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సర్వనామాలు/Sarvanaamaalu/Pronouns

Hitesh Kollipara
06/04/2020 0 0

Meaning:

          Pronouns are words like I, you, he, they, she, we etc. They are words that refer to people. 

Use:

          We use pronouns when we do not want to call people or objects by their names.  

Types/Groups:

For Humans:

First Person Singular:  when we talk about ourselves or express ourselves (our qualities or qualifications) or describe the actions we have done or going to do individually, to others, then we say - నేను/Nenu/I’m or I

Ex: నేను మంచి వాడిని/Nenu manchi vaadini/I’m a good person

     నేను చదువుకున్నవాడిని/Nenu chaduvukunnavaadini/I’m a literate

      నేను చేశాను/Nenu chesaanu/I did

      నేను చేస్తాను/Nenu chesthaanu/I will do

First Person Plural: there are two words for ‘we’ in Telugu. Those are – మనము/Manamu and మేము/Memu

మనము/Manamu: We use మనము/Manamu when we are talking to people or person those are part of our group

Ex: మనము వెళ్దామా?/Manamu veldaamaa?/Shall we go? (asking to one of the people part of our group)

     మనము తిందామా?/Manamu thimdaamaa?/shall we eat? (asking to one of the people part of our group)

     మనము మంచి వాళ్ళము/Manamu manchi vaallamu/we are good people (asking/telling to one of the people part of our group)

మేము/Memu: we use మేము/Memu when we describe the actions of our group to the people not part of our group.

Ex: మేము వెళ్లవచ్చా?/Memu vellavachhaa?/Can we go? (asking to one of the people not part of our group)

     మేము తినవచ్చా?/Memu Thinavachhaa?/Can we eat? (asking to one of the people not part of our group)

     మేము మంచి వాళ్ళము/Memu Manchi vaallamu/We are good people (asking/telling to one of the people not part of our group)

Second Person Singular: The Telugu word for ‘you’ is – నువ్వు/Nuvvu or నీవు/Neevu. Both are synonym to each other and are gender neutral.

Ex:  నువ్వు/నీవు మంచి మనిషివి/Nuvvu Manch manishivi/You are a good person.

Second Person Plural: We use మీరు/Meeru for ‘you’ when we are talking to more than one person or elders or strangers or when we want to give/shower respect even to one person.

Ex: మీరు మంచి మనిషి/Meeru manchi manishi/You are good person.(singular)

      మీరు మంచి మనుషులు/Meeru Manchi manushulu/You people are good. (Plural)

Third Person Singular: అతడు/Athadu which means ‘He’ for ‘man’ and ఆమె/Aame which means ‘She’ for ‘woman’

We can also use తను/thanu and తను/thanu is gender neutral but the ending of sentence reveals us the gender.

Ex: తను మంచివాడు/Thanu manchivaadu/He is a good person (డు/du sound tells us we are talking about a man)

      తను మంచిది/thanu manchidhi/she is a good person (ది/dhi sound tells us we are talking about a woman)

Third Person Plural: వారు or వాళ్ళు / Vaaru or Vaallu for They’ (gender neutral)

For Things:

Singular:

  1. When there is only one thing i.e. in singular form and that too near to us i.e. at arms distance, then we say – ఇది/Idhi for both ‘It and This’
  2. When there is only one thing i.e. in singular form and very far from us i.e. not at arms distance, then we say – అది/Adhi for ‘That

Plural:

  1. When there are many things i.e. in plural form and that too near to us i.e. at arms distance, then we say – ఇవి/Ivi for ‘These
  2. When there are many things i.e. in plural form and that too near to us i.e. at arms distance, then we say – అవి/Avi for ‘Those
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