UrbanPro
true

Take Class 10 Tuition from the Best Tutors

  • Affordable fees
  • 1-1 or Group class
  • Flexible Timings
  • Verified Tutors

Acid, Base and Salts

Tejas Academy Centre
03/04/2017 0 0

The reaction of an acid with a base to produce only salt and water is called a neutralization reaction.

Acids

Acids are sour in taste.

If hydronium ions are found in a solution, the solution is acidic in nature. Hydronium ions are the only positively-charged ions (cations) formed when an acid dissolves in water. All the properties of an acid are due to the presence of these ions. The chemical formula of an hydronium ion is H3O1+.

An acid is known as a 'proton donor'.

Examples of Acids

Aqua Regia contains concentrated Nitric acid and concentrated Hydrochloric acid in the ratio 1:3. Aqua Regia means 'Royal Water' in Latin. It is used to dissolve noble metals like gold and platinum.

Milk contains lactic acid. Lactic acid is named after the Latin word 'lac', which means milk.

Vinegar is very dilute acetic acid. The vinegar used in cooking contains approximately 4% of acetic acid. The chemical formula of acetic acid is CH3COOH.

Sulfuric acid is used in the manufacture of many car batteries. It is also known as 'Oil of Vitriol'. The chemical formula of Sulfuric acid is H2SO4.

Carbonic acid is responsible for the 'fizz' in soft drinks. The carbonic acid decomposes into Carbon dioxide bubbles. The chemical formula of Carbonic acid is H2CO3.

Ascorbic acid is the chemical name of Vitamin C. Deficiency of Vitamin C in the body may result in a disease known as scurvy. The chemical formula of ascorbic acid is C6H8O6.

Bases

Bases are bitter in taste and soapy to touch.

If hydroxyl ions are found in a solution, the solution is basic in nature. Hydroxyl ions are the only negatively-charged ions (anions) formed when a base dissolves in water. All the properties of a base are due to the presence of these ions. The chemical formula of an hydroxyl ion is OH1-.

A base is known as a 'proton acceptor'.

Examples of Bases

Antacids help to neutralize the acidity (of hydrochloric acid) in the stomach. They chiefly contain two bases, namely Magnesium hydroxide and Aluminum hydroxide. The chemical formula of Magnesium hydroxide and Aluminum hydroxide is Mg(OH)2 and Al(OH)3 respectively.

Sodium hydroxide is also known as 'Caustic Soda'. Its chemical formula is NaOH.

Potassium hydroxide is also known as 'Caustic Potash'. It is used in the manufacture of alkaline batteries. Its chemical formula is KOH.

Ammonia is a basic gas which is used in the manufacture of fertilizers such as Urea, Ammonium nitrate, and Ammonium sulfate. Ammonia is produced for commercial purposes by the Haber's Process. When dissolved in water, Ammonia forms a base known as Ammonium hydroxide. The chemical formula of Ammonia is NH3.

Salts

A salt is defined as a compound formed by the complete or incomplete replacement of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic radical.

A normal salt is formed by the complete replacement of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic radical whereas an acid salt is formed by the incomplete replacement of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic radical.

Examples of Salts

Sodium sulfate is a normal salt whereas Sodium bisulfate is an acid salt.

Sodium sulfide is soluble in water whereas Copper carbonate, Lead chloride, and Barium sulfate are insoluble in water.

Sodium carbonate is used in the manufacture of detergents and glass.

Zinc sulfide is insoluble in water whereas Potassium phosphate, Ammonium carbonate, and Barium chloride are soluble in water.

Ammonium nitrate is used in the manufacture of fertilizers.

0 Dislike
Follow 1

Please Enter a comment

Submit

Other Lessons for You

Reflection Of Light (Questions)
1. Question: Define reflection of light. Answer: The phenomenon by which a ray of light changes the direction of propagation when it strikes a boundary between different media through which it cannot...

Factors
A whole number that can be divided cleanly into another whole number is called a factor of that number. Example: Factors of 10 10 can be evenly divided by 1, as 10 ÷ 1 = 10 ...
A

Amrtha S.

0 0
0

Most important aspect in answering in JEE/NEET exams: Time Management w. r. t. Choosing of Questions
Generally, the students do not plan out how much time to spend on various questions. In most cases, they try to attend questions in the order of the paper. They spend more time on the earlier questions...
D

Dr. Mrinmoy Garai

0 0
0

HOW TO REMOVE EXAM FOBIA
EXAMS ARE ALWAYS FEARED THE STUDENTS, BUT THIS FEAR CAN BE OVERCOME. 1. THINK POSITIVE 2. LEARN CONTINUESLY AND REPEAT. 3.STUDY IN EARLY MORNING. 4. TRY TO WRITE WHAT TO REMEBER. 5. NEVER LOSE HOPE...
M

Mohit S.

1 0
0

Structure and Properties of Diamond
Structure:Diamond crystals found in nature are generally octahedral (eight faced). In the structure of diamond, each carbon i linked to four other carbon atoms forming regular and tetrahedral arrangement...
X

Looking for Class 10 Tuition Classes?

The best tutors for Class 10 Tuition Classes are on UrbanPro

  • Select the best Tutor
  • Book & Attend a Free Demo
  • Pay and start Learning

Take Class 10 Tuition with the Best Tutors

The best Tutors for Class 10 Tuition Classes are on UrbanPro

This website uses cookies

We use cookies to improve user experience. Choose what cookies you allow us to use. You can read more about our Cookie Policy in our Privacy Policy

Accept All
Decline All

UrbanPro.com is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 55 lakh students rely on UrbanPro.com, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using UrbanPro.com, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 7.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on UrbanPro.com. Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more