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Ganesh 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

What is the difference between sales tax and VAT?

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Nitish replied | 28/11/2016

Sales tax, as compared to VAT is the percentage of revenue imposed on the retail sale of goods. Unlike VAT, sales tax is levied on the total value of goods and services purchased. VAT is an indirect tax that is imposed on each stage of production of an item.

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Ankit replied | 09/12/2016

Sales tax, as compared to VAT is the percentage of revenue imposed on the retail sale of goods. Unlike VAT, sales tax is levied on the total value of goods and services purchased. VAT is an indirect tax that is imposed on each stage of production of an item.

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Ratna 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

A shopkeeper buys an article at a rebate of 30% on the printed price. He spends Rs 40 on the transportation of the article. After charging sales tax at the rate of 7% on the printed price, he sells the article for Rs. 856. Find his profit percentage?

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Dh replied | 01/12/2016

Let the Printed Price = Rs. P
Shopkeeper buys at rebate of 30%
Hence Cost price for Shopkeeper = Rs. 0.7*P
Spends for transportation = Rs. 40
Now his cost price -- Rs. 0.7*P + 40
Now his final selling price = Rs. 856
Sales Tax charged at 7% on Printed Price
Hence Sales Tax = 0.07*P
Thus Selling Price = Printed Price + Sales Tax
856 = P + 0.07P
856...  more»
Let the Printed Price = Rs. P
Shopkeeper buys at rebate of 30%
Hence Cost price for Shopkeeper = Rs. 0.7*P
Spends for transportation = Rs. 40
Now his cost price – Rs. 0.7*P + 40
Now his final selling price = Rs. 856
Sales Tax charged at 7% on Printed Price
Hence Sales Tax = 0.07*P
Thus Selling Price = Printed Price + Sales Tax
856 = P + 0.07P
856 = ( 1 + 0.07) * P
856 = 1.07 * P
Thus, P = 856 / 1.07.
P = Rs. 800
Cost Price for Shopkeeper = 0.7*P + 40
0.7 * 800 + 40
560 + 40
Rs. 600
Hence, the Profit the shopkeeper has made is
800 – 600 = Rs. 200
Thus, Profit percentage = Profit / Printed Price
=200/800
=1/4 = 0.25 = 0.25 * 100 = 25%. «less

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Ankit replied | 09/12/2016

Let the Printed Price = Rs. P
Shopkeeper buys at rebate of 30%
Hence Cost price for Shopkeeper = Rs. 0.7*P
Spends for transportation = Rs. 40
Now his cost price -- Rs. 0.7*P + 40
Now his final selling price = Rs. 856
Sales Tax charged at 7% on Printed Price
Hence Sales Tax = 0.07*P
Thus Selling Price = Printed Price + Sales Tax
856 =...  more»
Let the Printed Price = Rs. P
Shopkeeper buys at rebate of 30%
Hence Cost price for Shopkeeper = Rs. 0.7*P
Spends for transportation = Rs. 40
Now his cost price – Rs. 0.7*P + 40
Now his final selling price = Rs. 856
Sales Tax charged at 7% on Printed Price
Hence Sales Tax = 0.07*P
Thus Selling Price = Printed Price + Sales Tax
856 = P + 0.07P
856 = ( 1 + 0.07) * P
856 = 1.07 * P
Thus, P = 856 / 1.07.
P = Rs. 800
Cost Price for Shopkeeper = 0.7*P + 40
0.7 * 800 + 40
560 + 40
Rs. 600
Hence, the Profit the shopkeeper has made is
800 – 600 = Rs. 200
Thus, Profit percentage = Profit / Printed Price
=200/800
=1/4 = 0.25 = 0.25 * 100 = 25%. «less

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Jacob 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

A manufacturer produces a good which cost him Rs.500. He sells it to a wholesaler at a price of Rs.500 and wholesaler sells it to retailer at a price of Rs.600. The retailer sells it to the customer at a price of Rs.800. If the sales tax charged is 5%. Find the tax charged under VAT by manufacturer, wholesaler and retailer. Find the tax paid by the customer?  more»
A manufacturer produces a good which cost him Rs.500. He sells it to a wholesaler at a price of Rs.500 and wholesaler sells it to retailer at a price of Rs.600. The retailer sells it to the customer at a price of Rs.800. If the sales tax charged is 5%. Find the tax charged under VAT by manufacturer, wholesaler and retailer. Find the tax paid by the customer? «less

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Mohamed Fatin replied | 08/12/2016

Manufacturer will pay 5% on 500 i.e., 25.
Wholesaler will charge 5% on 600= 30.
Retailer will charge 5% on 800 = 40.
Customer will pay Rs.40 ultimately to the retailer.

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Aravind 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

What is the formula for calculating the sales tax?

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Sourav replied | 04/12/2016

To calculate the sales tax that is included in a company's receipts from items subject to sales tax, divide the receipts by 1 + the sales tax rate. For example, if the sales tax rate is 6%, divide the total amount of receipts by 1.06. If the sales tax rate is 7.25%, divide the total receipts by 1.0725.

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Saurabh replied | 04/12/2016

To calculate sales tax in company receipts then just divide the entire receipts divided by (sales rate plus 1).
For eg.:- If a company sells TV for Rs 21,000. If sales tax is 5%. then C.P of TV will be Rs. 21,000 / 1.05 = Rs. 20,000.

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Prakash 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

What is the formula for calculating VAT?

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Khushbu replied | 01/12/2016

Calculating the car is the base cost of an item multiplied by the appropriate vat rate for the item.example-if an item costs$100 vat rate of 20% the vat calculation is 100*20/100=20.

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Sridevi 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

A manufacturer buys raw goods for Rs 4500 and pays 10% tax. He sells the ready stocks for Rs 9000. Find the VAT paid by manufacturer?

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Soumajit Sur replied | 25/11/2016

Input VAT paid by manufacturer is = (4500 * 10%) =Rs.450
Output VAT collected by manufacturer is = (9000 * 10%) = Rs. 900 (Assuming same rate of tax for output and Input)
Net amount of VAT to be paid by manufacturer = (900 - 450) = Rs. 450

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S

Sumimolss 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

Kylie buys an article for Rs. 10000 and pays 7% tax. He sells the same article for Rs. 13000 and charges 9% tax. Find the VAT paid by Kylie?

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Mohamed Fatin replied | 08/12/2016

For Purchase Kylie will pay 7% on 10000 = Rs. 700
On Sales, he will pay ( 9% on 13000) - 700= 1170-700= Rs. 470.

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Praphul replied | 09/12/2016

In simple words, Value Added Tax = Output Tax -- Input Tax.
Now let s see how Input and Output Tax are calculated:
Input VAT: Amount paid by Kylie (buyer) as a percentage of cost price for goods/services used to make a final product
Given, the Cost Price of a goods/services is = INR 10000
Given, the VAT rate(which Kylie has paid) is 7%,
Input VAT (VAT paid during...  more»
In simple words, Value Added Tax = Output Tax – Input Tax.
Now let’s see how Input and Output Tax are calculated:
Input VAT: Amount paid by Kylie (buyer) as a percentage of cost price for goods/services used to make a final product
Given, the Cost Price of a goods/services is = INR 10000
Given, the VAT rate(which Kylie has paid) is 7%,
Input VAT (VAT paid during Kylie buying the article) = INR Rs. 700.
Output VAT: Amount received by a Kyile (now seller) as a percentage of the selling price of the final product.
Given, the Selling Price of the Product by Kylie is = INR Rs. 13000.
Then, Output Tax (VAT collected by Kylie with 9% during resale) = INR Rs. 1170.
VAT Payable:
VAT Payable = Output VAT – Input VAT
= INR ( 1170 – 700) = INR Rs. 470
The INR Rs. 470 is paid by Kylie.

Remember:-
• If you are registered for VAT, you are liable to pay VAT only at one stage, when you are selling the product
• You would have paid VAT while purchasing goods from your suppliers. This VAT will not be your cost as you will deduct a corresponding amount from tax on your sales. «less

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V

Vishal 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

A retailer buys an article from the wholesaler at Rs. 80 and the wholesaler charges a sales tax at the prescribed rate of 8%. The retailer fixes the price at Rs. 100 and charges sales tax at the same rate. Apply value added tax system of sales tax calculation to answer the following questions. What is the price that a consumer has to pay to buy the...  more»
A retailer buys an article from the wholesaler at Rs. 80 and the wholesaler charges a sales tax at the prescribed rate of 8%. The retailer fixes the price at Rs. 100 and charges sales tax at the same rate. Apply value added tax system of sales tax calculation to answer the following questions. What is the price that a consumer has to pay to buy the article and also find the input tax and output tax for the retailer? «less

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Mohamed Fatin replied | 08/12/2016

Price for the customer 100 + 8% VAT = 108
Input Tax for retailer = 8% on 80 = 6.4
Output Tax = 8% on (100-80) = 1.6.

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Nandita 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

A shopkeeper sells an article at its marked price Rs. 7500 and charges sales-tax at the rate of 12% from the customer. If the shopkeeper pays a VAT of Rs. 180. Calculate the price inclusive of tax paid by the shopkeeper?

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Dinnu replied | 03/12/2016

See the picture.

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P

Pankaj 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

Jacob purchased an article for Rs. 702 including Sales Tax. If the rate of Sales Tax is 8%. Find the sale price of the article?

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Akash replied | 24/11/2016

=>702= x+(x*8/100)
=>702= (100x+8x)/100
=>702*100 = 108x
=>70200/108 = x
=>650 = x

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Karuna replied | 25/11/2016

Let cost price of article be x.
So, 8% of Cp= 0.08x
Hence, 1.08x=Rs. 702. x=650. CP is Rs. 650

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M

Monica 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

If the rate of sale tax increases by 55, the selling price of an article goes up by Rs. 40. Find the marked price of the article?

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Akshay replied | 06/12/2016

55%= Rs. 40
100%=4000/55
=Rs. 72.72.

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T

Show previous answers

Shikha replied | 23/11/2016

4:5.

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Ram Mohan replied | 23/11/2016

The ratio of the two Numbers is 4:5.
If the third Number is 100, then the First number is 120 and the Second number is 150.
Their ratio = 120 : 150 = 4 : 5.

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J

Jyoti 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

Define VAT?

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D

Divya 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

The catalogue price of a colour TV is Rs.2400. The shopkeeper gives a discount of 8% on the listed price. He gives a further off-season discount of 5% on the balance. But sales tax at the rate of 10% is charged on the remaining amount. Find the sales tax amount a customer has to pay?

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R

Raju 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Sales Tax and VAT

Mason purchased a pair of shoes costing Rs. 850. Calculate the total amount to be paid by him, if the rate of Sales Tax is 6%?

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Kumar replied | 21/11/2016

x/y=5/6...(1)
(x-8)/(y-8)=4/5
On solving x=40, y=48

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Urwashi replied | 23/11/2016

40 and 48.

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R

Ramya 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Ratio and Proportion

Two numbers are in the ratio of 5 : 3, if 8 is added to each number, the ratio becomes 2 : 3. Find the numbers?

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Sarvajeet replied | 26/11/2016

-40/9, -8/3

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Tapas replied | 26/11/2016

Let the numbers are x and y.
So, by the given condition:
x/y = 5/3 --> 3x = 5y ........ (1)
and
(x+8)/(y+8)=2/3 --> 3(x+8) = 2(y+8) --> 3x + 24 = 2y + 16 --> 3x - 2y = -8 .......(2)
Combining (1) and (2): 5y - 2y = -8 --> 3y = -8 --> y = -8/3
From (1): x = 5y/3 = -40/9
Answer: x = - 40/9, y = - 8/3.

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M

Momin 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Ratio and Proportion

If (4a + 9b) : (4c + 9d) = (4a - 9b) : (4c - 9d), show that a : b = c : d?

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Mamata replied | 27/11/2016

(4a+9b)(4c-9d)= (4c+9d)(4a-9b)
16ac-36ad+36bc-81bd)= 16ac-36bc+36ad-81bd)
-72ad=-72bc
ad=bc
a/b=c/d
a:b=c:d.

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Sarvajeet replied | 06/12/2016

(By Componendo and Dividendo) 8a:18b=8c:18d or a:b = c:d.

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Sarala 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Ratio and Proportion

If (3a + 4b) / (3c + 4d) = (3a - 4b) / (3c - 4d), prove that a / b = c / d?

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Sachin replied | 27/11/2016

9a:8b=9c:8d (by compnendo and dividendo).

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Mamata replied | 27/11/2016

(3a+4b)(3c-4d)=(3a-4b)(3c+4d)
9ac-12ad+12bc-16bd=9ac+12ad-12bc-16bd
-24ad=-24bc
ad=bc
a/b=c/d.

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Vathsala 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Ratio and Proportion

The ratio of the number of boys and girls in a college is 7 : 8. If the percentage increase in the number of boys and girls be 20 % and 10 % respectively, what will be the new ratio?

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Rama Krishna replied | 08/12/2016

Let the number of boys = 7k
number of girls = 8k

Due to increase in percentage,

number of boys = 7K*120/100

number of girls = 8K*110/100

New ratio = { 7K*120/100 } : { 8K*110/100 }
Or
7:8 can also be written as 70:80
120/100*70 = 84
110/100*80 = 88
so,new ratio= 84 : 88
or 42 : 44
or 21 : 22
Or
(7x+0.2*7x)/(8x+0.1*8x)=21...  more»
Let the number of boys = 7k
number of girls = 8k

Due to increase in percentage,

number of boys = 7K*120/100

number of girls = 8K*110/100

New ratio = { 7K*120/100 } : { 8K*110/100 }
Or
7:8 can also be written as 70:80
120/100*70 = 84
110/100*80 = 88
so,new ratio= 84 : 88
or 42 : 44
or 21 : 22
Or
(7x+0.2*7x)/(8x+0.1*8x)=21:22. «less

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Ankit replied | 09/12/2016

21/22

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Manjunath 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Shares and Dividends

What is the difference between equity share and preference share?

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Rama Krishna replied | 08/12/2016

Dear Student,
Definition of Equity Shares:
Equity shares are the ordinary shares of the company. The holder of the equity shares are the real owners of the company, i.e. the amount of shares held by them is the portion of their ownership in the company.

Definition of Preference Shares:
Preference Shares, as its name suggests, gets precedence over equity shares...  more»
Dear Student,
Definition of Equity Shares:
Equity shares are the ordinary shares of the company. The holder of the equity shares are the real owners of the company, i.e. the amount of shares held by them is the portion of their ownership in the company.

Definition of Preference Shares:
Preference Shares, as its name suggests, gets precedence over equity shares on the matters like distribution of dividend at a fixed rate and repayment of capital in the event of liquidation of the company. «less

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Jyoti replied | 09/12/2016

1. As far as dividend and refund of capital in case of winding up is concerned it is the preference shareholders who get paid before the equity shareholders.
2. In case of preference shares rate of dividend is fixed while equity shareholders get dividend on the basis of performance of company, sometimes when company make loss then they are not paid any dividend.

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Deepak 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Shares and Dividends

Define debenture?

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Aparna replied | 06/12/2016

A long-term security yielding a fixed rate of interest, issued by a company and secured against assets.

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Barkha replied | 07/12/2016

A debenture is a medium to long-term debt instrument used by large companies to borrow money, at a fixed rate of interest.

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Rasneet 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Shares and Dividends

What do you mean by senssex up and sensex down?

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Priti replied | 19/11/2016

Sensex is an index of the stocks in BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange). Sensex has a list of 30 stocks. BSE decides the stocks that are to be listed on Sensex. The criteria for picking a stock to be listed on Sensex is volume of the trade of that stock and total volume of the stock in BSE
So if SENSEX moves up it means majority of 30 companies are performing well this further implies...  more»
Sensex is an index of the stocks in BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange). Sensex has a list of 30 stocks. BSE decides the stocks that are to be listed on Sensex. The criteria for picking a stock to be listed on Sensex is volume of the trade of that stock and total volume of the stock in BSE
So if SENSEX moves up it means majority of 30 companies are performing well this further implies that majority of companies listed on BSE which are actively traded are performing well.
And if SENSEX moves down it implies majority of companies didn't performed well that trading day. «less

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Minita replied | 21/11/2016

Sensex up nd sensex down means increase or decrease in market price of shares of Bombay stock exchange

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Subhradeep 10/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Logarithms

Show previous answers

Muraleedharan R replied | 20/11/2016

log 27 = 3 log 3 = 1.431 ; log 3 = 0.477 ; log 9 = 2 log 3 = 2 x 0.477 = 0.954

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Rahul replied | 20/11/2016

0.954

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Praneeth 11/11/2016 in  Class IX-X Tuition, Mathematics(Class IX-X Tuition), Ratio and Proportion

What must be added to each of 7, 16, 43 and 79 so that they become proportion? Find the number, which are in the proportion?

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Ram Mohan replied | 21/11/2016

Let us suppose, that we have to add 'x', to each of 17,16,43,and 79 so that they are in proportion
Therefore, ( 7 + x ) : (16 + x ) : : ( 43 + x ) : ( 79 + x ), ==> ( 16 + x ) (43 + x ) = (7 + x ) ( 79 + x )
after simplification and solving for ' x' , we get x = 5 .
Verification :
After adding '5' to the given numbers, we get 12, 21, 48, 84 which satisfy 12 :...  more»
Let us suppose, that we have to add 'x', to each of 17,16,43,and 79 so that they are in proportion
Therefore, ( 7 + x ) : (16 + x ) : : ( 43 + x ) : ( 79 + x ), ==> ( 16 + x ) (43 + x ) = (7 + x ) ( 79 + x )
after simplification and solving for ' x' , we get x = 5 .
Verification :
After adding '5' to the given numbers, we get 12, 21, 48, 84 which satisfy 12 : 21 : : 48 : 84 OR 4 : 7 : : 4 : 7 «less

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Sarvajeet replied | 06/12/2016

5.

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