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Chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds

In this chapter, you’ll study carbon, its compounds and some of its significant
properties. To your surprise, carbon is a very important element in our lives. Do you
know everyday things like medicines, clothes, the food we eat, books we read all are
based on carbon? Yes, carbon is a multi-purpose element! Even the earth’s crust, the
atmosphere and living beings contain carbon. It is very interesting to know that
diamond and charcoal (possessing very different properties) both are made up of
carbon!

In NCERT Solutions for Class 10, Chapter 4, you will study about Carbon in detail.
This will help you to understand organic chemistry further in a much better way!

Let’s take a look at topics and sub-topics of Class 10 Science Chapter 4, Carbon and its Compounds

4.1 Bonding in Carbon – The Covalent Bond
4.2 Versalite nature of Carbon
4.2.1 Saturated or Unsaturated Carbon Compounds
4.2.2 Chains, Branches and Rings
4.2.3 Will you be my friend?
4.2.4 Homologous Series
4.2.5 Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
4.3 Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds
4.3.1 Combustion
4.3.2 Oxidation
4.3.3 Addition Reaction
4.4 Some Important Carbon Compounds – Ethanol and Ethanoic Acid
4.4.1 Properties of Ethanol
4.4.2 Properties of Ethanoic Acid
4.5 Soaps and Detergents

In Class 10 Science Chapter 4, you will learn – 

Section 4.1 - In this section, you’ll study how various atoms and molecules are
combined to form carbon. You’ll also learn about the structure of diamond, the structure
of graphite, melting points and boiling points of some compounds of carbon, allotropes
of carbon, covalent bond and their properties.

Section 4.2 - Carbon seems to be an omnipresent element on the earth’s surface! Due to
the amazing strength of carbon, there are millions of carbon compounds! In this section,
you’ll study about saturated and unsaturated carbon compounds and their differences.
You’ll also learn about Electron dot structure of ethane and propane and related terms
like hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes.

Section 4.3 - In this section, you’ll come across some of the chemical properties of
carbon compounds like combustion, oxidation and addition reaction.

Section 4.4 - In this section, you’ll acquire knowledge about some commercially
important Carbon Compounds like Ethanol and Ethanoic Acid along with their reactions
and properties.

Section 4.5 - In this section, you’ll study about soaps that their effects in cleaning. You’ll
also learn what are micelles, the formation of micelles and the structure of the micelle
formed after dissolving soap in a hydrocarbon.

In this chapter, you are provided with several activities and examples with their
solutions for a clear understanding of Carbon and its Compounds. To know more
about NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 4, you should explore the
exercises mentioned in this chapter. You can also download the Carbon and its
Compounds Class 10 Solutions PDF, solved by our science experts.

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