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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

Class 11 Economics

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

QUESTION Commercial energy is mostly used for commercial purposes in factories,farms and commercial establishments’. In the context of above statement, describe three sources of energy which are mostly used in India for commercial purposes in factories. ANSWER The three sources ofenergg... read more

QUESTION

Commercial energy is mostly used for commercial purposes in factories,farms and commercial establishments’. In the context of above statement, describe three sources of energy which are mostly used in India for commercial purposes in factories.

 

ANSWER

The three sources ofenergg mosty used in India for commercial purposes in factories are
(i) Electricity It is the most useful and convenient source of energy in India. There are three main sources of electricity i.e, thermal, hydro and atomic power.
(ii) Petroleum It is one of the important source of energy in India. India produces about 3 lakh tonnes of petrol against the demand of 34 lakh tonnes. The country imports 31 lakh tonnes.
(iii) Coal It is primary source of energy and accounts for 54 % of total energy consumption.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

CBSE Class 11 Economics

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

QUESTION Expansion of one industry facilitates the expansion of the other.How economic growth can become a dynamic process and a self-propelling activity of change? ANSWER Availability of proper means of transport and communication, ample sources of energy and a developed system of banking... read more

QUESTION

Expansion of one industry facilitates the expansion of the other.How economic growth can become a dynamic process and a self-propelling activity of change?

 

ANSWER

Availability of proper means of transport and communication, ample sources of energy and a developed system of banking and finance generate an environment of inter-industrial linkages.
In this situation, expansion of one industry facilitates the expansion of the other. Accordingly, growth becomes a dynamic process and a self propelling activity of change.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

Write the advantages of pilot survey.

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

Advantages of pilot survey are (i) The questions to he asked are being tested through pilot survey. (ii) The problems which may arise during large survey are guessed and solutions are found out. (iii) Some aspects of data can be estimated. (iv) The time and cost of actual survey can be estimated exactly. ... read more

Advantages of pilot survey are
(i) The questions to he asked are being tested through pilot survey.
(ii) The problems which may arise during large survey are guessed and solutions are found out.
(iii) Some aspects of data can be estimated.
(iv) The time and cost of actual survey can be estimated exactly.

 

 

'A good sample is generally based on correctness and continuity’. In the context of above statement explain the characteristics of good sample

 

The characteristics of goods sample are
(i) The sample should be independent.
(ii) All individual units included in the sample should be Independent.
(iii) The reliability of sample should be based on correctness.
(iv) The sample should be based on continuity and law of inertia of large numbers.

 

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

What similar developmental strategies have India and Pakistan followed for their respective developmental paths?

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

India and Pakistan have followed many similar strategies in their respective development plans (i) India and Pakistan both started their development process on economic planning after getting independence in 1947. (ii) Both of them have adopted the mixed economic system involving the co-existence of... read more

India and Pakistan have followed many similar strategies in their respective development plans
(i) India and Pakistan both started their development process on economic planning after getting independence in 1947.
(ii) Both of them have adopted the mixed economic system involving the co-existence of both the public and the private sector.
(iii) Both the countries relied more on the public sector for initiating the process of growth and development.
(iv) Both of them introduced economic reforms around the same time to strengthen their economies. Pakistan initiated reforms in 1988 and India followed in 1991.
(v) They both have announced First Five Year Plans for growth and development.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

Describe the path of developmental initiatives taken by Pakistan for its economic development

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

For economic development Pakistan followed the mixed economy model. With co-existence of public and private sectors. The different policies adopted by Pakistan are stated below (i) A variety of regulated policy framework was introduced in late 1950s and 1960s. (ii) Protection of consumer goods, domestic... read more

For economic development Pakistan followed the mixed economy model. With co-existence of public and private sectors.
The different policies adopted by Pakistan are stated below
(i) A variety of regulated policy framework was introduced in late 1950s and 1960s.
(ii) Protection of consumer goods, domestic industries through tariff harriers.
(iii) The introduction of green revolution and mechanisation in agriculture sector…
(iv) Public investment in infrastructure in selected areas.
(v) Nationalisation of capital goods industries was introduced in 1970s.
(vi) In 1980s, denationalisation and encouragement to private sector.
(vii) In 1988, economic reforms were initiated in the economy.

 

The government and policy makers use statistical data to formulate suitable policies of economic development.'Illustrate with two examples.

 

The data on domestic production of oil and demand for oil will help the government in deciding how much it should import.
The data on consumption of past years and the rate of growth of population would help in determining the demand for future.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

What are the various means by which countries are trying to strengthen their own domestic economies?

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

The following are the various means through which the nations are trying to strengthen their own domestic economies (i) Nations are forming various regional and economic groupings like SAARC, European Union,G-8, G-20, ASEAN, etc in order to strengthen their economies through economic cooperation among... read more

The following are the various means through which the nations are trying to strengthen their own domestic economies
(i) Nations are forming various regional and economic groupings like SAARC, European Union,G-8, G-20, ASEAN, etc in order to strengthen their economies through economic cooperation among the countries in the group to safeguard their common interests.
(ii) They are also trying to know and analyse the developmental process adopted by their neighbouring nations, so as to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses and formulate policies accordingly.
(iii) Nations have also resorted to liberalise their economies by minimising government interference in economic activities. The economy is governed by market forces which promote efficiency and strengthen the economy.
(iv) Nations have also adopted the process of globalisation to integrate their economies with other economies of the world in order to provide wide international market to their domestic producers and attract foreign investment.

 

 

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

Mention the salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

The salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India are discussed below (i) The population of Pakistan is very small and accounts for roughly about one-tenth of China or India. Though China is the largest nation and geographically occupies the largest area among the three nations,Its density... read more

The salient demographic indicators of China, Pakistan and India are discussed below
(i) The population of Pakistan is very small and accounts for roughly about one-tenth of China or India. Though China is the largest nation and geographically occupies the largest area among the three nations,Its density is the lowest.
(ii) One child norm was introduced in China in late 1970’s to check population growth. This measure led to a decline in the sex ratio. Although sex ratio is baised against females in all three countries. In recent times, all three countries are trying to adopt various measures to improve the situation. Due to one child norm, after few decades there will he more elderly people in proportion to young people.
(iii) The fertility rate is low in China and very high in Pakistan.
(iv) Urbanisation is high in both Pakistan and China with India having 28 % of its people living in urban areas.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

How is China able to lead in all the human development indicators?

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

China is able to lead in almost all the human development indicators since the establishment of infrastructure in the areas of education and health, land reforms, long existence of decentralised planning and existence of small enterprises which can be easily regulated. Even before the reforms, basic... read more

China is able to lead in almost all the human development indicators since the establishment of infrastructure in the areas of education and health, land reforms, long existence of decentralised planning and existence of small enterprises which can be easily regulated.
Even before the reforms, basic health services were provided in villages and food was equitably distributed through the commune system.
Each reform was implemented on a small scale initially and then spread out on a larger scale. Laws and policies, such as the one-child norm among others were strictly enforced.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

Special Economic Zone (SEZ) increase foreign investment

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a geographical region that has economic laws different from a country’s typical economic laws. Usually, the goal is to increase foreign investment. Special economic zones attract investors since, they offer high quality infrastructure facilities and support services.... read more

A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a geographical region that has economic laws different from a country’s typical economic laws. Usually, the goal is to increase foreign investment.
Special economic zones attract investors since, they offer high quality infrastructure facilities and
support services. Besides allowing duty free import of capital goods and raw materials, attractive fiscal incentives and simpler customs, banking and other procedures are offered in. such zones.

 

What kind of energy is generally used by persons at home?Can you suggest cheaper sources of
lighting in homes?

 

The consumption of energy for domestic purposes heavily depends upon oil and coal as sources of energy. A new and advanced fighting technology is Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) which is more efficient alternative to domestic energy consumption. According to the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), the Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) consume 80% less power as compared to ordinary bulbs. Solar energy could also be generated for domestic use. Biogas can be used for cooking.
Even though new and cheaper alternatives of sources of energy are being tapped, most public utilities encourage the smaller changes that the consumer can make to lessen the pressure on power crisis.

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Lesson Posted on 24 Feb CBSE/Class 11/Humanities/Economics

Do you think regional inequality exists even in health infrastructure in India?

Sujoy D.

1. Strong concept building classes. 2. Weekly tests in weak areas for students to improve their confidence. 3....

The development of health infrastructure has shown gender, income and regional biasness in India. Rural areas do not have access to or cannot afford medical care. Even though majority of population lives in rural areas, only one-fifth of India’s hospitals are located in rural areas with only half... read more

The development of health infrastructure has shown gender, income and regional biasness in India. Rural areas do not have access to or cannot afford medical care. Even though majority of population lives in rural areas, only one-fifth of India’s hospitals are located in rural areas with only half the number of dispensaries. Out of 7 lakh beds, roughly 11 % of them are available in rural areas. The PHCs in rural areas do not offer basic medical care like X-ray or blood testing devices.
In rural areas, the percentage of people who have no access to proper aid has risen from 15 in 1986 to 24 in 2003. States like Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh are relatively lagging behind in healthcare facilities.

 

 

The phenomenon of male child-preference is common in many developing countries including India, China and Pakistan.

 

The commonly accepted explanation for son preference is that sons in rural families may be more helpful in framework. Both rural and urban populations have economic and traditional incentives to prefer sons over daughters. Sons are preferred as they provide the primary financial support to the parents. A women changes her surname to her husband’s surname after marriage. For some families one’s daughter-in-law’s name instead of a daughter’s name would he added in the hook of family tree.
Therefore, if a family had no son, the fortune and name of the family would have no legal heirs. The choice of small families also affects the people’s views on the sex of their child.

 

 

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