Derivatives Updates

Ask a Question

Post a Lesson

All

All

Lessons

Discussion

Lesson Posted on 21/03/2017 Tuition/BCom Tuition Tuition/BCom Tuition/Accounting Information Systems Tuition/BCom Tuition/Banking Law and Operation +7 Tuition/BBA Tuition Tuition/BBA Tuition/Auditing Tuition/BBA Tuition/Corporate Accounting Derivatives Financial Planning/Mutual Funds Exam Coaching/CA Coaching Tuition/MBA Tuition less

Raising Fund through Commercial Paper.

TAF Institute

I am Co Founder of TAF Institute which provide certificate course in Taxation, Accounts and Finance and...

Raising Fund through Commercial Paper: Every business requires the funds for expansion. The requirement of fund can be both Long term and short term. The cost of raising funds for a business is very important and material. Lets discuss about the short term funding. There are number of ways from which... read more

Raising Fund through Commercial Paper:

Every business requires the funds for expansion. The requirement of fund can be both Long term and short term.  The cost of raising funds for a business is very important and material. Lets discuss about the short term funding.  There are number of ways from which business can raise the funds for short term requirements. Below are some of the options:

  1. Through Banks
  2. Through Private Money Lenders
  3. Advances against the Asset
  4. CP’s

In this short term funds requirement, I will be giving some brief overview of Commercial Papers.

Commercial Paper:

Commercial Paper is one of the modes of raising the funds for short term purpose. Commercial Papers fulfil the short term capital requirement of the Corporate and diversify the source of financing.

Lets understand, what is Commercial Paper and how it is cost effective than bank loans.

Commercial Paper as per RBI,

CP’s are unsecured money market which is issued in the form of Promissory Note”. 

CP’s were introduced by the RBI in 1990 to aid companies in raising money. The Growth of Commercial Paper market in India money market is higher due to rates of bank loans.

How Commercial Paper Works?

First of all, not all business can raise the money through Commercial Paper. There are some eligibility criteria for raising the funds through Commercial Paper.  The Commercial Papers can be issued only by Corporate having net worth more than 4 Cr., Primary Dealers and All India Financial Institutions (FIs). For issuing the CP, eligible participant also needs the credit ratings. Also, Commercial Papers are issued at Discount and Face Value of CP’s is Rs. 500,000.

There are issuers in Market and there are subscribers in the market. Issuers as stated above and subscribers can be Individuals, NRI, Corporate Bodies, Banks, FII’s etc. So, the issuer of CP can directly sell to investors or CP dealers who in turn resell into the money market. CP’s are actively traded into OTC market.

How CP’s are more Beneficial than Banks for Short Term Financing?

Commercial Papers are more beneficial than any other source of finance. The only disadvantage of Commercial Paper is that it is its eligibility criteria, as it is easily available to Top Rated companies. Below are some important benefits of raising funds through CP’s :

  1. Commercial Papers are very easy and quickly available source for finance.
  1. Cost of Finance: The cost of CP’s ranges from 6-8% and with regard to banks and other sources of finance it ranges from 10-12%. So the raising of the funds from Commercial Paper is always beneficial.
  1. Amount of CP: The eligible issuer can issue the commercial paper of amount which is approved by the board of directors or as prescribed by the Credit Agency whichever is lower. The amount which is to be raised does not depend on the working capital limits. Hence company can issue the CP over and above the working capital limits.
  1. Easy Exit: If issuer is in no need of funds, it can easily buy back the CP and can make the exit from the market.

The availability of cheaper funds in the money market always better than Bank Loans. Hence companies are routing to CP’s for short term borrowing now a days.

read less
Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 26/11/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of cos[(square of (x) + 1)] with respect to x?

Sarvajeet Kumar

An Experienced Trainer

-2x.
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 26/11/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of [x cos(x)] with respect to x?

Sarvajeet Kumar

An Experienced Trainer

cos(x) - xsin(x).
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 26/11/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of [square of (x) - 9] / (x - 3) with respect to x?

Sarvajeet Kumar

An Experienced Trainer

1
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 26/11/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of (cube of sinx)(cube of cosx) with respect to x?

Sarvajeet Kumar

An Experienced Trainer

3(square of tanx) (square of secx).
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 08/12/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of (ax + cot x) with respect to x?

Shreyans

Software Engineer

a - (Cosec)^2 X.
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 06/12/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of (2 sin 90 + 2 cos 90) with respect to angle?

Nirmal Bhasu D.

Maths Tutors

Zero.
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 08/12/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of (1 + tan 45) with respect to angle?

Jeet Mishra

it's a constant. So, the answer is zero.
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 08/12/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of (tan 2x - x) with respect to x?

Jeet Mishra

2 (square of Sec2x) - 1.
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

Answered on 02/12/2016 CBSE/Class 12/Science/Mathematics Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC) Derivatives

Write the derivative of (x - 4)/(4 + x) with respect to x?

Sarvajeet Kumar

An Experienced Trainer

8/square of (x+4).
Answers 1 Comments
Dislike Bookmark

About UrbanPro

UrbanPro.com helps you to connect with the best in India. Post Your Requirement today and get connected.

Overview

Questions 20

Total Shares  

+ Follow 22 Followers

Top Contributors

Connect with Expert Tutors & Institutes for Derivatives

x

Ask a Question

Please enter your Question

Please select a Tag

UrbanPro.com is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 25 lakh students rely on UrbanPro.com, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using UrbanPro.com, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 6.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on UrbanPro.com. Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more