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VLAN Class

08/09/2020 0 0
  • Divides a Single Broadcast domain into Multiple Broadcast domains.
  • By default, all ports of the switch are in VLAN1.
  • VLAN1 is known as Administrative VLAN or Management VLAN or Native VLAN
  • Controls broadcast like ARP
  • Provides hierarchical subnet usage
  • VLAN provides Layer 2 Security
  • VLAN configuration issues:
  • A switch creates a broadcast domain.
  • VLANs help manage broadcast domains.
  • VLANs can be defined on port groups, users or protocols.
  • LAN switches and network management software provide a mechanism to create VLANs
  • VLANs help control the size of broadcast domains and localize traffic.
  • VLANs are associated with individual networks.
  • Devices in different VLANs cannot directly communicate without the intervention of a Layer 3 routing device.


VLAN range is 1-4094

  • 1-1001 are usable normal-range VLANs
  • 1002-1005 are reserved for token ring
  • 1006-4094 are extended-range VLANs 



VLAN Creation 

Switch(config)# vlan
Switch(config-Vlan)# name
Switch(config-Vlan)# Exit

Access Port Configuration

ACCESS PORT = Switchport configured for only a single broadcast domain (VLAN).

Switch(config)# interface
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan

Verify using
Switch # show VLAN

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