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Isotopes-1

Jayaraj B
22/11/2021 0 0

1) What is an Isotope?

Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons but the same number of protons and electrons.

2) What determines the atomic number of an element?

A number of protons in the nucleus.

Examples of Isotopes:

Element Isotopes
Hydrogen 1H (A=1), 2H(A=2) and 3H(A=3).Protium(A=1) , deuterium(A=2) and tritium (A=3). Hydrogen is the only element whose isotopes have unique names.
Carbon 12
6
C
 (A=12, 13
6
C (A=13)
, 14
6
C (A=14)
Helium 3
2
He (A=3)
, 4
2
He (A=4)
Uranium 235
92
U
 (A=235), and  239
92
U (A=239)
Oxygen 16O(A=16), 17O (A=17), and 18O(A=18).

Standard Notation of Isotopes: Also known as AZE notation 'A' is the mass number, 'Z' is the atomic number and E is for element. 

It is to indicate the mass number (A) with a superscript at the upper left of the chemical symbol and to indicate the atomic number with a subscript at the lower left.

Example: Carbon-13, 13
6
C

to be continued ......

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