But with a suitable pair of organic substituents in place of hydrogen on each silicon it is possible to prepare polysilanes (sometimes, erroneously called polysilenes) that are analogues of alkanes. These long chain compounds have surprising electronic properties - high electrical conductivity, for example - arising from sigma delocalization of the electrons in the chain.[3] Phosphorus chains (with organic substituents) have been prepared, although these tend to be quite fragile. Small rings or clusters are more common. Even silicon–silicon pi bonds are possible. However, these bonds are less stable than the carbon analogues. Disilane is quite reactive compared to ethane. Disilylenes are quite rare, unlike alkenes. Examples of disilynes, long thought to be too unstable to be isolated[4] were reported in 2004.[5] In recent years a variety of double and triple bonds between the semi-metallic elements have been reported, including silicon, germanium, arsenic, bismuth and so on. The ability of certain main group elements to catenate is currently the subject of research into inorganic polymers. read less
Comments

DIPLOMA (Mechanical Engineering)DIPLOMA (Computers & Infor.Management)DIPLOMA (Business Administration)

The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming... read more
The ability of an element to catenate is primarily based on the bond energy of the element to itself, which decreases with more diffuse orbitals (those with higher azimuthal quantum number) overlapping to form the bond. Hence, carbon, with the least diffuse valence shell p orbital is capable of forming longer p-p sigma bonded chains of atoms than heavier elements which bond via higher valence shell orbitals. read less
Comments

Catenation means "self linking" and carbon is not the only element which shows this property ,for instance, chlorine also have catenation property Cl2,oxygen also have catenation property O2,O3,.... Only the catenation property of Carbon is greater than any other element.
Comments

Math Magician

Carbon atom is small in size. Thus, its bonds with another carbon atom is quite strong as the shared pair of electron is quite close to the nucleus. Thus, carbon atoms often react to form long chains.
Comments

ans. the carbon have only catenation process because the carbon atom is tetravalent and secondly from the old concept of organic compound that those substance which contain corbon atom is called organic compound and the catenation is the property of organic compound by this reason it is the catenation... read more
ans. the carbon have only catenation process because the carbon atom is tetravalent and secondly from the old concept of organic compound that those substance which contain corbon atom is called organic compound and the catenation is the property of organic compound by this reason it is the catenation process only present in carbon atom... read less
Comments

Carbon shows extremely catenation because it makes many elements
Comments

Math logic skills

Carbocations are reactive intermediates in many organic reactions.
Comments

View 31 more Answers

Related Lessons

Tension
Tension is a special type of force which is applicable in a stretchable body like rope or string. Its direction is towards the pulley. If rope or chain is massless,frictionless or smooth, then tension...

Shivendra Kumar | 29/07/2019

3 0
0

Nature and Significance of Principles of Management-HSC | Class 12
OC/OCM, Business Studies - Nature of Principles of Management | Significance of Principles of Management

Rajiv Vadera | 01/07/2019

0 0
0

Recommended Articles

Raghunandan is a passionate teacher with a decade of teaching experience. Being a skilled trainer with extensive knowledge, he provides high-quality BTech, Class 10 and Class 12 tuition classes. His methods of teaching with real-time examples makes difficult topics simple to understand. He explains every concept in-detail...

Read full article >

Sandhya is a proactive educationalist. She conducts classes for CBSE, PUC, ICSE, I.B. and IGCSE. Having a 6-year experience in teaching, she connects with her students and provides tutoring as per their understanding. She mentors her students personally and strives them to achieve their goals with ease. Being an enthusiastic...

Read full article >

If the internet has made it s way to all aspects of human life, no far stands classrooms from it. The boons of internet have entered the classrooms in the form of devices and this penetration of technology in the academic system is termed as e-learning. E-learning is a kind of teaching where computers with internet connection...

Read full article >

School, college, university or an open entrance exam, certain rules stands the same for any occasion. Doing mistake in these basic rules related to exams is foolish and simply impacts the examinee s performance. To help students score good and make any exam experience a memorable one, here is a list of six tips to follow....

Read full article >

Looking for Class 12 Tuition ?

Find best Class 12 Tuition in your locality on UrbanPro.

Are you a Tutor or Training Institute?

Join UrbanPro Today to find students near you
X

Looking for Class 12 Tuition Classes?

Find best tutors for Class 12 Tuition Classes by posting a requirement.

  • Post a learning requirement
  • Get customized responses
  • Compare and select the best

Looking for Class 12 Tuition Classes?

Find best Class 12 Tuition Classes in your locality on UrbanPro

Post your learning requirement

UrbanPro.com is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 25 lakh students rely on UrbanPro.com, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using UrbanPro.com, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 6.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on UrbanPro.com. Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more