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Literature Chapter 11 - The Proposal

CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) examinations play an important role in forming the base of a student’s educational career. CBSE board has a syllabus similar to the competitive examinations. English being the most common language for verbal communication globally is a compulsory paper for these examinations. The marks that one obtains from this examination determine the course that they take up in high school and in college.

We at UrbanPro provide you with NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 11 solutions that you require for your examination

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 11 – The Proposal

The 11th chapter for the literature section of English for 10th standard is The Proposal, a short story by Anton Chekov, a Russian writer who is famous for his short stories.


The Proposal was originally titled, “A Marriage Proposal”. This is a one-act place and a farce which was written by a short story writer and dramatist from Russia, named Anton Chekhov. It was written between the years 1888 to 1889.

The play describes the proneness of rich and wealthy families to seek ties between themselves and other wealthy and rich families so as to increase their estates by encouraging marriages that makes sense economically. Ivan Lomov is a wealthy neighbour of Stepan Chubukov, who is also wealthy. He came to seek the hand of Chubukov’s twenty-five-year-old daughter Natalya. All three of them start to quarrel over petty topics such as their pet dogs. The writer through his work displays how the rich want to marry off their children into other rich families with a common aim to increase their family riches and wealth.


The Proposal is a one-act play, which begins with a young man named Lomov. Lomov presents a marriage proposal to his neighbour’s daughter named, Natalya. Before he could present the proposal to Natalya, an argument about the Oxen Meadows arose between them. The father of Natalya, Chubukov who was Lomov’s neighbour, also joined them in the heated argument. After they ended their argument on this topic, soon after they began another argument on a new topic about whose dog was the better one. In the meantime, the proposal remains forgotten until Lomov palpitates and falls off due to the excitement and tension of the discussions and Chubukov instantly puts her daughter’s hands in Lomov’s for marriage. But they continue with their quarrelling even after that.


The characters of the one-act play are:

Stepan Stepanovitch Chubukov: a landowner and Lomov’s neighbour.

Natalya Stepanovna: Chubukov’s twenty-five years old daughter.

Ivan Vassilevitch Lomov: A neighbour of Chubukov, a large and hearty, but very suspicious, landowner.

The objective of this Lesson

  1. This chapter helps to give you ample knowledge about the English Language.

  2. At the same time, you are entertained by the comical characters sketched by the writer and their nonsensical behaviour.

  3. This play was translated into English from a Russian play. The play revolves around 3 characters. A 35-year-old man who wants to marry his wealthy neighbour’s daughter.

  4. Natalya’s father Chubukov tried to intervene in between Lomov and his daughter argument.

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