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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

What was the Copernican revolution?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The Copernican Revolution was the paradigm shift from the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which described the cosmos as having Earth stationary at the center of the universe, to the heliocentric model with the Sun at the center of the Solar System.The 16th century finally saw what came to be a watershed... read more

The Copernican Revolution was the paradigm shift from the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which described the cosmos as having Earth stationary at the center of the universe, to the heliocentric model with the Sun at the center of the Solar System.The 16th century finally saw what came to be a watershed in the development of Cosmology. In 1543 Nicolas Copernicus published his treatise De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (The Revolution of Celestial Spheres) where a new view of the world is presented: the heliocentric model. The story of Copernican Revolution is the classic example of a major shift in worldview. So, before exploring what is happening in the present day and where it may be leading us, let us first go back and briefly recap the salient features of this earlier revolution. 

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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Mention any two characteristic features of Genghis Khan.

Sujoy D.

Tutor

In his opinion , the most important thing was loyalty. He didn’t recruit the ones who seem rebellious. You can walk from Korea to Germany and nothing will happen to you in his empire because his authority was so strong that peoples can’t dare to commit a crime. He basically made the trade... read more

In his opinion , the most important thing was loyalty. He didn’t recruit the ones who seem rebellious.

You can walk from Korea to Germany and nothing will happen to you in his empire because his authority was so strong that peoples can’t dare to commit a crime. He basically made the trade in the Silkroad and the Spice route safe again. Everyone accepted that. If you are a merchant, than you might thank to Genghis Khan for making you rich, if you can survive.

His empire based on meritocracy. He gathered all the qualified men no matter the race. One of his best commanders, Subedei, he was a Tuvan , a Turkic tribe in Central Asia.

We all know that his wrath is deadly but he didn’t massacred the peoples if they surrender at first. Basically, he kills you if you fight against them.

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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

How Deng Xioping brought the socialist market economy in china?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

Although the United States and the European Union continue to deny that China has established a market economy, a number of other nations, including New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, have agreed that China has. When most Chinese were fearful even to mention the term "market economy," the... read more

Although the United States and the European Union continue to deny that China has established a market economy, a number of other nations, including New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, have agreed that China has.

When most Chinese were fearful even to mention the term "market economy," the late leader Deng Xiaoping vigorously preached its adoption during his historic 1992 inspection tour to south China. Deng's bold remarks brushed aside ignorance and deep-rooted prejudice over market economies, which socialist Chinese used to call "capitalist rubbish."

What Deng clarified on the market economy issue made him an unrivaled economic pioneer in China. He said in his most frequently quoted words that "Practice of a planned economy is not equivalent to socialism because there is planning under capitalism too; Practice of a market economy is not equivalent to capitalism because there are markets under socialism too."

Experts believe Deng's simple but penetrating paradox opened China's access to a market economy.

In 1993, the year after Deng made his historic remarks, more than 40 well-known Chinese economics scholars published the book " Chinese Leading Economists on Reform." In it, the economists discuss the feasibility and legality of the market economy that would come into being in a socialist country.

It seemed that academic thinkers were following in the statesman's steps.

Deng originally surprised the world with his "non-socialist" opinions in 1979, when China kicked off the landmark government reform and opening up drive. In a meeting with visiting foreign guests, Deng amazed them by unexpectedly asking "Why can't a socialist country have a market economy?" Later China created its four Special Economic Zones where a fledgling market economy began to take shape.

"Deng Xiaoping is known as the 'chief architect' for China's reform and opening up policies," said Ding Chun, an economics professor at Shanghai-based Fudan University. "China didn't clearly articulate that the goal of economic reform was to establish a socialist market economy until 1992 when Deng Xiaoping made his south China tour and gave speeches on the market economy."

Deng's foresight and determination encouraged him to push through implementation and improvement of Chinese-style market economy, which maintained many "Chinese characteristics" that fit China's actuality, according to Ding.

China's market economy has been successful and prosperous, though negotiations over the market economy status will continue and bargaining between China and its US and EU partners will remain hard.

Over the past decade, China's gross domestic product grew by more than 8 percent per year, and its foreign currency reserve exceeds 400 billion US dollars. Most economists agree that it is simply a matter of time until China's full market economy status is recognized by major economic powers.  Some Chinese see US and EU reluctance to grant China full market economy status might result from the desire to hold the upper hand in negotiations over other issues, such as pressuring China to open its doors wider and faster in some industries.

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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

What were the crusades?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns during the time of Medieval England against the Muslims of the Middle East. In 1076, the Muslims had captured Jerusalem – the most holy of holy places for Christians. ... He was crucified on Calvary Hill, also in Jerusalem.The Crusades were a series... read more
The Crusades were a series of military campaigns during the time of Medieval England against the Muslims of the Middle East. In 1076, the Muslims had captured Jerusalem – the most holy of holy places for Christians. ... He was crucified on Calvary Hill, also in Jerusalem.The Crusades were a series of religious wars between Christians and Muslims started primarily to secure control of holy sites considered sacred by both groups. In all, eight major Crusade expeditions occurred between 1096 and 1291.The Crusades were a series of military campaigns during the time of Medieval England against the Muslims of the Middle East. In 1076, the Muslims had captured Jerusalem – the most holy of holy places for Christians.
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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Why Dr. Sun-Yet-Sen. is regarded as the founder of modern china?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

It is clear why ROC considers Sun as the father of the nation.The reason why PRC takes Sun yat-senas the father of the nation is somehow as Richie said. There are some other points I can add.PRC, or CCP considers Chiang Kai-shek was not the successor of Sun, and the KMT ruled by Chiang was not the same... read more

It is clear why ROC considers Sun as the father of the nation.
The reason why PRC takes Sun yat-senas the father of  the nation is somehow as Richie said. There are some other points I can add.
PRC, or CCP considers Chiang Kai-shek was not the successor of Sun, and the KMT ruled by Chiang was not the same as the KMT founded by Sun. CCP claims that Chiang went against Sun's will and CCP is somehow the successor of KMT founded by Sun and Sun's will. When Sun was alive, he tried to cooperate with CCP in order to reunite China. Sun was friendly to CCP, even at that time CCP was very weak. When CCP took over the most part of China, some CCP leaders would even like to use ROC as the name of the China controlled by CCP.
Personally, I think CCP knows that KMT has great influence on the Chinese people  for its contribution to the founding of a new China. If CCP claims that Sun is "as bad as Chiang", most Chinese people will not support CCP.

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Answered on 15 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

What was the protestant reformation?

Ramya

Primary Teacher

The Protestant Reformation was a widespread theological revolt in Europe against the abuses and totalitarian control of the Roman Catholic Church. Reformers such as Martin Luther in Germany, Ulrich Zwingli in Switzerland, and John Calvin in France protested various unbiblical practices of the Catholic... read more

The Protestant Reformation was a widespread theological revolt in Europe against the abuses and totalitarian control of the Roman Catholic Church. Reformers such as Martin Luther in Germany, Ulrich Zwingli in Switzerland, and John Calvin in France protested various unbiblical practices of the Catholic Church and promoted a return to sound biblical doctrine. The precipitating event of the Protestant Reformation is generally considered to be Luther’s posting of his Ninety-five Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Church on October 31, 1517.

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Answered on 31 Jan CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

What is the New Testament?

Sujoy D.

Tutor

The New Testament (Greek: ? Καιν? Διαθ?κη, H? Kain? Diath?k?; Latin: Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings... read more

The New Testament (Greek: ? Καιν? Διαθ?κη, H? Kain? Diath?k?; Latin: Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible. The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus, as well as events in first-century Christianity.The New Testament is a record of historical events, the 'good news' events of the saving life of the Lord Jesus Christ—His life, death, resurrection, ascension, and the continuation of His work in the world—which is explained and applied by the apostles whom He chose and sent into the world.Christians see in the New Testament the fulfillment of the promise of the Old Testament. It relates and interprets the new covenant, represented in the life and death of Jesus, between God and the followers of the Christ. Like the Old Testament, it contains a variety of kinds of writing.

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Answered on 22 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Critically examine the impact of Cabinet Mission Proposals on Indian polity.

Diksha Marwaha

Tutor

The mission arrived on March 24, 1946. The objective of this mission was to Devise a machinery to draw up the constitution of Independent India. Make arrangements for interim Government. Thus the mission was like a declaration of India’s independence. The mission spent some 3 weeks to discuss... read more

The mission arrived on March 24, 1946. The objective of this mission was to

  • Devise a machinery to draw up the constitution of Independent India.
  • Make arrangements for interim Government.
  • Thus the mission was like a declaration of India’s independence.

The mission spent some 3 weeks to discuss with the leaders of various political parties, but could not arrive at any agreed solution. So finally it announced its own recommendations on May 16, 1946.

  • The cabinet mission plan of 1946 proposed that there shall be a Union of India which was to be empowered to deal with the defense, foreign affairs and communications.
  • The cabinet mission recommended an undivided India and turned down the Muslim league’s demand for a separate Pakistan. The Cabinet mission restricted the Communal representation
  • It provided that all the members of the Interim cabinet would be Indians and there would be minimum interference by the Viceroy.
  • It also provided for formation of the constituent assembly on democratic principle of population.
  • It recognized Indian Right to cede from the Commonwealth
  • The Princely states would retain all subjects and all residuary powers.
  • A Constituent Assembly will be formed of the representatives of the Provincial Assemblies and the Princely states. Each province had to be allotted a total number of seats in proportion to the its population. The Constituent assembly had to comprise 293 Members from the British Provinces and 93 members from the Princely states.
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Answered on 17 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Why did the Dargah of Shaikh Moinuddin Chishti attract a lot of devotees?

D Mukherjee

Teacher

It is believed that sincere prayer at the Dargah of the Sufi Saint, "Garib Nawaz" Shaikh Mainuddin Chisti is always fulfilled and hence both Hindus and Muslims come here in large numbers
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Answered on 04 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/History Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

Describe the events that led to the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Hari Om Sharan

Home Tutor

Non cooperation movement was a significant move in the history of indian independence movement. It was led by mahatma gandhi following the massacre at jallianwala bagh in the year 1919. This movement was kiced off on 1st august 1920. Gandhi's newly experimented ahimsa and truce played an important role... read more

Non cooperation movement was a significant move in the history of indian independence movement. It was led by mahatma gandhi following the massacre at jallianwala bagh in the year 1919. This movement was kiced off on 1st august 1920. Gandhi's newly experimented ahimsa and truce played an important role in this movement. Gandhi's ability to rally thousands of common citizens was first seen on large scale through this movement.

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