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What is the role of NREGA?

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The MGNREGA has given rise to the largest employment programme in human history and is unlike any other wage employment programme in its scale, architecture and thrust. Its bottom-up, people centred, demand-driven, self-selecting, rights-based design is distinct and unprecedented. The MGNREGA provides... read more
The MGNREGA has given rise to the largest employment programme in human history and is unlike any other wage employment programme in its scale, architecture and thrust. Its bottom-up, people centred, demand-driven, self-selecting, rights-based design is distinct and unprecedented. The MGNREGA provides a legal guarantee for wage employment. It is a demand-driven programme where provision of work is triggered by the demand for work by wage-seekers. There are legal provisions for allowances and compensation both in cases of failure to provide work on demand and delays in payment of wages for work undertaken. The MGNREGA overcomes problems of targeting through its self-targeting mechanism of beneficiary selection, that is, a large percentage of poorest of the poor and marginalized seek employment under the Scheme. The Act incentivises States to provide employment, as 100 per cent of the unskilled labour cost and 75% of the material cost of the programme is borne by the Centre. Unlike the earlier wage employment programmes that were allocation-based, MGNREGA is demand driven and resource transfer from Centre to States is based on the demand for employment in each State. This provides an additional incentive for States to leverage the Act to meet the employment needs of the poor. There is also a concomitant disincentive for failing to provide work on time, as the States then bear the cost of the unemployment allowance. Gram Panchayats (GPs) are to implement at least 50 per cent of the works in terms of cost. This order of devolution of financial resources to GPs is unprecedented. Plans and decisions regarding the nature and choice of works to be undertaken, the order in which each work is to be triggered, site selection etc. are all to be made in open assemblies of the Gram Sabha(GS) and ratified by the GP. Works that are inserted at Intermediate Panchayat(IP) and District Panchayat(DP) level have to be approved and assigned a priority by the GS before administrative approval can be given. The GS may accept, amend or reject them. These decisions cannot be overturned by higher authorities, except to the extent of ensuring conformity with the provisions of the Act and its Operational Guidelines. This bottom-up, people-centred, demand-driven architecture also means that a great share of the responsibility for the success of the MGNREGA lies with wage-seekers, GSs and GPs. MGNREGA also marks a break from the relief programmes of the past towards an integrated natural resource management and livelihoods generation perspective. Social audit is a new feature that is an integral part of MGNREGA. Potentially, this creates unprecedented accountability of performance, especially towards immediate stakeholders. An Annual Report prepared by the Central Employment Guarantee Council (CEGC), on the outcomes of MGNREGA is required to be presented annually by the Central Government to Parliament. Likewise, the annual reports prepared by State Employment Guarantee Councils (SEGC) are to be presented to State Legislatures by the State Governments, facilitating oversight by elected representatives. The radically new character of the programme, requires innovative approaches for effective implementation. This will ensure that the novel elements of the MGNREGA are realised appropriately on the ground; at the cutting-edge level of its implementation. These Operational Guidelines have been issued to facilitate this compliance. read less
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Tutor

The NREGA was initiated with the objective of "enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work"
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The only way we can envision a decline in the size of the work guarantee over time, as public investment under MGNREGA leads to higher rural incomes, that in turn spurs private investment and greater incomes and employment.
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Tutor

The NREGA was initiated with the objective of "enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work"
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First of all NREGA is now known as MNREGA and it plays a really important role in indian rural economy. This is a scheme launched by indian govt in order to provide work to to labourers in rural areas of India. According to this scheme people work and get paid on the daily wages. This has helped a lot... read more
First of all NREGA is now known as MNREGA and it plays a really important role in indian rural economy. This is a scheme launched by indian govt in order to provide work to to labourers in rural areas of India. According to this scheme people work and get paid on the daily wages. This has helped a lot to the unemployed people living in rural areas to earn their daily bread and butter. read less
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Tutor

It help in making roads
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It aims to guarantee the right to work .for everybody. It also aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage-employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
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B.E graduate with a passion for teaching

NREGA,also known as MNREGA stands for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act,aims at providing at least 100 days of paid employment to every adult member/members of a household willing to do unskilled manual work.Other than the primary aim of fighting unemployment,NREGA aims at providing... read more
NREGA,also known as MNREGA stands for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act,aims at providing at least 100 days of paid employment to every adult member/members of a household willing to do unskilled manual work.Other than the primary aim of fighting unemployment,NREGA aims at providing economic security and empowerment of rural women, read less
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Teaher

The Act guaranteed at least 100 days of paid work in rural areas in a year. At the time it was widely hailed as definitely securing social justice to a very section of society, which had until then remained largely ignored and sidelined.
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