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Illustrate with examples that our Constitution is not purely rigid and not purely flexible.

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CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Political Science Tuition/Class XI-XII Tuition (PUC)

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The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts... read more

The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts etc. fall under this. These are examples of a rigid constitution. The Parliament can alter or modify many of the laws of the Constitution by a simple majority as is required for ordinary legislations. For instance the Parliament can deal with the abolition or creation of Legislative Councils (Article 169). Further, the Parliament can change the name of boundaries, areas etc. of States through simple majority; and these changes don't even need to done via a Constitutional Amendment Bill.These amendments come under article 368. A flexible constitution is one that can be amended in the same manner as the ordinary laws are made(Means these provisions can be amended by simple majority), like British Constitution. These amendments do not come under article 368. For Example: Admission or establishment of new states, abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in states, citizenship, quorum in parliaments,second schedule and many more. Article 368 provides for two types of amendments: (a) Some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament, i.e., a two third majority of the members of each house present and voting, and a majority (more than 50%), of the total membership of each house. For Example: Fundamental Rights, DPSPs, etc. (b) Some other provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament and with the ratification by half of the total states. For Example: Election of President and its manner, extent of the executive power of union and states, supreme court and high courts, seventh schedule, representation of states in parliament (Rajya Sabha) etc.

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In rigid consttitution amendment are very difficult and needs special majourity while in flible constitution amendments are easy our constitution is combination of both. The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half... read more
In rigid consttitution amendment are very difficult and needs special majourity while in flible constitution amendments are easy our constitution is combination of both. The amendments to certain features affecting the federal structure of Indian State requires special majority with ratification by half of the States. Provisions related to election to the President and its manner; extent of the executive power of the Union and the states; Supreme Court and high courts etc. fall under this. These are examples of a rigid constitution. The Parliament can alter or modify many of the laws of the Constitution by a simple majority as is required for ordinary legislations. For instance the Parliament can deal with the abolition or creation of Legislative Councils (Article 169). Further, the Parliament can change the name of boundaries, areas etc. of States through simple majority; and these changes don't even need to done via a Constitutional Amendment Bill. These are examples of most flexible provisions of the constitution. read less
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the constitution of India is neither rigid nor flexible but a synthesis of both. A rigid constitution is one that requires a special procedure (Special Majority) for its amendments, like American Constitution. These amendments come under article 368. A flexible constitution is one that can be amended... read more
the constitution of India is neither rigid nor flexible but a synthesis of both. A rigid constitution is one that requires a special procedure (Special Majority) for its amendments, like American Constitution. These amendments come under article 368. A flexible constitution is one that can be amended in the same manner as the ordinary laws are made(Means these provisions can be amended by simple majority), like British Constitution. These amendments do not come under article 368. For Example: Admission or establishment of new states, abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in states, citizenship, quorum in parliaments,second schedule and many more. Article 368 provides for two types of amendments: (a) Some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament, i.e., a two third majority of the members of each house present and voting, and a majority (more than 50%), of the total membership of each house. For Example: Fundamental Rights, DPSPs, etc. (b) Some other provisions can be amended by a special majority of the parliament and with the ratification by half of the total states. For Example: Election of President and its manner, extent of the executive power of union and states, supreme court and high courts, seventh schedule, representation of states in parliament (Rajya Sabha) etc. read less
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Trainer

It is flexible because constitution can respond to changes of the society and incorporate new legislation's from time to time easily. It is rigid so that constitution is not easily twisted by political parties for their personal gain.
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Tutor

Yes, our constitution is rigid in terms of fundamental rights and basic stature of constitution in which in lives in such as liberty,equality, fraternity and during certain certain situations like emergency there will be some provisions in our constitution article 356, which invokes president rules and... read more
Yes, our constitution is rigid in terms of fundamental rights and basic stature of constitution in which in lives in such as liberty,equality, fraternity and during certain certain situations like emergency there will be some provisions in our constitution article 356, which invokes president rules and curtail certain rights which is enshrined in constitution. There our constitution is fixed and rigid apart from emergency situations. Kesava bharati (1974) case, adhar case, which shows our constitution is rigid and stable. read less
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I agree with a point that our constitution is not purely rigid and not purely flexible, our constitution is very unique in character it does not make any distinction among the people on the basis of religions, caste, creed, colour. We can say that our constitution is partly rigid and partly flexible.... read more
I agree with a point that our constitution is not purely rigid and not purely flexible, our constitution is very unique in character it does not make any distinction among the people on the basis of religions, caste, creed, colour. We can say that our constitution is partly rigid and partly flexible. India is a democratic republic, secular, independent country. The fathers of constitution were wise enough to avoid making the constitution so flexible. Besides being independent constitution holds some powers and rights in his hands which makes it rigid. read less
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Math Magician

Indian constitution is both rigid & flexible.
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