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Chapter 12 - Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Chemistry is a branch of science that deals with compositions, structure and properties of matter and molecular structure and changes. This subject is a very intricate one, and it is often seen that students who possess a deep passion for it, decide to pursue it as a career option. None the less, it is one of the most essential parts of science in primary(if opted) and secondary education in India, and is a compulsory paper for the Secondary Board Exams.

The NCERT books are very efficient in providing the knowledge for both primary and secondary education and in NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 PDF you get to learn about the definition and function of Aldehyde, Ketones and Carboxylic Acid.

Let us take a look at the topics covered in this chapter are:

  • 12.1 Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl group

  • 12.2 Preparation of Aldehyde and Ketones

  • 12.3 Physical Properties

  • 12.4 Chemical Reactions

  • 12.5 Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones

  • 12.6 Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl group

  • 12.7 Methods of preparation of Carboxyl acid

  • 12.8 Physical Properties

  • 12.9 Chemical Reactions

  • 12.10 Uses of Carboxylic Acids

Section 12.1 is where you learn about the Carbonyl group, the nomenclature of Aldehydes and Ketones, the IUPAC names and the structure of the Carbonyl group. Here, you get familiar with the organic compounds such as proteins, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates, nucleic acid, the simpler compounds that assemble to form them, their IUPAC nomenclature system.

Section 12.2 talks about the preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones the phenomenon of glycolysis and fermentation and also goes through some compounds of Carbon and Silicon.

Section 12.3 Here, the physical properties of Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids are discussed, then the preparation of Ketones and the chemical reactions of Amines are discussed.

Section 12.4 The chemical reactions of Alcohols, Phenols, Carboxolyc Acid, Amines and Ether are discussed. Also, the chemical reaction of Amines, the structure, formulas and the uses of Urea are considered under this topic.

Section 12.5 This topic is rather self-explanatory; the different uses of aldehyde, ketone and carboxylic acids are discussed in this topic.

Section 12.6 is more like Topic 12.1; here, the carboxyl group is discussed.

Section 12.7 Carboxylic Acids are one of the imperative organic compounds found in a wide variety of living things. The Carboxylic Acid is part of the amino acids, and amino acids are the building block of proteins. We all have heard about vinegar. In this section, you will also come to know about what acetic acid, etc.

Section 12.8 This section deals with hydrocarbons. They are pure compounds of carbon and hydrogen. You already know what Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes are. In this chapter, you will learn about some other types of hydrocarbons called Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids.

To know more about the topics covered in this chapter, refer to the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 PDF.

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