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Chapter 3 - Metals and Non - Metals

In this chapter, you’ll learn about Metals and Non-Metals and various properties related to these. Metals such as gold, silver, copper, iron, aluminium are those elements that possess certain features like being hard, shiny, ductile, fusible, malleable, etc. Non-
metals such as coal, iodine, chlorine, sulphur are those elements that do not possess
features like being hard, shiny, malleable, ductile, fusible, etc. Metals are widely used in
making utensils, automobiles, light bulbs, coins, jewellery, industrial parts, water
boilers, electrical wires and more. Whereas, non-metals are used in water purifiers,
fertilizers, medicines, crackers and more.

An in-depth study of NCERT Solutions for Class 10, Chapter 3 – Metals and Non-Metals is important, as a thorough knowledge of metals and non-metals will help you
understand the properties of these elements in a better way.

Let’s take a look at topics and sub-topics of class 10 Science Chapter 3, Metals and Non-Metals

3.1 Physical Properties
3.1.1 Metals
3.1.2 Non-Metals
3.2 Chemical Properties of Metals
3.2.1 What happens when Metals are burnt in air?
3.2.2 What happens when Metals react with water?
3.2.3 What happens when Metals react with acids?
3.2.4 How do Metals react with solutions of other Metal salts?
3.2.5 The Reactivity Series
3.3 How do Metals and Non-Metals react?
3.3.1 Properties of Ionic Compounds
3.4 Occurrence of Metals
3.4.1 Extraction of Metals
3.4.2 Enrichment of Ores
3.4.3 Are Extracting Metals low in the activity series
3.4.4 Extracting Metals in the middle of the activity series
3.4.5 Extracting Metals towards the top of the activity series
3.4.6 Refining of Metals
3.5 Corrosion
3.5.1 Prevention of Corrosion

In Class 10 Science Chapter 3, you will learn – 

Section 3.1 - In this section, you’ll study various physical properties of metals and non-
metals such as the hardness, malleability, ductility, sonority. You’ll also learn some
exceptions to the rule of these properties.

Section 3.2 - In this section, you’ll learn about various chemical properties of different
metals with the help of chemical reactions and chemical equations.

Section 3.3 - In this section, you’ll observe general properties for ionic compounds
based on their physical nature, melting and boiling point, solubility and conduction of
electricity.

Section 3.4 - In this section, you’ll learn how metals are extracted from ores. You’ll also
learn about categorising the metals based on their reactivity and different techniques
used for extracting pure metals from ores.

Section 3.5 - In this section, you’ll learn what corrosion is and various techniques to
prevent corrosion such as painting, oiling, greasing, chrome plating, galvanising,
anodising or making alloys.

In this chapter, you are provided with several activities and examples with their
solutions for a clear understanding of Metals and Non-Metals. To know more about
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 3, you should explore the exercises mentioned in this chapter. You can also download the Metals and Non-Metals Class 10 Solutions PDF, solved by our science experts.

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