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The Integrated Reasoning (IR) is the latest addition to GMAT question paper. It’s realistic, and enables B-Schools to judge the analytical capability of MBA aspirants.

In this, questions provide complex scenarios in the form of pictorial presentations, from wherein students analyse to derive conclusions and solve the problem.
organize

Each question of the IR section has multiple parts to answer. Students are marked on answering all aspects of each IR question accurately. No partial marking or negative marking happens in the IR section of GMAT exam.

A GMAT test taker should have the following capabilities to solve the IR section fast and with ease:

a) Derive substantial information from graphics, texts and numbers.
b) Evaluating same information from different sources
c) Arrange information to derive conclusive solutions to given problems
d) Combining and permuting provided data/information to solve problems

Total time for IR:  30 minutes

Total number of questions in IR: 12

The IR section of GMAT exam contains four kinds of questions:

a)  Table Analysis
b)  Graphics Interpretation
c)  Multi Source reasoning
d)  Two parts Analysis

Table Analysis
After cautiously studying a table presented in the form of spreadsheet, students have to answer Yes/No or True/False to a given set of statements. For those appearing for computerized GMAT exam, the provided data/spreadsheet can be resorted for easy access of the test taker.

Sample question for Table Analysis of GMAT exam:

 

The table above shows sales statistics and description of 20 bathroom cleaners of U.?. for the year 2010. Based on it, test takers are to answer the following set of questions.

Consider each of the following statements about these sales figures. For each statement, indicated whether the statement is true or false, based on the information provided in the table.

State True or False:

1.  The product with the highest unit sales is 2010 also had the highest dollar increase in price since 2009.
2.  Every orange scented product experienced growth in unit sales from 2009 to 2010.
3.  No product experienced growth in dollar sales but a decline in unit sales from 2009 to 2010.
4.  The highest-priced product in 2010 was also the highest-priced product in 2009.

Answers to the above table analysis question:

1. False
2. True
3. False
4. True

Graphics Interpretation
Based on a graph, candidates need to answer the questions. Answers are presented in the form of a drop down menu. Thorough reading of the questions, allows one to find the answer embedded in the question. The graph can be a pie chart, a line chart, a bar chart, a scatter plot, a bubble chart and so on.

Sample question for Graphics Interpretation of GMAT exam:

Based on the above graphical image, students are expected to answer the following:

1.  If a city had no more than 20 auto thefts per 1,000 people it had no population of more than __________people.

a) 60,000
b) 80, 000
c) 1000,000

2.  The dashed line has a slope that is ___________ the slope of regression line.

a) Less than
b) Equal to
c) Greater than

3.  According to this chart, a city with more than 10 auto thefts per 1000 people is ________ to have a population atleast 6000,000 people.

a) less likely
b) more likely
c) Equally likely

The right answer to the above graphics interpretation is c,c and b.

Answer to the above graphical representation question is:

1.  c) 10,00,000
2.  c) Greater Than
3.  b) more likely

Two part analysis
An introductory study material follows a chart with three columns, where two answers are to be picked from given five-six options. The remaining two columns are to be answered and filled by the candidate. The two-part analysis is either mathematical or verbal in approach.

Sample question for Two Part Analysis of GMAT exam:

Joseph Ronald Assumptions
Doctors are generally able to determine with great reliability which diagnostic procedure and tests would yield the most effective results.
Tests and diagnostic procedures do not make up an insignificant portion of the bills that are sent to insurers.
Insurance companies in other industries such as auto and home have been able to reduce costs by reducing the number of unnecessary repairs and replacements on claims for automobiles and homes.
Patients are just not likely as doctors to choose the most expensive diagnostics and tests.
Health insurance premiums have increased twice as fast in the past five years than they have over an average of the past 25 years.

The solution for the above Two Table analysis follows:

Joseph Ronald Assumptions
Doctors are generally able to determine with great reliability which diagnostic procedure and tests would yield the most effective results.
 picture12 Tests and diagnostic procedures do not make up an insignificant portion of the bills that are sent to insurers.
Insurance companies in other industries such as auto and home have been able to reduce costs by reducing the number of unnecessary repairs and replacements on claims for automobiles and homes.
 picture12 Patients are just not likely as doctors to choose the most expensive diagnostics and tests.
Health insurance premiums have increased twice as fast in the past five years than they have over an average of the past 25 years.

Multi Source Reasoning
Based on a given data in the form of e-mails, receipts, tables or emails, GMAT test takers need to solve yes/no questions or MCQ questions. Its important to pick the right piece of data to crack the questions.

Sample question for Multi Source Reasoning of GMAT exam:

Tony is considering improving her bathroom. He will either install new floor tiles, paint the walls or install new wallpaper. Her bathroom’s four walls measure 10 ft high and 8 ft long.
Based on the above statements, state True or False for the following:

a)  The cost of installing trinoleum tiles in Tony’s room is $75.
b)  The pre-rebate cost of 2 coats of Magic color paint on the walls of Tony’s bathroom is $500.
c)  Tony can cover her walls with cloud wallpaper in less than $100.

The solution for the above Multi Source Reasoning question is:

a) False
b) True
c) True

Importance of Integrated Reasoning

  • During inception of IR section in 2012, this was one of the innovative sections added in entrance exam syllabus. All GMAT exams conducted post 2012, mandatorily includes IR section with 12 questions and stipulated 30 minutes time duration.
  • A research conducted by Kaplan Test Prep derives 41% of admission officers consider IR section score separately during MBA admission procedure.
  • As IR is a computer adaptive section, hence, its believed to truly analyse the potential capability of a GMAT test taker.
  • The availability and permit of using onscreen calculator makes IR section scoring for GMAT test takers. 

Books of IR section of GMAT

  • GMAT Integrated Reasoning and Essay (Manhattan Prep GMAT Strategy Guides)
  • GMAT Premier 2017 with 6 Practice Tests: Online + Book + Videos + Mobile (Kaplan Test Prep)
  • GMAT Integrated Reasoning Practice Questions: Volume 1 (Test Prep)Integrated Reasoning and Essay GMAT Strategy Guide, 5th Edition (Manhattan GMAT Strategy Guides)
  • McGraw-Hills Conquering the GMAT Math and Integrated Reasoning


Tips to crack Integrated Reasoning section of GMAT exam

a)  The entire IR part of GMAT exam is presented through various screens. Before switching between screens, make sure you answer all parts of the question on your screen and then move forward. GMAT does not allow you to go back on the computer.

b)  Make complete use of the drop down calculator provided especially for quant based IR questions.

c)  While solving graphics interpretation, make sure to click on the drop down arrow to see all the probable provided answers.

d)  Integrated Reasoning questions can be practiced from online resources, study materials and books also.

e)  The more one practices IR, the easier it will be for them to crack this section during GMAT exam.

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