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Lesson on EVS

Shilpi B.
14 Sep 0 0


Chapter: Living and non-living things

Introduction: We observe many things in nature, outside and inside of our house. All these things are categorised into two essential parts - 'Living' and 'Non-living'.

Aims and objective of this study : 

After learning this topic child will be able to identify living and non-living things. They will also know the difference in handling a living creature and a non-living substance.

Definition :

  • Living thing - A thing which has life and gives a response to a particular situation is called a living thing.
  • Non-living thing - A thing which does not have life is called a non-living thing. A non-living thing gives a response to a particular stimulation.

Examples :

  • Living things - Human being, trees, insects, birds, fish, frog etc.
  • Non-living things - Table, chair, clothes, metals, mountains, rivers, water, air etc.

Features :

  • Living things
  1. Living things need air to live.
  2. Living things need food and water.
  3. Living things can grow.
  4. Living things can reproduce. They can give birth to their babies.
  5. Living things can move.
  6. Living things can feel and give a response.
  7. All living things will die.
  • Non-living things
  1. They do not have life; so they neither grow nor give a response to any stimulation.
  2. They can not reproduce.
  3. They only occupy space.
  4. They are of three types - solid, liquid and gas.
  5. They can not move on their own.
  6. They do not have a definite life span.

Difference between living and non-living things :

           Living things                     Non-living things
Living things have life. Non-living things do not have life.
They need food to grow. They do not grow.
They give a response. They do not give a response.
They can move. They can not move on their own.
They have a definite life span. They do not have a definite life span.
Examples-trees, animals, insects, fish etc. Examples- Chair, table, air, water mountain river etc.


Summary :

         Living and non-living things create our nature. Living things grow, take food and water from nature, move from one space to another, reproduce and die at a definite time. Non-living things are also a part of our nature. As they have no life, they do not need food and water to grow. They do not have self-movement. They do not reproduce. They may change, but they do not die.

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