Take Class 12 Tuition from the Best Tutors

  • Affordable fees
  • 1-1 or Group class
  • Flexible Timings
  • Verified Tutors

Search in

Federalism Concept and Basic understanding - CLASS XIth Political Science Constituiton at work Chapter 7

Pushpendra Sharma
15/12/2016 0 0


Federalism is a principle of the government or an institutional mechanism that defines the relationship between the central and regional government. In federal systems, both sets of polities work cooperatively and independently in their respective domains. Federalism is like a rainbow, where each colour is separate, yet together they make a harmonious pattern.

On the basis of the relationship between national and regional governments, polities can be of two types:

1.       Unitary Government.

2.       Federal government.

Unitary government: In the unitary form of the governments all powers are vested in the national government. Either there is no regional government in such system, or if it exists at all, it drives its power from the central government e.g. Britain, France, Japan, former USSR, China, and Pakistan etc.

Benefit of the unitary form of the government:

1.   It inspires uniformity among the state in the nation, as well as patriotism because everyone has a major thing in common like common laws and single national identity.

2.   Responsibilities and powers of the government tend to be clear cut. Such clear division of the powers led to swift action in the time of crisis. Apart from this, it fixes the accountability of the power center.

3.   Doing the business in single integrated economies is relatively easier due to the single market and same laws and taxation.

4.  In this form of government, there is no duplication of any types of service like central and state services. This saves the taxpayers money and less ‘executive made regulations’ ensures more liberty to the individuals.

Drawbacks of the unitary Governments:

1. Excessive centralisation of the power increases the dictatorship tendency in the government. The governmentis more likely to fall out of touch with local issues. Excessive concentration of the power was the main reason for the breakup of USSR and Pakistan.

2.   Diversity is not represented politically in unitary systems. All local sense of security, community, and pride are lost. No one is allowed to go against the government.

3.     Unitary systems are usually found less responsive for the local issues.

Federal form of the government: In a federal form of the governments, powers are divided between national government and regional governments usually by the constitution or written treaty. Subjects, which concern the nation as whole, for example, defence and currency, are the responsibility of the central government. Regional matters are the responsibility of the state or provincial governments.   Both operates in their respective jurisdictions independently but expected to work in tandem. Example: USA, INDIA, CANADA, RUSSIA and BRAZIL etc.

Advantages of federal from of the government:
It is hard to generalise the benefit and drawbacks of political system because benefits and drawbacks of federalism are dependent upon the nature of the federal system and the practice of federalism in a polity. Real politics, culture, ideology, and history determine the actual working of the federation.  A culture of trust, cooperation, and mutual respect helps federation to work smoothly. For example, federalism is highly successful in the countries like India, USA, Canada but it is not that successful in Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Libya etc. Following are the widely accepted benefits of federalism.

1.    Federalism proved successful in protecting the citizens against state tyranny. This is because different power centres act as a check and balance on each other.

2.   Diversity found better political representation in a federal polity.

3.   It provides more room to citizen’s participation.

4.    Innovation in Law and Policy is Encouraged – By allowing for many state governments, different sets of policies can be tried, and the ones found most effective at solving its problems can then be implemented in other states or on the national level.

5.     Federalism enhances the efficiency of the government by finding localised solutions for local problems.

0 Dislike
Follow 0

Please Enter a comment


Other Lessons for You

Synfig Tutorial for Std 11 Science and Commerce
Lesson:1 Std-11th Introduction to Multimedia: Communication is an integral part of our life. We use various means of communication like radio, newspaper, television, theatre, movies, internet and others....

How to study Indian History?
Step 1 - Divide your syllabus into three major parts, that is ancient, medieval and modern history.Step 2 - Better to start with ancient Indian history, study chronologically, as it will provide you with...

Business Finance Class 12 (CBSE)
Class 12 - CBSE - Business Finance

How to study acoountancy
Accountancy should read with concepts and great practical mindset. while doing accountancy you should always ask why to yourself if you want to more about accountancy just go for accountancy courses for class XI and class XII

Question from Biology (Immunology)
What would you have to do in order for you to develop artificially-acquired active immunity? Immune system is bodies’ integral defense mechanism which works to keep the body at a steady state. Immunity...

Subimal Banerjee

0 0

Looking for Class 12 Tuition Classes?

The best tutors for Class 12 Tuition Classes are on UrbanPro

  • Select the best Tutor
  • Book & Attend a Free Demo
  • Pay and start Learning

Take Class 12 Tuition with the Best Tutors

The best Tutors for Class 12 Tuition Classes are on UrbanPro

This website uses cookies

We use cookies to improve user experience. Choose what cookies you allow us to use. You can read more about our Cookie Policy in our Privacy Policy

Accept All
Decline All

UrbanPro.com is India's largest network of most trusted tutors and institutes. Over 55 lakh students rely on UrbanPro.com, to fulfill their learning requirements across 1,000+ categories. Using UrbanPro.com, parents, and students can compare multiple Tutors and Institutes and choose the one that best suits their requirements. More than 7.5 lakh verified Tutors and Institutes are helping millions of students every day and growing their tutoring business on UrbanPro.com. Whether you are looking for a tutor to learn mathematics, a German language trainer to brush up your German language skills or an institute to upgrade your IT skills, we have got the best selection of Tutors and Training Institutes for you. Read more