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Lesson Posted 3 days ago Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/German Language

German For Beginners

Priyanka

I have been associated with German for the last 10 years and have worked extensively with Germans. I...

Language learning is often considered to be rocket science. While it has nothing to do with actual rockets, it can sometimes be quite difficult, especially when you're confronted with a rather complex language like German. You hear about difficult grammatical cases like "Akusativ "or "Dativ ", and you... read more

Language learning is often considered to be rocket science. While it has nothing to do with actual rockets, it can sometimes be quite difficult, especially when you're confronted with a rather complex language like German. You hear about difficult grammatical cases like "Akusativ "or "Dativ ", and you end up feeling overwhelmed. But essentially, the secret to learning German lies in talking as much as possible.

 

I have always suggested that you shouldn't worry about grammar too much in the beginning. Don't let complicated rules get in the way of out what you actually want to do: to speak German. Of course, you will be getting a lot of things wrong when starting out. But to me, the thing that boosts your language skills like nothing else is shamelessly speaking your target language as much as possible. And I recommend doing it from the very first day of learning. It's learning by doing really, just like how children do it.

 

But where do you begin? How can you start talking if you have zero knowledge about the language you want to learn? I've discovered a very simple system to start out with any language that I call the 10x10x10 method. Of course, you can use this for any language, but in this article – since I'm a German teacher – I'm going to use German as an example.

 

Basically, the method states that once you know 10 nouns, 10 verbs and 10 adjectives, you can form 1000 sentences. Quite a lot already, right? Of course, some of them won't make too much sense, but 800 phrases are not too bad either, aren't they? And anyone can learn 30 vocabulary words in a few days. I picked out here what I believe are the most valuable 10 words of each category. Here we go!

 

Nouns

 

  1. Der Mann – the man
  2. Die Frau – the woman
  3. Das Kind – the child
  4. Das Auto – the car
  5. Das Brot – the bread
  6. Das Haus – the house
  7. Die Stadt – the city
  8. Das Land – the country
  9. Das Geld – the money
  10. Das Buch – the book

 

Verbs

(I added the present tense conjugations.)

 

  1. sein – to be
    • ich bin   
    • du bist   
    • er / sie / es ist
    • wir sind   
    • ihr seid
    • sie sind
  2. sehen – to see
    • ich sehe   
    • du siehst   
    • er / sie / es sieht
    • wir sehen
    • ihr seht
    • sie sehen
  3. werden – to become
    • ich werde
    • du wirst
    • er / sie / es wird
    • wir werden
    • ihr werdet   
    • sie werden
  4. gehen – to go
    • ich gehe
    • du gehst
    • er / sie / es geht
    • wir gehen
    • ihr geht
    • sie gehen
  5. verlassen – to leave
    • ich verlasse   
    • du verlässt
    • er / sie / es verlässt
    • wir verlassen
    • ihr verlasst
    • sie verlassen
  6. kommen – to come
    • ich komme
    • du kommst
    • er / sie / es kommt
    • wir kommen
    • ihr kommt
    • sie kommen
  7. essen – to eat
    • ich esse
    • du isst   
    • er / sie / es isst   
    • wir essen
    • ihr esst
    • sie essen
  8. brauchen – to need
    1. ich brauche
    2. du brauchst
    3. er / sie / es braucht   
    4. wir brauchen
    5. ihr braucht
    6. sie brauchen
  9. wachsen – to grow
    1. ich wachse
    2. du wächst
    3. er / sie / es wächst
    4. wir wachsen
    5. ihr wachst
    6. sie wachsen
  10. geben – to give
    1. ich gebe
    2. du gibst
    3. er / sie / es gibt
    4. wir geben
    5. ihr gebt   
    6. sie geben

 

 

Adjectives

 

  1. schwarz – black
  2. weiß – white
  3. groß – big
  4. klein – small
  5. lang – long
  6. kurz –     short
  7. gut – good
  8. schlecht – bad
  9. schön – beautiful
  10. hässlich – ugly

 

Now, as you have seen, you'll actually be learning a bit more than just 30 words, because you will be learning the conjugations of the verbs, as well as the basic personal pronouns. But don't worry, you will acquire the extra knowledge naturally as you study your vocabulary. I suggest you make 30 vocabulary cards, one for each word that I recommend here. Of course, feel free to replace some of them, if you can think of words that are more relevant to you and what you want to say.

 

I don't think you have to study a lot until you know these few basic words by heart. And once you know them, you can express yourself in German! Here are some examples of what you can say now:

 

  • Das Haus ist groß. - The house is big.
  • Die Frau ist schön. - The woman is beautiful.
  • Die Stadt wächst. - The city grows.
  • Ich verlasse das Land. - I leave the country.
  • Wir essen Brot. - We eat bread.
  • Das Buch ist gut. - The book is good.

 

As you see, you have now acquired a really good stock of words for various situations and opinions. I urge you to go out and practice these words all the time. You see a black car driving by? Just say in your head: "Das Auto ist schwarz. "You see a tall man in the street? "Der Mann ist groß. "You can also comment on your daily activities: "Ich gebe das Geld. Ich esse das Brot. "As you do this, a very important thing happens: you get a feel for the language. You see patterns in conjugation and sentence structure. You see similarities between German and English. You start to get to know how German is spoken and what it feels like. That's a great point to move on from and dive deeper into the language.

 

I hope this simple method helps you to get a good headstart into learning German. As I have said, don't worry too much about things like grammar or complicated rules in the beginning. It's always better to start talking right off the bat, and then fine-tune your language later on. Be like a child, and express yourself in the most basic way! I firmly believe that this is the best and fastest way to learn a new language.

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Answered on 12 May Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/IELTS Coaching/Band 6 in IELTS

R Banerjee Banerjee

Till Band 8 it is pretty straightforward and doable. However, things change once you start aiming for the perfect scores. Band 9 requires extensive reading, rich vocabulary and the art of storytelling.
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Lesson Posted on 25 May Exam Coaching/ICWA Coaching Tuition/BBA Tuition Tuition/BCom Tuition

VALUATION OF GOODWILL

Gayatri D.

I am experienced and qualified Chartered accountant having teaching experience of 7 years in Accounts,...

This is one of the important chapter in graduation level as well as in professional exams. The brief notes on methods and calculation of Goodwill in easy steps is presented below: Methods of Valuation of Goodwill Average Profits Method Super Profits Method Annuity Method Capitalisation Method By... read more

 This is one of the important chapter in graduation level as well as in professional exams.

The brief notes on methods and calculation of Goodwill in easy steps is presented below:

Methods of Valuation of Goodwill

  1. Average Profits Method
  2. Super Profits Method
  3. Annuity Method
  4. Capitalisation Method
    1. By Average Profits Method
    2. By Super Profits Method

 

 Let us discuss each method in detail.

  1. AVERAGE PROFITS METHOD

STEPS for calculation

  1. Adjusted average annual profits (See note 1)
  2. Number of years of purchase (given in question)
  3. Value of Goodwill= Adjusted average annual profits multiplied by number of years of purchase

Note :

  • If number of years of purchase for valuation of goodwill not given in question, then the number of years for which data of profit or loss are given should be taken.

 

  1. Calculation of Adjusted average annual profits:

 

      Steps for calculating it are as follows:

  • Calculation of Adjusted profits OR Adjusted Future profits OR Future Maintainable Profits

 

Particulars

Rs.

Profits   (given in Question)

---

Add: All expenses and losses not likely to occur or incur in future (e.g. extraordinary salary of a person, loss from fire or theft, abnormal losses, capital expenses etc.)

---

Add: All profits likely to come in the future

(e.g. profit due to new line of business)

---

Less: All expenses and losses likely to occur in future (e.g. salaries on new appointments etc.)

---

Less: Profits not likely to occur

---

ADJUSTED PROFIT /FUTURE PROFIT

---

  •  Calculation of Adjusted average profits

There are 2 methods:

Simple average method

(If in the question there is fluctuation in the profits for given periods with no specific trend then use this method). The formula is

 Total adjusted profits of all the given years divided by number of years

 

Weighted average method

(Increasing or Decreasing trend in the profits for periods given in the question then use this method). The format for calculating it is as follows

 

Profits

weights

Product

(profits for all years

(greater weightage for recent years and less weightage for earlier or past years)

(profits multiplied by weights)

  

  1. SUPER PROFITS METHOD

STEPS for calcuation

  1. Adjusted average annual profits (See Note below)
  2. Average Capital Employed (See Note below)
  3. Normal Rate of Return (given in question)
  4. Normal Profits = Average Capital Employed multiplied by Normal Rate of Return
  5. Super Profits = Adjusted average annual profits less Normal Profits
  6. Value of Goodwill = Super Profits multiplied by number of years of purchase

Note

  • Calculation of Adjusted average annual profits (as discussed earlier)
  • Calculation of Average Capital Employed

            There are two ways to ascertain Average Capital Employed.Asset Based Approach

Particulars

rupees

Assets (other than non-trading assets , intangible assets and fictitious assets) at market value

---

Less: Liabilities to outsiders at revised values

---

CAPITAL EMPLOYEDAT THE END OF THE YEAR

---

Less: Half of the profit earned during the year

---

AVERAGE CAPITAL EMPLOYED FOR THE YEAR

---

 

 

 Liabilities Based Approach

Particulars

rupees

rupees

Equity Share Capital

 

---

Preference Share Capital

 

---

Reserves and Surplus

 

---

Profit on Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities

 

---

 

 

---

Less: Goodwill at book value

---

 

Accumulated Losses and expenses not yet written off

---

 

Loss on Revaluation

---

---

CAPITAL EMPLOYEDAT THE END OF THE YEAR

 

---

Less: Half of the profit earned during the year

 

---

AVERAGE CAPITAL EMPLOYED FOR THE YEAR

 

---

 

 

 

  1. ANNUITY METHOD 

STEPS for calculation

  1. Super Profits (Refer Super Profits method )
  2. Annuity Value (given in question)
  3. Value of Goodwill = Super profits multiplied by Annuity Value

 

  1. CAPITALISATION METHOD

By Average Profits Method

STEPS for calculation

  1. Adjusted average annual profits (See Note below)
  2. Normal Rate of Return (given in question)
  3. Total Value of Business = (Adjusted average annual profits divided by Normal Rate of Return) multiplied by 100
  4. Value of Goodwill = Total Value of Business Less Capital Employed

 Note: Capital Employed = Assets minus Liabilities

 

By Super Profits Method

 STEPS for calculation

  1. Super Profits (Refer Super Profits method )
  2. Normal Rate of Return (given in question)
  3. Value of Goodwill = (Super Profits divided by NRR) multipled by 100

 

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Lesson Posted on 28 May Music/Instrumental Music/Piano Music Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/Music Theory

Find your notes! (Piano)

Anubrato Ghatak

I have been teaching Western Classical and Popular Music, subjects Violin, Viola, Cello, Piano, Guitar,...

Each line and space on the staff (also called stave) denotes a specific pitch (that is, a specific key on your piano). You can easily remember the scheme with the help of a few mental markers, such as Middle C. read more

Each line and space on the staff (also called stave) denotes a specific pitch (that is, a specific key on your piano). You can easily remember the scheme with the help of a few mental markers, such as Middle C.

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Answered on 26 May Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/Advanced Placement Tests Coaching/Music Theory

Pandit Shyamalendu roy

Vocal classical Professional music teacher and performer

Swar is the Pillars of Sangeet
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Lesson Posted on 26 May Exam Coaching/MBA Entrance Coaching

Distance MBA - Is it for fresher or working professionals.

PSB Tutorials

I am an MBA with around 10 years of corporate experience as manager human resources and now running a...

Students are now going for distance MBA for various reasons. In order to be successful in whatever a student do he or she would now the core reason behind doing an MBA and how the certificate will help them to grasp a good job. It is not advisable for a fresher to go for distance MBA because he or she... read more

Students are now going for distance MBA for various reasons. In order to be successful in whatever a student do he or she would now the core reason behind doing an MBA and how the certificate will help them to grasp a good job. It is not advisable for a fresher to go for distance MBA because he or she does not have any corporate exposure and thereby learning MBA at home will not help anyway but we all cannot afford a regular MBA, hence a fresher first should try to get a good job and then go for a distance MBA from a reputed university like ICFAI, IGNOU etc. Working professionals get a better exposure after doing a distance MBA as they are practically aware of all the corporate behaviour and environment and MBA degree will thus enhance their theoretical knowledge. 

Best of luck students! 

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Answered on 16 Apr Exam Coaching/MBA Entrance Coaching IT Courses/OsCommerce Tuition/BCom Tuition

Kajal t.

FRIENDLY NATURE WITH STUDENTS AND FOCUS TO CLEAR CONCEPT

If you are interested in doing CA and another professional course, then you can opt. Otherwise, start a job as an intern in any CA firm or other company.Many short term courses are available in the market, which is only waste your time and money. If you want to do better in your career, then choose a... read more

If you are interested in doing CA and another professional course, then you can opt. Otherwise, start a job as an intern in any CA firm or other company.
Many short term courses are available in the market, which is only waste your time and money. If you want to do better in your career, then choose a professional course instead of choosing other short term courses. However, it is my view, and the decision is entirely up to you.

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Lesson Posted on 08/08/2019 Exam Coaching/English Olympiad

What impression do you get of Beethoven as a person when you read the text ,

Ranadip

Ans: Ludwig Van Beethoven was a great musician and composer. In this story, we come across the generous and humanitarian side of Beethoven as well. While taking a stroll with his friend on a moonlit night, his ears are regaled by the sound of beautiful music. He listens and understands it was his own... read more

Ans: Ludwig Van Beethoven was a great musician and composer. In this story, we come across the generous and humanitarian side of Beethoven as well. While taking a stroll with his friend on a moonlit night, his ears are regaled by the sound of beautiful music. He listens and understands it was his own Sonata F being played. Soon, however, the music is replaced by sobs. The blind young girl who plays the harpsichord feels incapable of playing such lovely music. She wishes she could have attended a musical concert by Beethoven. On hearing this, Beethoven immediately obliges and enters the small cottage from where the music was coming. Initially, Beethoven doesn’t disclose his identity. However, he plays beautiful music to make the girl’s wish come true. Beethoven was thus a kind-hearted and good-natured man who performed a concert at his fan’s residence as she could not afford to pay and attend his show. He inspired her and was thus also a great patron of music. Beethoven’s kindness, compassion and creative genius shine forth in this story. He finds the setting to be beautiful and on a creative impulse composes “A moonlight sonata” which is mesmerizing beautiful. Thus his creative genius is also seen. However, what stands out in the story is Beethoven’s down to earth nature, his kindness and his willingness to encourage aspiring musicians.

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Answered 2 days ago Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/GRE Coaching

What is the best way to retain GRE vocabulary for a much longer time?

Chinu Vasudeva

Have 14+ Years Experience in Education Sector |

In case you wish to retain that long unending list of GRE Vocab, 1. You will have to try and bring those words in daily usage. 2. Keep revisiting vocab lists weekly. 3. Download flashcards(Magoosh/Schoalrden/ etc..) on your phone. 4. Download "word of the day" app and be sure to visit the app regula... read more

In case you wish to retain that long unending list of GRE Vocab, 

1. You will have to try and bring those words in daily usage.

2. Keep revisiting vocab lists weekly.

3. Download flashcards(Magoosh/Schoalrden/ etc..) on your phone.

4. Download "word of the day" app and be sure to visit the app regularly.

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Answered 2 days ago Exam Coaching/Foreign Education Exam Coaching/GRE Coaching

Does masters in Management of Technology require a GRE score? What is the cut off generally?

Chinu Vasudeva

Have 14+ Years Experience in Education Sector |

Depends on which college/University/Country you're targeting and what are their eligibility criterion. Most of the top universities in the US require a GRE score. Anything above 315/340 is a decent score to apply to. If you're looking at top schools plus scholarships, then you must aim higher at about... read more

Depends on which college/University/Country you're targeting and what are their eligibility criterion. Most of the top universities in the US require a GRE score. Anything above 315/340 is a decent score to apply to. If you're looking at top schools plus scholarships, then you must aim higher at about 325+. Admissions are not only dependent on GRE scores, but admissions team look at other aspects also, such as Essays, LORs, SOPs, Extracurricular, GPAs etc. 

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